State-By-State Look At Plug-In Electric Cars Per 1,000 Residents


DEC 12 2018 BY MARK KANE 84

Average number of plug-in cars in U.S. is 2.21 per 1,000 residents

According to the US DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, as of the end of 2017, the highest number of plug-in electric cars per 1,000 people in the U.S. was in California (8.64), Hawaii (5.12) and Washington state (4.06). The first five remain the same as compared to 2016, and most states improved their plug-in share.

In total, eight states exceed 2 plug-in cars per 1,000 residents, compared to five a year earlier:

  • California – 0.864%
  • Hawaii – 0.512%
  • Washington – 0.406%
  • Oregon – 0.384%
  • Vermont – 0.373%
  • Colorado – 0.233%
  • Arizona – 0.229%
  • Maryland – 0.203%

The bad news is that there are still 25 states with less than 1 plug-in car registered per 1,000 people.

“Seventeen states plus the District of Columbia were between one and two PEV registrations per 1,000 people, while 25 states were below one. The average for the United States is 2.21 PEV registrations per 1,000 people.”

In the top EV market – Norway – plug-in electric cars account for over 10% of the total fleet already today.

“Note: PEV include both all-electric vehicles and plug-in hybrid vehicles.

Sources: PEV registrations – U.S. Department of Energy analysis of IHS Automotive data. Population – U.S. Census Bureau, Population Estimates, Annual Estimates of the Resident Population.”


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84 Comments on "State-By-State Look At Plug-In Electric Cars Per 1,000 Residents"

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2018 should be an interesting year. On track for over 350K sales – more than 1 for every 1000 people. National average should jump to over 3.2 per 1000.

Very interesting no doubt

2019 would be more interesting with more EV’s with real range coming out and tax credits ending for Tesla and GM. I really think we are on our way to 1/2 million EV-plug-ins next year.

I’m not sure about that. *If* Tesla send 1/2 of the Model 3’s abroad next year, we may not see much growth in the US as the long list of upcoming models may be very low volume as they start production next year.
It will all depend on Telsa’s regional distribution plan for the Model 3 and new markets for S/X (several such articles lately). We may not see more than 400k registrations in the US.

But…but…but… all the other guys are gonna CRUSH Tesla, aren’t they? iPace, eTron. EQC, Taycan…

Though I guess they’ll crush Tesla the year after. Apparently Tesla has one more year left to live. :p

Sure, but even in compliance numbers, Leaf E+, Kona, Niro, Soul, the myriad of Mercedes, the budding Honda Clarity, IonIQ, etc will add to the mix as they have been. Colorado just joined CARB states and will have all of these options. I think the growth may be more like 26% instead of 30% or more, but meaningful nonetheless.

To your credit, I sure wish there were some pickup options. I don’t consider $60k or more an option… My old C10 may get Tesla guts someday soon for that reason.

Rivian bev truck out in two years, reportedly, and can do just about anything you need a pick up to do. Find convenient, free charging nearby and your operational expenses could be less than a comparable dino truck.

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The Rivian is aimed squarely at the recreational market. It falls far short of what’s needed for a serious work truck, and, at least at first, will be priced higher than a comparable ICE vehicle.

Very few of the trucks on the road are used as “serious work trucks”. And all of those need to be cheap and basic, not exactly where EVs slot at the moment.

TM# production should be 7,000 a week in 2019.

Would be interesting to see what ratio is for non-plug-in cars for these states. (eg what percentage of cars to people) I image some states such as California also have a higher car to people ratio.

I don’t know? Do kids in elementary schools drive?

Here in the northeast, public transit is not just a short test tunnel that Elon built.

The U.S. has the highest motorization rate in the world, with a national average of +800 per 1000 people. The European countries have rates above 500/1000 people. California’s is 840 for 2017, see the complete list here (and yes, there are some states with more cars than peolple):

I think this shows their data is dated. California reached a population of 40 million and 400,000 registrations just a few months ago which would be 10 EVs per 1,000 people. We are on pace to reach 500k Registered EVs next month or the month after. That would put us at 12.5 with it rising about .5 per month.

With more 200 mile EVs coming in 2019 we should exceed 20 in about 12 months.

The California one is indeed WAY outdated. The Tesla Model 3 has flooded the market. You can’t swing a dead cat without hitting a Tesla in SF Bay area or LA now.

You are right but that is the rate of motorization of all passenger cars and SUVs on the road. The graph above is only for 2017 registrations, so it is lower than the rate for the entire automobile stock.

Should it be by registrations instead? As many people in large cities don’t own a car and thus skews the numbers.

It is by registrations indeed.

Nope. Article says per 1000 residents, not per 1000 registrations.

Registrations would give a more accurate picture I think.

The graph clearly says registrations, this is an interternational indicator, number of registered vehicles per population in the corresponding area (country, state, or city). So, in megacities such as NYC, the rate is lower (539) while rural states have more vehicles than people, Wyoming 1140 per 1000 people. For all passenger cars, including SUVs, the US average is 910 (registered fleet in 2017), the highest in the world.

Check here:

I think Mr F150 is asking for #EV Registrations / 1000 Vehicle Registrations which would in effect automatically adjust for motorization ratios, percent of non-adult population, etc

That’s an excellent point.

Would also be interesting to have “average household income” as a variable.

Cheers to people in Wyoming with EV’s, there are dozens of you!

Wyoming is the state that relies on coal the most for electricity generation, so having them dragging behind on BEV adoption hurts the cause a bit less! 😉

No,Wyoming would be the best place for EV’s as they already have plenty of electricity.

You would think so cause WY has great wind corridors ripe for wind power harvesting. But the state is currently corrupted on coal so much so that they have disincentives, I seem to recall, to get solar or wind generation equipment at your residences.
‘‘Tis a shame

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Wyoming is probably a tough place to make a sales pitch for an EV. Between the wide open rural spaces, blue collar work force, off grid and off road recreation, and cold winters, Wyoming probably won’t see widespread EV adoption until long range electric off road vehicles become a thing.

Yes like the Rivian bevs coming in a couple years

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I’m totally pulling for Rivian, but yeah. I wouldn’t expect to see significant numbers of them sold in states like Wyoming until 2025ish.

With the exception of Arizona and Georgia, this map shows that EV use is almost perfectly correlated to left-leaning politics.

If this is the case, I guess it means there’s something wrong with politically right leaning people.

If you are a true conservative, you should be MORE into EVs than lefties. With an EV, you can help CONSERVE the environment, by not polluting. You help CONSERVE cash by not wasting it on oil, much of which comes from the middle east. Electricity is generated almost entirely locally, so you support your local economy by buying electricity.

You CONSERVE your cash by not wasting it on spark plugs, oil changes, mufflers, etc.

I could go on endlessly about how this *should* appeal to conservatives. But it seems that “conservatives” are just “anti-anything-good” these days. They’re pro-gun, anti-choice, anti-ev, pro-fossil fuels. Makes no sense to me.

It’s an interesting correlational. I would also expect to see a correlation of EV ownership to intelligence. The higher cost of an EV compared to ICE alternatives suggests lower income people can’t afford an EV, although this is changing rapidly.

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It’s a good thing we have leftists around who are so willing to tell conservatives what beliefs they should hold.

The “environmental CONSERVATION” argument is a joke….we all know conservatives don’t give a crap about the environment & most deny climate change.

But I’d think conservatives would AT LEAST be pro-EV for national security & economic security reasons. Why not slash our trade deficit by reducing oil imports? And why not weaken foes likes Putin/Russia, African dictators, and mid-East Islamists by slashing oil usage?

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Protip: If you have to explain the joke, it’s not funny.

It just like Conservatives said about Budget Deficits. However for the month of November 2018 we had a 200 billion Budget Deficit. Hey 200 Billion this ain’t no typo.
October 100 Billion Budget Deficit.

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There’s a fairly vocal cohort of people who will happily tell you that only people who adhere to leftist dogma should drive EVs.

Georgia is up there because they used to have an overly generous EV incentive. But they got rid of it and EV sales have tanked since then.

Arizona is odd. I suspect it is due to people buying Solar PV and then getting an EV to use that extra electricity.

Just to compare with the global leader, the rate in Norway was +14 per 1000 people in 2017, not bad for California!!!
The Norwegian concentration considering all plug-in cars on the road is 55 per 1000 people, and 10% on the road has a plug.

I think what Norway is doing is awesome, but it’s not really a fair comparison. The FF lobby in the US is very powerful and they fight tooth and nail against any kind of EV advancement. Norway, on the other hand, gives *MASSIVE* tax breaks to EVs, and imposes extra levies on gas guzzlers, making EVs cost less than half of what an equivalent ICE car would cost.

If you could buy a model S in the US for half the price of a mercedes S class, there would be 0 sales of mercedes S class.

My point is that California despite not having such massive incentives as Norway is more than half the way of the Nordic country.

Ahh….but Norway *is* a fossil fuel country. They got rich off of oil. They are just very smart about it….sell the oil others while they run their EVs off domestic hydro & windpower. That oil will run out eventually….the sun, wind, rain, and snow won’t ever stop.

What large fossil fuel company is in Norway. I don’t remember the name DONG Denmark Oil Natural Gas was changed too; but I also don’t know if Norway was part of it.

It used to be called Statoil, now it’s Equinor.

Wow they really are lucky. Sell oil and use Hydro and wind for all your electricity. So its only vehicles and heating of homes left to become 100% renewable.

Look at the states with less than 0.5 EVs per 1000 people. These states are truly the bottom of the barrel states in the US.
(MS, AL, AR, LA, KY, WV, WY, ND, SD)

Some of these are the poorest states, as well as states that have no incentive programs for EVs. Those two things combined mean EVs are out of reach to the avg car buyer in terms of price.

Yes but why are they poor…some of it cause old dumb, “conservative” ideas to not require solar n wind renewables and the much more safe n efficient bevs powered by renewables.
My guess isthat their literacy n education rates are among the lowest in the nation too.

The Deep South ones are poor because they have a large population that have been relentlessly discriminated against for centuries.

Yup. There’s another data essay waiting to be written, about temperate low-electric cost states that do not smell the coffee of EVs. This won’t stay political much longer.

Most of them have no state/local incentives. Many are also big oil states (ND & LA). They also lack solar PV incentives…solar PV is often a first step before buying an EV.

States mostly controlled or influenced by Big Oil. Heck they practically own LA, where oil companies destroy the environment and pay nest to nothing in taxes. Many of those states rank very low in services, health, education, welfare.
Yeah, welfare really hurts people, especially corporate welfare.

Typical elitist, “I live in a bubble, so why don’t you?” talk. If all those states were onboard and doing as well as whatever awesome place you are from, who would be left to make fun of? You need people to make fun of. It makes you feel good and gets you through the day.

If you truly think these people are so backward and need help, why wait for government? Why not start an “EV scholarship fund” that subsidizes people from “bottom of the barrel” states to buy new EVs the same way private universities subsidize low income people to go to college? You and your elitist buddies where you are from could start a Kickstarter campaign to raise money for the EV Scholarship Fund with all your extra cash and help raise these poor people up from “the bottom of the barrel”.

No need for government, just less judgement and more doing.

But at least Alabama is starting to try and promote EV’s

I’m skewing the numbers slightly. I’m a Maryland resident but own a CA-registered Bolt.

One of the engineers at my rural co-op utility gave me this link. Very interesting.

Biggest takeaway from that page: fool cells are less than 1/100th the sales of either PHEVs or BEVs. Kill ’em off, please!

California leads….Californians support the local company (Tesla), have high gas prices that incentivize EVs, have a few state incentives, have good solar PV that makes for a GREAT EV & PV combo, etc.

But everyone, including California, need to do better.

Interesting data. There is less correlation with CARB regulations than I thought here would be.

California – 0.864% — CARB
Hawaii – 0.512% — Not CARB
Washington – 0.406% — CARB (no ZEV mandate)
Oregon – 0.384% — CARB
Vermont – 0.373% — CARB
Colorado – 0.233% — Not CARB
Arizona – 0.229% — Not CARB
Maryland – 0.203% — CARB

My respect for the data ends at it being in agreement with an urban abandonment of the car. They’re being crowded out, as 1-2 hour commutes become more common. No mas.

The data doesn’t say CARB states make up a third of all **new** vehicle sales. I wonder Wyoming’s average model year registered?

Global “go by” data is “percent of market”, or “sales”. No OEM cares about “registered fleet”. They want to know how to make money. This also betrays IHS Insight’s motives. They are trying to minimize the appearance up uptake by EVs, when they know the metric they use in their consulting is “percent of sales”.

Shame on IHS. To think, I interviewed there once. Tesla is vertical. Detroit holds many IHS clients. You know the rest.

Half of NY State is New York City, where less than half the population has cars. That’s why the better comparison would be EVs per 1000 registered cars, not per 1000 people.

Did the 44,148 plug in cars sold last month exceed 3% of the US light duty sales last month? It must have been close because I think we were on track for 17.45Mn annual sales/12 = appox. 1.454Mn a month. 44,148/1.454,000 = 3.03%
Did I miss something, because breaking 3% would be a nice marker. Or did we already do it in September?

I am especially impressed with those states which are not part of the CAL ZEV Mandate yet whose # per 1000 are high. What is their recipe?

WA is 3rd without a ZEV mandate. Had a sales tax exemption, which equated to about $3k off the price. Also WA has the 3rd highest gas prices in the US. And relatively cheap electricity.

WA also has a massive solar production incentive program for homeowners. High likelyhood (~30%) that once you go solar, you get an EV.

‘California – 0.864%’

Is it 8 % or .8% because 0.864% is .8%, big difference

It’s 8.64 per 1k residents. If it were 8.64 per 1c residents it would be 8.64%

Interesting to see red state Arizona so high on that list of the top.

I suspect it is due to people buying solar PV for their homes and then getting EVs to use that solar power.

EVs are starting to sell pretty well but I’d like to see solar PV selling faster than EVs. If you own your own home, you should really get solar PV before buying an EV…it provides a much better bang for your buck. But I guess EVs are just sexier.

I suspect it is from buying cheap used evs from CA…

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Probably a combination of the sunny climate and high cost to run air conditioners, and also somewhat influenced by the influx of former California residents.

Still less than 1%!!!!

Different metric.

I did the numbers for November above, but I think that both September and November saw plug in cars comprise more than 3% of the US Light Duty automotive fleet sales. 3% is pretty impressive. I would imagine insideevs has an article about it, but I missed it.

Disappointed with Ohio consumer trends in buying cars

The more relevant stat is how many EVs per 1000 cars registered.

That metric is market share of new car sales/registrations no need for the 1000, it is just a percentage. For California the plug-in market share is 7.1% in the first nine months of 2018, for Norway is about 50% for the first eleven months of 2018.

West coast is the best coast.

Visualizing gasoline taxes and/or EV incentives by state renders very similar looking maps. Hmmm. I wonder how we could encourage more people to drive electric?

Ron Swanson's Mustache

Pretty easy: Make electric cars people want to actually own.

I tried to buy an all electric in Massachusetts in spring of 2018. I live 10 miles from Boston. Chevy did not stock them. A very few
had E Smarts. Used was similarly barren. cargurus and such had quite a few used. Most all were from states like California where
manufacturers had to deliver a percentage of EVs. Very surprised to see 3 New England states above 50%.