EV Sales By Fast Charging Standards; The “Big 3” Converge – 2017 Edition

MAR 2 2018 BY MARK KANE 38

CHAdeMO-compatible cars still are sold in higher volume than cars compatible with CCS Combo or Tesla fast charging standards.

Combined Charging System (CCS)

EV Sales Blog compiled plug-in car sales data to see how the situation has progressed for CHAdeMO, CCS Combo and Tesla Supercharging (excluding China’s GB/T).

As always, here we need to explain the following:

  • CHAdeMO is worldwide standard (all the CHAdeMO-equipped cars are compatible with all the CHAdeMO chargers)
  • CCS Combo – occurs in two versions (Combo 1 & Combo 2). The Combo 1 is used in North America and South Korea, while Combo 2 is promoted in most of the rest of the world. The cars with Combo 1 are compatible only with chargers with Combo 1 plugs, and the same concerns Combo 2. In other worlds, those are similar, twin, but incompatibile standards.
  • Tesla Superchargers – also occurs in two versions. First is proprietary for North America (and some other markets), while the second is based on the European Type 2 AC plug, but modified to handle 1-phase, 3-phase and DC charging. Cars and Superchargers in North America and most of the rest of the world are incompatible (at least until someone will not modify them). This is one of the problem when importing used Tesla from U.S. to Europe.

The results over the first nine months of the year 2017:

  • CHAdeMO – 126,475 (580,959 total)
  • Tesla Supercharging – 103,122 (286,750 total)
  • CCS – 85,475 (201,601 total)
  • Chinese GBT – excluded from the comparison

The battle is getting hot this year. CHAdeMO will be supported by the surging new Nissan LEAF. CCS will be supported by a growing number of BEVs. And Tesla standards will get support from Model 3 sales.

Read Also – Porsche Dealerships In U.S. To Get 350-kW Fast Chargers For Mission E

Here is a graph showing cumulative results to date:

All-time Worldwide DC Fast Rechargeable Electric Cars Fleet (estimated) – EV Sales Blog data

Source: EV Sales Blog

Categories: Charging

Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply

38 Comments on "EV Sales By Fast Charging Standards; The “Big 3” Converge – 2017 Edition"

newest oldest most voted

And then there’s the fact that (with an expensive accessory) a Tesla can use CHAdeMO. I suppose that might rate an asterisk on the CHAdeMO column, or something.

And an asterisk that with an adapter you can use a Tesla wall charger with a CCS L2 vehicle.

All this gets really confusing to the average driver used to just pulling in to a gas station and refueling.

We gotta get a single common standard if we want EVs to succeed.

Just refueling? At least in Europe you usually find four types, two gasoline and two diesel. Gasoline is easier because of the octanes, but diesel is usually very confusing (one of them is just more expensive).

Honestly, I don’t see a problem with three adapters for charging, compared to current refueling infrastructure

Oh, please…

And Natul Gas too into the mix in Europe and Brasil

Also, methanol powered cars in Brazil.

Brazil has a lot of ethanol cars “E98,” and I think all of the Gasoline sold there is 25% ethanol (“E25”).

They probably have methanol cars too, but not near as many.


At the very least you can’t make a mistake. I know a person who accidentally poured diesel into their Lexus. The car traveled a short while then broke down.

There’s also E85 (ethanol) available.

Yeah, thank God that gas stations do not have this issue. Otherwise, they would have pumps that have different hoses for leaded, non-leaded, e85, diesel, etc.

You need a second asterisk to mention that the Tesla adapter doesn’t work yet with the Model 3.

Other than chademo, all adapters work with M3.

Tesla currently supports J1772 AC charging but not the CCS DC version. They will eventually.

CCS is supported by the largest number of manufacturers. I have felt that Nissan made a big mistake staying with the old CHADemO design. So we have a world standard CCS getting a late start and two independent connectors one supported by Nissan and the other by Tesla. CCS will eventually dominate.

CHAdeMO, Chinese GB/T and Tesla (all with CAN communication) EVs and chargers totally outnumber CCS (PLC communication). The real mistake was the failure to adopt CAN.

Right, maybe this is why there is no reliable ccs charger and car pair in existence. Did the big auto intentionally break ccs 1.0?

Why would it be mistake for Nissan to stay with worldwide standard that it used for many years and jump to a mess of regional standards, different in each market Nissan sells into? And jump right now, when these regional standards did not even reached most of the new car sales yet?

I dread if CCS becomes the only standard. It is like ignoring USB and standardizing around Parallel Port.

The CCS connector is a total mess. They should have started from scratch while they still could. Instead they made the “FrankenPlug” to be backwards compatible with J1772 despite most current cars couldn’t even use CCS anyways.

Now, CCS is just bringing us further into the rabbit hole.

I’m with you, Nissan should push CHAdeMO all the way they can, CCS should die or improve a lot.

That’s weird – I think of it the other way around. CCS is AC and DC charging combined in a single plug. Chademo is DC only and you need a separate plug for AC charging.

Chademo and J1772 need to die, and I say this as a Leaf owner. CCS Combo 2 is the technical superior standard which supports everything from 10A outlet AC charging, through to 350 kW DC.

It may be relevant that I’m Australian and we have had no firm standards on plugs here until recently – also a limited range of EVs where almost every vehicle was different. Fortunately we have settled om CCS Combo 2 as the preferred port with some allowances for Chademo support for legacy vehicles.

I’d like to see the US-specific chart considering the only Chademo car left here is the Leaf.

Outlander is not sold in US?

It is now.

Kia Soul EV also has CHAdeMO in USA.

That’s changing with the new 200+ mile Kia Kona, which is moving to CCS in Korea and in the US and Europe.

Kona is not a Kia but yeah same folks.

Bollinger and Teslas, plus the legacy EVs (i-MiEV, RAV4 EV, Fit EV).

It would be interesting the see a chart without PHEVs. 😛

And the i3s, e-Golfs, e-Up!s and Bolts that are not equipped with DC charging inlets ? Count the real number of DC charging inlets in the market, the gap between CHAdeMO and CCS will be much bigger.

CCS also has to define that Combo2 is the world wide standard. It was just plain stupid to allow Combo1 and Combo2. That is one area where CHAdeMO does it better, they are world wide compatible.
Australia is setting the standard for Combo2 (I believe), which will be a problem for older vehicles that have Combo1. Fortunately there are virtually no CCS DC chargers here, so long as they only import Combo2 on the vehicles and built Combo2 chargers, shouldn’t be too much of a problem.
J1772 is also going the way of Europe where you bring your own cable. So the change from J1772 version 1 to J1772 version 2 shouldn’t be too big a problem either.
None of this would have been an issue of CCS standards body had mandated the Combo2 in the first place.

Of note CCS Type1 (US) and CCS Type2 (EU) are not the same connector.

It’s like the difference between CHAdeMO and GBT (used in China). The software protocols are the same (CANBUS), but the pins configuration on the connectors differ.

BTW: for those not paying attention … the plug type war is over. All public DC charging location in Europe and N.America will install only DC stations with both CCS (Combo) and CHAdeMO connectors.

It is very far from over. Tesla is leading the way with the only well-distributed DCFC network, but only Tesla cars can use Tesla Supercharger DCFC stations.

It won’t be over until all EV makers are putting the same plug receptacle on their cars. Gasmobiles using unleaded fuel have standardized fill pipe openings, and eventually plug-in EVs will all have standardized plug receptacles.

The world has several major DC fast charge protocols throughout the world: * CHAdeMO – worldwide ? * GB/T – China ?? * CCS-Combo 2 – Europe ?? ?? ?? ?? * SAE-CCS-Combo 1 – North America ?? ?? ?? * Tesla Supercharger and Megacharger – ? The CHAdeMO Association just put out the following statement: 770,000 compatible cars 17,700 stations worldwide 7,133 Japan 6,060 Europe 2,290 USA 2,018 Asia 182 – other 1) 50% growth in Europe and 30% world-wide, CHAdeMO infrastructure continues to expand its network, serving 775K plug-ins in the world 2) Membership base continues double-digit growth 3) 200kW protocol (CHAdeMO 1.2) published and 400kW protocol (2.0) revision on-going 4) CHAdeMO continues to expand its global reach; 10 new countries got their first CHAdeMO in 2017 CHAdeMO Association closed yet another very successful year in 2017. Not only have all fronts of the business of its members and collaborators grown, but it has also successfully consolidated its position as the international market leader. New chargers sprang up everywhere in the world, and the number of CHAdeMO chargers grew by 30% last year, reaching a global total number of 17 700. An even bigger rate of increase was… Read more »

Tesla has two types of incompatible supercharger plugs. There is no such thing as a worldwide Tesla standard. Unfortunately.

Great post Tony. Very informative.



What a mess.

Average consumer will be put off by these standards, pin configurations, adapter talk, and anacronyms.

Availability is nice, but another big issue is power. Most CHAdeMO are 50 kW or less while all Superchargers are more than 100 kW. And 100 kW CCS are also quite difficult to find on the road…

And in some part of the world there is AC fast charging thanks to Zoé 44 kW AC charging capability. It is a bit less fast than 50 DC but the charge station cost a fraction of the price to buy and maintain.

Tesla brought some of this on itself by offering free charging to all its cars but the m3. Would prefer 1 plug with software deciding who pays and how.
How about adapted charging and multiple style plugs with fees that make it easier to build a network.