EV Sales By Fast Charging Standards; The “Big 3” Converge – 2017 Edition


CHAdeMO-compatible cars still are sold in higher volume than cars compatible with CCS Combo or Tesla fast charging standards.

Combined Charging System (CCS)

EV Sales Blog compiled plug-in car sales data to see how the situation has progressed for CHAdeMO, CCS Combo and Tesla Supercharging (excluding China’s GB/T).

As always, here we need to explain the following:

  • CHAdeMO is worldwide standard (all the CHAdeMO-equipped cars are compatible with all the CHAdeMO chargers)
  • CCS Combo – occurs in two versions (Combo 1 & Combo 2). The Combo 1 is used in North America and South Korea, while Combo 2 is promoted in most of the rest of the world. The cars with Combo 1 are compatible only with chargers with Combo 1 plugs, and the same concerns Combo 2. In other worlds, those are similar, twin, but incompatibile standards.
  • Tesla Superchargers – also occurs in two versions. First is proprietary for North America (and some other markets), while the second is based on the European Type 2 AC plug, but modified to handle 1-phase, 3-phase and DC charging. Cars and Superchargers in North America and most of the rest of the world are incompatible (at least until someone will not modify them). This is one of the problem when importing used Tesla from U.S. to Europe.

The results over the first nine months of the year 2017:

  • CHAdeMO – 126,475 (580,959 total)
  • Tesla Supercharging – 103,122 (286,750 total)
  • CCS – 85,475 (201,601 total)
  • Chinese GBT – excluded from the comparison

The battle is getting hot this year. CHAdeMO will be supported by the surging new Nissan LEAF. CCS will be supported by a growing number of BEVs. And Tesla standards will get support from Model 3 sales.

Read Also – Porsche Dealerships In U.S. To Get 350-kW Fast Chargers For Mission E

Here is a graph showing cumulative results to date:

All-time Worldwide DC Fast Rechargeable Electric Cars Fleet (estimated) – EV Sales Blog data

Source: EV Sales Blog

Category: Charging

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38 responses to "EV Sales By Fast Charging Standards; The “Big 3” Converge – 2017 Edition"
  1. John in AA says:

    And then there’s the fact that (with an expensive accessory) a Tesla can use CHAdeMO. I suppose that might rate an asterisk on the CHAdeMO column, or something.

    1. EVShopper says:

      And an asterisk that with an adapter you can use a Tesla wall charger with a CCS L2 vehicle.

      All this gets really confusing to the average driver used to just pulling in to a gas station and refueling.

      We gotta get a single common standard if we want EVs to succeed.

      1. Suso says:

        Just refueling? At least in Europe you usually find four types, two gasoline and two diesel. Gasoline is easier because of the octanes, but diesel is usually very confusing (one of them is just more expensive).

        Honestly, I don’t see a problem with three adapters for charging, compared to current refueling infrastructure

        1. John says:

          Oh, please…

        2. MDEV says:

          And Natul Gas too into the mix in Europe and Brasil

          1. Also, methanol powered cars in Brazil.

            1. GSP says:

              Brazil has a lot of ethanol cars “E98,” and I think all of the Gasoline sold there is 25% ethanol (“E25”).

              They probably have methanol cars too, but not near as many.


        3. TheWay says:

          At the very least you can’t make a mistake. I know a person who accidentally poured diesel into their Lexus. The car traveled a short while then broke down.

        4. Magnus H says:

          There’s also E85 (ethanol) available.

      2. Windbourne says:

        Yeah, thank God that gas stations do not have this issue. Otherwise, they would have pumps that have different hoses for leaded, non-leaded, e85, diesel, etc.

    2. Al S says:

      You need a second asterisk to mention that the Tesla adapter doesn’t work yet with the Model 3.

      1. Windbourne says:

        Other than chademo, all adapters work with M3.

  2. Roy_H says:

    Tesla currently supports J1772 AC charging but not the CCS DC version. They will eventually.

    CCS is supported by the largest number of manufacturers. I have felt that Nissan made a big mistake staying with the old CHADemO design. So we have a world standard CCS getting a late start and two independent connectors one supported by Nissan and the other by Tesla. CCS will eventually dominate.

    1. Reaf says:

      CHAdeMO, Chinese GB/T and Tesla (all with CAN communication) EVs and chargers totally outnumber CCS (PLC communication). The real mistake was the failure to adopt CAN.

      1. Jmk says:

        Right, maybe this is why there is no reliable ccs charger and car pair in existence. Did the big auto intentionally break ccs 1.0?

    2. zzzzzzzzzz says:

      Why would it be mistake for Nissan to stay with worldwide standard that it used for many years and jump to a mess of regional standards, different in each market Nissan sells into? And jump right now, when these regional standards did not even reached most of the new car sales yet?

    3. TheWay says:

      I dread if CCS becomes the only standard. It is like ignoring USB and standardizing around Parallel Port.

      The CCS connector is a total mess. They should have started from scratch while they still could. Instead they made the “FrankenPlug” to be backwards compatible with J1772 despite most current cars couldn’t even use CCS anyways.

      Now, CCS is just bringing us further into the rabbit hole.

      1. Cosmyc says:

        I’m with you, Nissan should push CHAdeMO all the way they can, CCS should die or improve a lot.

        1. Charles says:

          That’s weird – I think of it the other way around. CCS is AC and DC charging combined in a single plug. Chademo is DC only and you need a separate plug for AC charging.

          Chademo and J1772 need to die, and I say this as a Leaf owner. CCS Combo 2 is the technical superior standard which supports everything from 10A outlet AC charging, through to 350 kW DC.

          It may be relevant that I’m Australian and we have had no firm standards on plugs here until recently – also a limited range of EVs where almost every vehicle was different. Fortunately we have settled om CCS Combo 2 as the preferred port with some allowances for Chademo support for legacy vehicles.

  3. Stimpy says:

    I’d like to see the US-specific chart considering the only Chademo car left here is the Leaf.

    1. Jolinar says:

      Outlander is not sold in US?

      1. Mike I. says:

        It is now.

    2. Mike I. says:

      Kia Soul EV also has CHAdeMO in USA.

      1. Bloggin says:

        That’s changing with the new 200+ mile Kia Kona, which is moving to CCS in Korea and in the US and Europe.

        1. Nate says:

          Kona is not a Kia but yeah same folks.

    3. Reaf says:

      Bollinger and Teslas, plus the legacy EVs (i-MiEV, RAV4 EV, Fit EV).

  4. Mikael says:

    It would be interesting the see a chart without PHEVs. 😛

    1. Reaf says:

      And the i3s, e-Golfs, e-Up!s and Bolts that are not equipped with DC charging inlets ? Count the real number of DC charging inlets in the market, the gap between CHAdeMO and CCS will be much bigger.

  5. Jason says:

    CCS also has to define that Combo2 is the world wide standard. It was just plain stupid to allow Combo1 and Combo2. That is one area where CHAdeMO does it better, they are world wide compatible.
    Australia is setting the standard for Combo2 (I believe), which will be a problem for older vehicles that have Combo1. Fortunately there are virtually no CCS DC chargers here, so long as they only import Combo2 on the vehicles and built Combo2 chargers, shouldn’t be too much of a problem.
    J1772 is also going the way of Europe where you bring your own cable. So the change from J1772 version 1 to J1772 version 2 shouldn’t be too big a problem either.
    None of this would have been an issue of CCS standards body had mandated the Combo2 in the first place.

  6. Of note CCS Type1 (US) and CCS Type2 (EU) are not the same connector.

    It’s like the difference between CHAdeMO and GBT (used in China). The software protocols are the same (CANBUS), but the pins configuration on the connectors differ.

    BTW: for those not paying attention … the plug type war is over. All public DC charging location in Europe and N.America will install only DC stations with both CCS (Combo) and CHAdeMO connectors.

    1. Pushmi-Pullyu says:

      It is very far from over. Tesla is leading the way with the only well-distributed DCFC network, but only Tesla cars can use Tesla Supercharger DCFC stations.

      It won’t be over until all EV makers are putting the same plug receptacle on their cars. Gasmobiles using unleaded fuel have standardized fill pipe openings, and eventually plug-in EVs will all have standardized plug receptacles.

  7. The world has several major DC fast charge protocols throughout the world:

    * CHAdeMO – worldwide ?
    * GB/T – China ??
    * CCS-Combo 2 – Europe ?? ?? ?? ??
    * SAE-CCS-Combo 1 – North America ?? ?? ??
    * Tesla Supercharger and Megacharger – ?

    The CHAdeMO Association just put out the following statement:

    770,000 compatible cars

    17,700 stations worldwide

    7,133 Japan

    6,060 Europe

    2,290 USA

    2,018 Asia

    182 – other

    1) 50% growth in Europe and 30% world-wide, CHAdeMO infrastructure continues to expand its network, serving 775K plug-ins in the world

    2) Membership base continues double-digit growth

    3) 200kW protocol (CHAdeMO 1.2) published and 400kW protocol (2.0) revision on-going

    4) CHAdeMO continues to expand its global reach; 10 new countries got their first CHAdeMO in 2017

    CHAdeMO Association closed yet another very successful year in 2017. Not only have all fronts of the business of its members and collaborators grown, but it has also successfully consolidated its position as the international market leader.

    New chargers sprang up everywhere in the world, and the number of CHAdeMO chargers grew by 30% last year, reaching a global total number of 17 700. An even bigger rate of increase was seen in the European region, where a 50% growth took place in 2017, ending the year with 6 060 charge points across Europe. Countries like Norway, Germany, United Kingdom, France and Ukraine went above and beyond with the expansion of their charging infrastructure.

    The growth of EV industry pushed for geographical expansion of CHAdeMO. In 2017, ten new countries successfully installed their first CHAdeMO charger: Andorra, Barbados, Bulgaria, Georgia, India, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Philippines, Serbia, and Uganda.

    Another great achievement was the publication of the 200kW (max 400A) specifications, followed by a successful connection test and demonstration. By implementing this protocol members will be able to develop high-power EV chargers that enable vehicles to be charged at a higher rate, catering to the increasing EV battery size. Furthermore, anticipating the diversifying charging needs of larger variety of EVs, CHAdeMO is working on a 400kW (max 1kV) protocol, which will be released early 2018.

    Makoto YOSHIDA, Secretary General of CHAdeMO Association, commented, “Our plug being identical in any geographical region, with the emergence of second-hand EV market developing in different parts of the world on top of the new CHAdeMO EVs coming to the market, we expect the demand for CHAdeMO to stay strong. In view of the warning from IEC/ISO, we have reviewed the safety measures of CHAdeMO and feel confident that our technology provides safety, interoperability and is future-proof.”

    1. kpvleeuwen says:

      Tesla has two types of incompatible supercharger plugs. There is no such thing as a worldwide Tesla standard. Unfortunately.

    2. GSP says:

      Great post Tony. Very informative.



  8. Nate says:

    What a mess.

  9. Nate says:

    Average consumer will be put off by these standards, pin configurations, adapter talk, and anacronyms.

  10. Didier says:

    Availability is nice, but another big issue is power. Most CHAdeMO are 50 kW or less while all Superchargers are more than 100 kW. And 100 kW CCS are also quite difficult to find on the road…

    And in some part of the world there is AC fast charging thanks to Zoé 44 kW AC charging capability. It is a bit less fast than 50 DC but the charge station cost a fraction of the price to buy and maintain.

  11. Re-Volted says:

    Tesla brought some of this on itself by offering free charging to all its cars but the m3. Would prefer 1 plug with software deciding who pays and how.
    How about adapted charging and multiple style plugs with fees that make it easier to build a network.

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