Nissan And Enel Launches World’s First Commercial V2G Hub In Denmark

OCT 21 2016 BY MARK KANE 21

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan together with Enel and Nuvve is laying the groundwork for future large application commercial V2G (vehicle-to-grid) systems in Denmark.

The country’s utility – Frederiksberg Forsyning has installed 10 Enel V2G charging units (10 kW each) and also purchased 10 Nissan e-NV200 for use at its headquarters.

Of course bi-directional energy transfer in this case uses the CHAdeMO DC standard as one might expect with the Nissan connection.

This new set-up will enable grid operator to discharge (or charge) cars at up to about 100 kW on demand to stabilize the national electric grid.

According to the press release, this latest project is world’s first commercial V2G hub, which means that no taxpayer money engaged all the parts (chargers, cars and IT platform) are commercially available for sale and can be easily duplicated in the future by interested parties.

“Becoming the first customer to commercially integrate and host V2G units at its headquarters in Copenhagen, utility Frederiksberg Forsyning has installed 10 Enel V2G units and purchased 10 zero emission, 100 percent electric Nissan e-NV200 vans that will join the company’s fleet. When the e-NV200s are not in use, they can be plugged in to the new Enel V2G units on site and can receive energy from and provide energy back to the national grid on demand, effectively turning the vans into mobile energy solutions. The total capacity made available by the 10 kW Enel V2G chargers amounts to approximately 100 kW.

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nuvve is the provider of the platform that controls the power flow to and from the cars. The platform, initially developed by the University of Delaware and now supported and commercialised by Nuvve, ensures that the driver’s mileage needs are always met and optimises the power available to the grid.

With Nissan electric vehicles, dual energy flow enabled by Enel V2G chargers and managed by Nuvve’s aggregation platform, Frederiksberg Forsyning will become an active participant in Denmark’s energy management system, helping to stabilise and balance demand on the grid.

By participating in this initial project, Danish grid operator is keen to apply the findings from the commercial implementation of the V2G hub to adapt the national network in order to better integrate EVs and provide ancillary services to stabilise the grid.

[1] Fully commercial means that the project is entirely based on components and technologies that can be purchased by consumers, from the electric vehicles to the recharge units and the platform that manages the V2G system.”

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Gareth Dunsmore, Director of Electric Vehicles, Nissan Europe said:

“Tackling the environmental challenges that face societies around the world requires smart thinking and a new approach to traditional energy management and distribution models. Today’s ground-breaking announcement in Denmark marks a major step in tackling these challenges head on. With V2G technology, electric vehicles will play an integral part in the energy management systems of the future.The fact that a company has commercially integrated this technology paves the way for the wider commercial roll out of this technology across Europe.”

Ernesto Ciorra, Enel’s Head of Innovation and Sustainability stated: 

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Nissan, Enel and Nuvve operate world’s first fully commercial vehicle-to-grid (V2G) hub in Denmark

Today’s launch follows the joint announcement with Nissan during COP21 back in December. Only a few years ago, the idea of commercialising V2G would have seemed unrealistic. Today, together with our partners, we make it a reality. Enel is proud to be leading the power industry in both developing V2G offers and introducing them into global markets, starting with Denmark. Now we have a fully functioning hub of EVs delivering balancing services to the Danish grid. With V2G we can enhance grid stability, further enabling the integration of renewables into the generation mix, which is the core of Enel’s overall energy strategy. V2G is one of the sustainable innovation areas that is taking us towards a low carbon society for the benefit of present and future generations.”

Gregory Poilasne, Nuvve’s Chairman and CEO said:

Nuvve is excited to be part of the first ever commercial V2G fleet with both Frederiksberg Forsyning and In collaboration with Nissan and Enel, we plan to roll out many more V2G projects in Denmark and other countries in the near future, using commercial and standard vehicles and chargers linked with Nuvve’s intelligent aggregation platform GIVe™”.

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21 Comments on "Nissan And Enel Launches World’s First Commercial V2G Hub In Denmark"

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It will be interesting to follow this story.

How will the battery life in the vehicles be effected?

How much will the grid be stabilized?

Martin Messer Thomsen

Nissan gives full warranty on the batteries so it is not expected to have large influence on battery life.

The Danish TSO (responsible for the grid) said that 2.000 EVs that can do V2G is an amount large enough to have an impact on the grid.

Be careful here, most battery warranties are for workmanship, and offer no guarantee against degradation. I believe the Volt is an exception. Even when the warranty does cover degradation it is based on miles or age, so how is V2G handled? Equivalent miles?

All those cars sitting in parking lots for 8 hours per day can be part of the grid during prime time…brilliant!

It’s not a commercial solution for anything if all they have is ten 10kW chargers.

There is absolutely no explanation of what this “system” will be used for. Given the tiny capacity, presumably some kind of mini-pilot project, but where? how? what’s the usage model? Without all this, the article is worthless.

Martin Messer Thomsen

Hi wa

It is not mentioned in the article but the cars does frequency regulation and because the cars can react fast it has a value for the grid and create income.


And security!

These ten 10kW reverse chargers connected simultaneously to 10 Nissan EVs at max output would feed 100kW into the grid (for ~2.5 hours assuming 30kWh LEAFs).
Current Danish output of the entire grid as I write this is ~3300MW.

How exactly does being able to provide 0.000003 of the power help the grid in any way or provide income?
Sure, if you had 5000+ chargers doing V2G at the same time it could help.

This is not a bulk energy market, it is short term phase correction for the AC transmission system. I believe the “frequency regulation” market works on the order of 15 second intervals on average. (Gregory, can you refine that?)

If the bulk power distribution system were primarily DC, the “frequency regulation” market would not exist. But it is mostly AC.

Think of this as the synchronizers in a manual transmission. It is not about putting power to the road, it is about making sure the gears do not grind. But there is substantial money in this market, and it has little impact on batteries.

Very good explanation JamCl3.
Frequency regulation is the synchro mesh of grid.
I’ll keep it!

Thanks, but that still doesn’t answer my question.
Are you saying that 10 V2G chargers of this size can significantly affect grid phase, even in a small area (say, 1000-residential-building town)?

To use your gearbox-sync analogy: Are you saiyng that microscopic syncronizers (say, 0.0003cm in diameter) could synchronize gearchanges on a standard-sized automotive gearbox? I don’t think so.

My god you guys! This is a pilot project, not a full-blown commercial solution to grid problems. You got to start somewhere. And if you think it is not newsworthy until full-scale arrives, you don’t have to read the article.

V2G Vehicle to GRID is a great option. The U of Delaware is already doing it and it pays for itself.

As a TESLA fan(boy) I must say: It is a real pity that we won’t see V2G from Tesla. They have all knowledge in house but seem to prefer to not interfere with their powerwall business… That is really a sad thing, especially because there already is a quite big fleet of Teslas with a quite big amount of kWh compared to the leaf batteries. There are so many reasons why V2G is really a good thing… Mr Musk, are you listening? You wanna save the world before leaving us alone and escaping to Mars? Then please provide us the technology… Thanks! Your customers are rich people, some of them might be willing to pay a lot for a V2H or better V2G unit, especially when it comes COMBINED with your power wall and solar roof and a fancy snake! Use your bots (models3x+snake) to save us humans. It’s a small step for you, but it would be a huge one for humanity. Don’t think that I am exaggerating (I do so frequently), the positive aspects of a black start providing energy system can not be under estimated! There is a severe risk of black outs in every modern electricity… Read more »

I think you will see an offering from Tesla soon. If I look into my crystal ball I clearly see autonomous driving of energy blocks to off-the-grid homes that transport blocks of energy from superchargers to consumers where needed. Tesla is an energy company first and foremost.


I forgot to mention that on the page there is the section “power right now” which might be interesting for those interested in renewables…

Nuvee is also working on AC V2G power transfer and three phase charging in North America, which is just getting started for trucks and buses.

@Peter: Thanks for the link. Informative live illustration. Interesting the the bulk of electricity production is made by wind turbines (at least right now).

That’s far from a coincidence, Denmark has the highest proportion of wind power in the world by far and besides this the Danish wind turbine industry is the world’s largest. Wind power in Denmark: Quote: “Denmark was a pioneer in developing commercial wind power during the 1970s, and today a substantial share of the wind turbines around the world are produced by Danish manufacturers such as Vestas and Siemens Wind Power along with many component suppliers. Wind power produced the equivalent of 42.1% of Denmark’s total electricity consumption in 2015, increased from 33% in 2013, and 39% in 2014. In 2012 the Danish government adopted a plan to increase the share of electricity production from wind to 50% by 2020, and to 84% in 2035. Denmark had the 6th best energy security in the world in 2014. …Peak records Breaking waves at the north sea coast of Denmark in the evening of July 9, 2015 as the new record in peak capacity was reached. As Denmark continues to install additional capacity, they continue to set new production records. This is a natural consequence of capacity growth. On July 9, 2015, in the evening, unusually strong wind conditions resulted in… Read more »
HAHA! One thing is almost certain – with the expanded influence of Solar and Wind Power, there will be a need for fast-ramping sources to ameliorate the intermittent nature of the energy production, but Nissan will *NOT* be seriously involved. I can think of no other car company that makes batteries as lousy as Nissan. Many Leaf buyers were thinking that, since they didn’t live in hot climates, they’d be immune to battery degradation. In general, that’s been wrong. While some here have mentioned they’ve had good luck with their batteries, there are more that have been surprised at how rapid the decline in the health of their ‘pampered’ batteries has been, even the so called bulletproof lizard things – they seem to be also crapping out on a regular basis. You see it regionally around here (but not I’m my immediate area since when I was looking for a used EV there were absolutely ZERO leafs for sale from any reputable dealer within the car’s driving range) – that year-old leafs with only 10,000 miles on them are going for around 1/3 of their new cost. Unbelievable – losing 2/3 of the value of the car after only 1… Read more »