Concentration of Plug-in EVs Relative to US Population By State – Graphed

DEC 15 2017 BY MARK KANE 50

Image above: PEV Registrations per 1,000 People by State, 2016 (source:

The US DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy has presented another unique way to look at the adoption of plug-in vehicles in the US, by charting the concentration of plug-in vehicles relative to the population in 2016.


Tesla Model S and Model X at the factory in Fremont, California

Six out of the 50 states reached a level of 2 plug-ins per 1,000 people or better.

The top plug-in market for the country is, as expected, is California with 6.65 EVs per 1,000 persons.

  • California – 0.665%
  • Hawaii – 0.380%
  • Washington – 0.304%
  • Oregon – 0.291%
  • Vermont – 0.238%
  • Georgia – 0.218%

Mississippi ‘leads’ the reluctant states, with the lowest result of just 0.015%.

“In 2016, there were six states with more than two plug-in vehicles (PEVs) registered per 1,000 people. California had the highest concentration of PEVs with 6.65 PEVs per 1,000 people. Hawaii had the second highest concentration with nearly four PEVs per 1,000 people followed by Washington and Oregon with about three PEVs per 1,000 people. Vermont and Georgia round out the top six with over two PEVs per 1,000 people. Mississippi had the lowest concentration of PEVs, but all 50 states and the District of Columbia had at least some PEVs. PEV registrations within a state are influenced by many factors, including state and local incentive programs, charging infrastructure, and fuel pricing.”


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50 Comments on "Concentration of Plug-in EVs Relative to US Population By State – Graphed"

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Good info. Some states have the wrong color, FYI.

I see New Jersey and Connecticut, and Long Island should of course be the same color as the rest of New York.

DC’s box looks weird but I think it is actually the right color.

DC wrong color, and Florida too.

Florida would be significant, it would visually join GA for a high spot in the South.

Also, the mapmaker ate away Maryland’s part of the DelMarVa peninsula 🙂

In short, back to the drawing board?

ps: IMHO a more meaningful chart is PEVs per 1000 passenger/light-truck vehicles, not per capita, b/c the current chart confounds two variables: how many vehicles people have overall, and how many of those have gone electric.

Couldn’t be bothered to use one of the dozens of mapping tools that will overlay the colors as a function of the number in that state thus guaranteeing accuracy…i presume

@Assaf said:


I agree with that.


“PEV Registrations per 100 Vehicle Registrations by State” & include an accumulative metric for entire USA.

That would be a great visual metric for InsideEVs to keep updated and linkable from their top-menu bar because its perhaps the most meaningful metric to measure the progress of EV adoption.

A Europe map would also be good.

This metric would put into simpler perspective the vast amount of legacy ICE vehicles that will (not if) be phased out by EVs. It also puts into perspective the gigantic market opportunity for those EV car makers that best position themselves to take advantage of that huge market opportunity… the windfall for those car makers is much larger than currently appreciated by market analysts including Tesla’s current high evaluation.


“@Assaf said:” should read

@Assaf said: “…a more meaningful chart is PEVs per 1000 passenger/light-truck vehicles, not per capita…”

if I am understanding the graph correctly… as of 2016 there were ~261,000 in California.

Not too shabby! As for the rest of us slackers…

~23,000 in Florida
~22,000 in Washington
~20,000 in Texas
~20,000 in New York
~11,000 in Oregon

…the rest of us have some work to do!

The whole point of the numbers was to normalize based on population. Washington and Oregon are doing very well. WA especially as they are not a CARB state and the manufacturers had no incentive to bias sales there. By your logic Norway would be a slacker too.

Chill! 😉 I was just curious what the numbers added up to. I am not actually shaming anyone.

Oregon and Washington are both doing very well!

States like Texas (my state), Florida and New York are underperforming for their size. Of course, they also have the most potential since their populations are so much higher.

Regardless… all states, even California, have a lot of room to grow! 🙂

WA has some incentives and cheap electricity. If they had even a reasonable fraction of CAs incentives we’d have a huge number of EVs here.

California leads in trendiness, plain Jane USA follows like a stepchild.
If Model 3 California Waitlist evaporates to Zero Before Dec 2018, there will be blood (red ink).

No reason for concern, since that won’t happen.

Yep, and if aliens from the Andromeda Galaxy come and gift us dark energy powered teleporters, Tesla’s stock would also be in trouble.

Wow, what a revealing chart! Thanks!

The graph actually has about 20 years of smoothing, if you model full fleet rotation over that period. Most relevant to the industry would be current year ‘percent of sales’. There, we wouldn’t be looking at 1 in 1,000 figures. We’d see CA at ~3 in 100, and the rest of the country averaging closer to 1 in 100.

It still basically works.

Woohoo! I’m part of 0.665 percenter! Suck it, 99.335%. Too bad my income doesn’t match my EV enthusiasm…

But your savings Do!

Thank God for Mississippi!

(Says the West Virginia EV driver 🙂

Amen, says another WV EV/PV enthusiast! Of course, the Eastern panhandle is almost like another state compared to coal country WV.

On the map it is Alabama which have 0.015%, not Mississippi…

You might want to re-check your geography

This is surprising. Even California doesn’t get to 1% EV.
I would like to see this map extended to Canada. Is Quebec above California in term of EV proportion ?
And where Norway would be situated… 250 per 1000 ?

This is total cars registered, not new car sales.

If an average car lasts 20 years, then a year of 1% EV sales only adds 0.05% to total EV penetration. This is why oil consumption will keep growing for many years.

@Doggydogworld said: “..If an average [ICE] car lasts 20 years…”

Keep in mind history shows disruptive technology often greatly shortens the normal life cycle of legacy product.

True, but in addition the average car age is 11 years, not 20. It’s the beginning of the end of the age of oil.

….but an average car doesn’t last 20 years. In the US it is about 10.5 years. On top of that the majority of miles driven are on vehicles less than six years old. Also young people who tend to drive older cars will/are the first to migrate to a shared model. They are paying a premium now for the convenience of Lyft et al but when AVs are prevalent will migrate quickly based on cost considerations.

Oil consumption might grow worldwide, but the increase in CAFE standards over the years should already put oil consumption into decline in the U.S. EVs are just the next and largest step in that trend.

Yeah, and while that’s interesting, it needs comparison with new sales numbers to get an indication of what’s going on.

I would think in this day and age it would be possible to provide an interactive chart with a ton more information. Values could be mapped to a colour scale with much higher resolution and such a map could have at least county-level, if not finer, resolution. With Hans Rosling-style animation to show how things develop over the time dimension. Now THAT would be worthy of a permalink!

These are last year’s numbers. I wouldn’t be at all surprised to see CA get very near 1% (if not over) overall this year, even with the big derp from Tesla on the Model 3.

I would. Boosting the fleet share by half a percentage point in just one year takes a 10% share of new car sales. San Jose maybe, but CA as a whole? Not even close.

I am in Arkansas, and I have a Volt and a Pacifica Hybrid. I am feeling like I am most of the .21. haha!

I wonder if some of the low percentages are related to a lack of infrastructure there compared to other places, thus making plug-in ownership more of a chicken and egg issue.

But California is 48th in ratio of plugins to public chargers. Next theory.

I think chargers per capita might be more relevant.

Anyways, the more important infrastructure might be dealers willing to sell EVs. I don’t know how many of those there are in Mississippi but I’m imagining one each from Chevrolet and Ford. Hard to move a lot of lithium that way.

State incentives are directly correlated to those numbers.

Yup. Notice how strongly Georgia contrasts with its neighbors, as a result of that State’s strong, and sadly now ended, EV incentive.

When users are few, distance between chargers is more relevant than users per charger. At this stage it’s a question of being able to charge, even though many will never or almost never use it.

In time, when the number of users is higher and the basic requirement of geographical coverage is satisfied, it makes sense to look at number of chargers – although waiting time is better, if available, since it’s possible to misallocate the resources. In other words, the infrastructure in one region may be superior to another despite having more capacity in theory, if for instance many chargers are stupidly located (say, at dealerships!)

Looks like the electoral college map. The Blue States might one day become swing States. We just need to sent more Californians to Texas and Florida.

The Green States have massive ex Californians.

Why would this information be presented in the format of EV per inhabitant instead of EV per driver?

Or even a more relevant EV share of registered vehicles?

Like US election maps, this would be more telling to have county level results. When viewed by county there is rarely a blue state vs red state, they are all mostly purple.

If you looked at WA for example, the Seattle metro area of Puget Sound would probably be very green, but the east side of the state would be closer to the beige color.

It’s the same in Southern California. Most EV owners live outside the city of LA. The inland empire and the high desert are very beige.

The High Desert might be beige, but not the IE. Plenty of EVs out here, though certainly not quite as many as in the LA area.

Most EV out in the 909 are from other counties.

If there is a comparison to the 2015 Map or Even the 2014 Map of some of the same data points might be neat?

Looks like some of the numbers went up a little bit.

I have to say that I am surprised that Hawaii is actually that low.
I would think that it is much cheaper to have an EV on the islands, rather than oil based.
As such, the islands should have strong incentives for getting EVs there.

And Tesla really should consider adding 2 SCs spots on the big island. So many ppl gripe about it, that it is likely hurting sales. And easy enough to add solar to it.

Electricity in Hawaii is about twice as expensive as the national average, and Hawaiians have to get permission from their local electric utility to install home solar; permissions which being issued much more slowly than requests come in.

I’d say it’s good to see that EV adoption in Hawaii is as strong as it is despite these handicaps!

HECO doesn’t have a net metering program anymore so you need storage to make it work. Considering their electric and gasoline costs, pv and ev combo will be worth it in the long run but many don’t have the initial investment $ or a way to get it. It’s the killing of net metering that stopped everything in its tracks.

Yeah, that is why it would have been smart for America to encourage AE/nuke to islands, along with EVs.

I curious about Georgia’s relatively higher rating than the surrounding states. Atlanta driving that number?