Europe Charted: Sales Of All Forms Of Electrified Vehicles Up In 2018

SEP 30 2018 BY MARK KANE 16

There is no single market where plug-in sales decreased.

We dig deep into plug-in electric car sales in Europe, based on the registration data from ACEA for the first half of the year. Here’s what we found.

The total volume increased over 42% to 183,285 in the European Union and EFTA (Norway + Switzerland) at an average market share of 2.1%. Of course, there are tremendous differences between countries – in volume, in market share, in the pace of growth and in the proportion of BEVs to PHEVs.

The graphs below are what we get when sort the results by volume in each category (total, BEVs and PHEVs). In general, you can notice that BEVs/PHEVs split is typically moderate, but in some countries like Sweden, UK or Finland – PHEVs dominates sales, while in the Netherlands, BEVs are the way to go.

Total plug-ins + BEVs: 183,285 (up 42.3%)

  • 54% sales in top three countries

Passenger plug-in electric car registrations in Europe in H1 2018 (source: ACEA)

BEVs: 88,286 (up 38.7%)

Passenger all-electric car registrations in Europe in H1 2018 (source: ACEA)

PHEVs: 94,999 (up 45.9%)

Passenger plug-in hybrid car registrations in Europe in H1 2018 (source: ACEA)

* Some numbers estimated, unavailable or include hydrogen fuel cell vehicles.

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16 Comments on "Europe Charted: Sales Of All Forms Of Electrified Vehicles Up In 2018"

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Slovakia 100% BEV. That nice 😀 Also, Hungary is surprising, kinda big market for electric cars.


Of course not. BEVs number includes PHEVs, its an error in data submission, obviously. PHEVs have more than 50% share in here. Greetings from Bratislava.


Surprise with Spain, forward Italy, a bigger market.


It would be interesting to see if anyone is reporting or studying the impact these sales have on oil companies and the gasoline/diesel distribution network. BEVs are certainly a disruptive technology, but I haven’t seen anyone report on the level of disruption.


Good question.
Hopefully, most who are aware of the electric impacts to FF markets have already divested.


The problem is that you need to separate sales and total car in a country. If you look at Sweden PHEV and BEV stands for 6,7% sales this year and last year it was 5,3%. But if you look at the share of total registered cars on the road its less then 1,5% still. Even if sales will continue to rise I believe it will take some time before we can see that it effects gasoline and diesel usage. For the first 7 month gasoline use have fallen but diesel use have increased more so the total oil use in transport in Sweden is going up, part of that probably because of that trucks use diesel and now then the economy in the world is doing great it becomes a lot of transportation.
In Norway we should start to see changes but I don’t have any numbers there.


Even in Norway gas sales aren’t declining currently. Around 5% of the cars on the road do have a plug, but the total increase of cars on the road have vanished that advantage. In the Netherlands for example around 0,3% of alle vehicles on the road are fully electric. But the total amount of cars on the road has increased 9,3% since 2010! The amount of company cars has inceased with 17,3 since 2010, that doesn’t help either. But in Norway we’ll see declining gas sales really, really soon.


I think the impact is none. Because there are more cars than never almost all of them, ICE cars.

We must to wait some years for that.

For example, in Spain the EVs are less than 1% in sales…. the representation in the national total of vehicles is near zero.

John Doe

There is almost no impact – even in Norway..
It takes time to weed out gassers, AND there is still a lack of EV models and EVs in general.
There are waiting lists for almost all models on the market.. That is insane.
And it will be that way until 2020-2022, depending on incentives. . If all incentives was removed, EV sales would drop like a stone, and it would take even longer.
When cheap EVs arrive, volume sales will start for sure.
Also, the van and truck market is important to electrify, since these vehicles drive really long distances.
A friend drives a double decker tourist bus from Denmark to Spain, and they swap drivers on the way. 2 days down, 2 days up, 2 days down and so on. It is driving between 1-2 million km, and they swap engine. Then they drive 1-2 million km, and they sell the bus for local transport or what ever.
Imagine the fuel that runs through a huge bus like that.
When they can run electric, and most smaller cars too – the fuel will mainly be for special equipment, planes and stuff like that.


I’d like to report they didn’t get £1000 out of me last year that’s including the fuel tax though 🙂 Nissan Leaf 8000miles


Excited to see how this changes with a better availability of BEVs, espeacially non-premium cars.


Remember how much EVs Estonia used to sell back in 2011/12?


Mark, would you clarify the first chart? The blue is labeled as “all plug-ins” whereas the green is “BEVs only”, but that can’t be right since for some countries the green bar is longer than the blue. I assume blue is PHEVs? If so, please fix.
Otherwise, nice article, it’s good to see the various numbers graphed this way. Only chart I’d add is the % of cars with plus per country, not just overall.
The best piece of news is that overall for Europe, plug-ins are >2% of registrations. IMO 3% is the point after which trend will accelerate very quickly, so looking forward to that happening within 1-2 years.


I’ll second the request for some more clarity and easier comparison of trends.


Nice and enlightening work. If you are some time, maybe it would be very interesting to do the same thing comparing BEV / Plug-in cars sales with population of each countries. Norway would go even higher than any other countries, but some small countries could be a surprise, even poorer countries.


Croatia is an EU member too, you know.