Tested: Real-World Range Of 8 Of Europe’s Most Popular Electric Cars
German AutoBild tested in December eight of Europe’s most popular electric cars (but didn’t include the Nissan LEAF, Tesla and BMW i3) in cold weather to determine their real-world range and efficiency.
Each car was fully charged and pre-heated. With heating set for 21 degrees C (70 degrees F) and the driver’s heated seat on for 20-minutes (if available), the cars drove a 143 km route.
It turns out that efficiency highly varies between the models, so battery capacity alone won’t provide a solid indication of cold weather range.
The Hyundai IONIQ Electric is the most efficient model among the eight – needs only 14.6 kWh/100 km. Range was 192 km (119 miles) using 28 kWh of battery. That’s just a few miles below the EPA result.
The Renault ZOE and new Volkswagen e-Golf were able to achieve decent results too – 16.8 kWh/100km and 17.2 kWh/100km, respectively.
Apart from big Nissan e-NV200 Evalia, the worst results came from the Volkswagen e-up! and Opel Ampera-e. The e-up! with 18.7 kWh and 23.8 kWh/100km didn’t even complete the route.
The Opel Ampera-e (60 kWh) with the biggest battery was able to drive just 11% further than the Renault ZOE (41 kWh). Efficiency in cold weather for the Ampera-E was just 22.0 kWh/100 km! Range of 273 km or 170 miles is certainly far below expectations.
||Efficiency kWh/100 km|
|Hyundai IONIQ Electric||28||192||14.6|
|Kia Soul EV||30||167||18.0|
|Smart ForTwo Electric Drive||17.6||84||21.0|
|Nissan e-NV200 Evalia||24||101||23.8|