Shenzhen Now Home To 16,000 Electric Buses

JAN 20 2018 BY MARK KANE 20

Shenzhen, in China, provides an example for the world on how to electrify an entire public transit bus fleet, and most of its taxis.

Electric buses in Shenzhen

Currently, all the buses in the city are of the all-electric varety. We are talking about a whopping 16,359 vehicles!

In the coming years, all the taxis will become electric – as currently “only” 12,518 or 62.5% of them are electrified.

To handle so many electric buses, Shenzhen has installed more than 500 charging stations with 8,000 charging poles.

If you still don’t believe it, here is official the press release, while the video above shows just one of electric bus delivery events in late 2015:

All Shenzhen public buses now electric

SHENZHEN has become the world’s first city to electrify 100 percent of its public transit bus fleet, the city’s transport commission said yesterday.

The city is also home to the largest fleet of electric buses – 16,359 so far – and electric taxis in the world, the commission said at a press conference. A total of 12,518 taxis, or 62.5 percent of all taxis in the city, run on electricity.

“We will gradually replace the existing fuel-powered cabs with electricity-powered ones and complete the target by 2020, or even ahead of schedule,” said Zheng Jingyu, head of the public transport department of the city’s public transport administration bureau.

In 2018, the remaining 500 green cabs that are restricted from Futian, Luohu, Nanshan and Yantian districts, which constituted the former Shenzhen Special Economic Zone, will be replaced with electric cabs and be allowed to operate citywide.

A bus driver surnamed Wang of Route M211 started to drive electric buses a month ago, following the replacement.

“We had several rounds of training and passed strict exams before we were allowed to drive the e-buses,” he said.

The city has built 501 bus charging stations and 8,000 charging poles.

At Qinghu Bus Terminal, the Western Bus Group installed more than 30 charging poles in September.

“A bus can be fully charged within two hours and the charging poles can serve 300 buses a day,” said Guan Anguang, assistant manager of the terminal.

“Since the replacement, the bus terminal has become quiet, even as the e-buses are entering and exiting the terminal,” Guan said.

“The wide use of electric buses and cabs plays a significant role in improving air quality and constructing a beautiful Shenzhen,” said Lou Heru, vice head of the city’s transport commission.

The electric buses use 72.9 percent less energy than diesel buses. In a year, the buses could save the energy equivalent of 366,000 tons of standard coal, replacing 345,000 tons of fuel, and reducing carbon dioxide emissions by 1.35 million tons. The e-taxis will save the energy equivalent of 119,000 tons of standard coal, replacing 116,000 tons of fuel.

Shenzhen was chosen in 2009 as one of the 13 cities to pilot a national new-energy vehicle program.

In 2017, the city offered 3.3 billion yuan (US$490 million) in susidies for e-buses and the construction of charging facilities. The city has encouraged cab operators and private investors to invest in charging poles and stations for e-taxis.

Categories: Bus, China

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20 responses to "Shenzhen Now Home To 16,000 Electric Buses"
  1. Get Real says:

    The bright and clean future which happens to be a nightmare for Big Oil and their bought political parties and their shills.

  2. jax says:

    This was happened one month ago…

  3. Some Guy says:

    Meanwhile, in Europe, most cities continue purchasing only Diesel buses, saying that EV buses are not technically feasible.
    How come it works in China, then?

    1. Dav8or says:

      Because the government mandates it and they don’t have a choice. There is no requirement to make a profit, or even operate inside of a budget, or even be reliable. In China, if the government say do it, they do it. These buses may actually be terrible (the taxis reportedly are) but it doesn’t matter. The government say do it and the bus riding consumers have no other choice and neither do the bus operators.

      In Europe the situation is very different and the government is not so strong. I think you actually would prefer it stay that way.

      1. Some Guy says:

        Well, then I rephrase my rhethorical question:
        How come the Chinese buses work sufficiently, as well as the Proterra and Solaris (Poland) buses and the Dutch ones, too (VDL bus and coach)?
        No Chinese city would dare to screw up the public transport system just because the central government demands it. As a matter of fact, the central government incentivises it, but there are no mandatory quotas for electric buses, those are set by the individual cities…
        A few million angry citizens surrounding the mayors house is not what he wants… These buses in Shenzhen are rolling and transporting passengers. As do the >200000 in other parts of China.
        And I would highly appreciate to get rid of stinking Diesel buses in Europe, too. Hell, I would settle for natural gas powered ones or even fool cell technology, just to reduce the exhaust fumes. They are operating 20 year old vehicles around here that have a large black area on the back from exhaust fumes, and they are trailing black smoke when accellerating.

        1. silversod says:

          You are correct, We have a great public transport system in the UK which I use a lot.
          These old diesel buses STINK and rear of the bus is covered in soot, some of them judder so much from engine vibration I’m at risk of the fillings in my teeth falling out.
          Come on UK government you can do much better than this as the clean electric buses are already available.

        2. John Doe says:

          20 year old buses in public use in Europe?

          That is not legal, unless there are some special circumstances. They have to apply to Euro 6 standards, and they came in 2014.

          You can buy an old bus, and convert it to an RV or maybe a team bus for a racing vehicle and so on.. but it is not legal to be used in regular routes.

          I’ve lived and worked in 11 European countries, and I’ve almost never seen buses that old in regular use.
          In the early 90s, there was new rules that removed older buses from trafic.

          When I lived in Greece (mainland) and Crete,I know they imported some older used buses from Germany, Austria and Switzerland – but that was back in 2002. Economy was not great, and it was a way to save money there. Even a full bus with old technology will pollute less then 30-50 ICE passenger cars.

          In other places, a bus company can not offer to drive buses that does not comply to Euro 6 emmission standards.
          When I lived in Egypt, I know they imported used buses and tires from Europe, but they are not in the EU either..

          In which European country do they drive that old buses?

          For more information: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/European_emission_standards

          Look at the reduction in emissions for trucks and buses for example, between a Euro 1 and Euro 6 engine when it comes to:
          CO, NOx, particles, hydrocarbons and so on.
          Just to replace older buses and trucks to get new with Euro 6 engines will be a huge improvement.

          BEV buses will come, and is waiting for infrastructure that is under planning. For those that is very interested, look at the rules and regulations regarding the green shift in transportation, and infrastructure. The main plan is ready, and the contruction is under way. This is massive changes, and is highly complex.
          In a place with no democracy, and no need for profit – changes like this can be done asap, and they don’t have to lister to companies that have to make the transition, and they don’t have to follow budgets in the same way.
          In the end, changes will come sooner then the average person will realise. For people into EVs and technology – the changes can not come fast enough.

  4. jax says:

    Bribing does not work in China…

    1. JyChevyVolt says:

      Actually, it does work in China. BYD is located in Shenzhen.

    2. ziv says:

      LOL! Graft is rampant in China, but when they get a good idea like electric buses, not even bribes can stand in the way. You mistake an authoritarian government for a just government.

  5. JR says:

    This is impressing that the change of public electrification and Taxi┬┤s is so fast other big city should do the same

  6. Nick says:

    I hope the US can catch up.

    1. ziv says:

      One of the advantages of an authoritarian government is that they can move boldly and accomplish great things due to the lack of effective opposition. One of the horrible features of authoritarian governments is that they can move boldly and commit horrible crimes with no real pushback due to the lack of effective opposition.
      You think the US policy in the middle east is bad? Communism has killed around 100,000,000 people in the past century. 60Mn+ in China alone. But I hear the trains run on time.
      Fascism isn’t even close.

  7. windbourne says:

    Sadly, EVs will NOT clean up Chinese cities.
    The reason is that most of the electricity comes from coal plants, not from clean energy.
    This is a GREAT example.
    Shenzhen has the most electric vehicles and some of highest amounts of AE. As such, Shenzhen should be not only the cleanest in china (which for its size, it is), but, cleaner than western cities.
    Here is what Shenzhen looks like in pollution.

    https://www.numbeo.com/pollution/in/Shenzhen

    This is a city of 12 million, with urban area of 20M.
    That makes it similar to NYC or LA.
    https://www.numbeo.com/pollution/in/Los-Angeles
    https://www.numbeo.com/pollution/in/New-York

    You can see that even with similar populations but more gas cars (and with EVs coming), that NYC/LA are much cleaner.
    WHy? Because their electricity is not coal based and esp not coal based with zero pollution controls

    1. Don Zenga says:

      Do you want what does it mean by “100 MPGe”.

      It means 1 gallon of gas when burnt in a power plant generate 33 KWh of electricity and in this electricity, an electric car runs for 100 miles. But 1 gallon of gas can power the ICE for only 30 miles.

      So even if the electricity is generated from Coal which is 50% more polluting than oil, the EV which can run 200% more distance can cut the pollution by 50%.

      But China is rapidly switching from Coal to other cleaner sources like nuclear, wind, solar, etc and this drastically reduced the pollution.

    2. Ron M says:

      China’s coal use peaked in 2012 and has declined every year since then.

      1. windbourne says:

        which is a lie.
        Supposedly, it peaked in 2015, but enough evidence has been shown that coal use continues to grow, esp. since they continue to add more coal than all of AE COMBINED.

        1. Ron M says:

          Windbourne
          Well enlighten me with the evidence you have that they have been using more coal. Also what is AE COMBINED.I have no idea what the abbreviation AE is in the contents of your post.

  8. Don Zenga says:

    Fantastic achievement.

    With each bus driving 200 – 300 km / day, the batteries in the buses are put to full use and with electric buses being 3 – 4 times more fuel efficient than the diesel guzzlers, they save a lot of money.

    And the charging facilities are also put to the fullest use as all the buses use them.

    Besides slow charging at night, these buses can also be fast charged during the 15 – 30 minute stops after reaching the destination and during lunch time.

  9. Don Zenga says:

    It will be nice if the executive in every transit agency in big cities make a visit to Shenzen and identify the logistics and implement the same in their city as well.

    Buses are the most practical application with extensive daily usage.

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