Today, Ford, SK Innovation's SK On, and Koç Holding announced the signing of a non-binding MOU to create one of Europe’s largest commercial vehicle battery production sites in Turkey.

The plan is to build a new battery gigafactory with an annual manufacturing capacity of about 30-45 GWh, near Ankara, Turkey.

The purpose of the joint venture is to supply batteries for Ford's commercial vehicles, which are expected to be produced in high volume at Ford's facilities in Turkey. Read more about Ford's electrification plan for Europe here.

SK On, Ford, and Koç’s joint venture will build a new EV battery plant near Ankara, Turkey

The battery chemistry will be SK On's high-nickel NCM (nickel, cobalt, manganese) lithium-ion type.

Let's recall that SK On is Ford's main EV battery supplier right now, which provides the NCM9 batteries (that contain 90% nickel) for the Ford F-150 Lightning.

Ford previously announced a plan to secure 240 GWh of annual global EV battery capacity by 2030. Most of that (up to 170-185 GWh) will come from SK On:

  • SK On’s second plant in Georgia, US: 11 GWh 
  • Ford and SK Innovation's SK On joint venture (BlueOvalSK): 129 GWh
    1) Stanton, west Tennessee - Blue Oval City (43 GWh) - 2025
    2) and 3) Glendale, central Kentucky - BlueOvalSK Battery Park (2x 43 GWh) - 2025
  • New JV in Turkey: 30-45 GWh
  • Total: 170-185 GWh or 70-77% out of 240 GWh total

"Ford plans to have 240 GWh of global battery capacity by 2030 and a fair amount of it will come from SK On Ford will source 140 GWh needed in North America from “BlueOval SK”, the joint venture it will form with SK On with plants in Tennessee and Kentucky, that has annual capacity of 129 GWh, and 11 GWh from SK On’s second plant in Georgia.

The remaining 100 GWh will be sourced from Europe and China with 30-45 GWh coming from the new plant of the joint venture between SK On and Koç, which amounts to in total more than 70% (170-185GWh) of Ford’s planned global capacity of 240 GWh."

Ford, SK Innovation's SK On and Koç Holding battery jv in brief:

  • Location: near Ankara, Turkey
  • Partners: Ford, SK Innovation's SK On and Koç Holding
  • Target volume: 30-45 GWh battery cells annually
  • Start: 2025
  • Purpose: batteries, mostly for Ford's commercial vehicles
  • Battery chemistry: "high-nickel NCM (nickel, cobalt, manganese) battery"

SK On global battery ambitions

SK Innovation's SK On intends to become one of the largest EV battery suppliers, setting a goal to reach 220 GWh/year by 2025 and 500 GWh/year by 2030.

According to the latest press release, the cumulative orders already reached 1,600 GWh as of the end of 2021, which - considering the current manufacturing capacity - means "years" of production.

"SK On is speeding up establishment of global production bases not only by creating joint ventures with external partners but also by building its own plants. The company is operating plants in Korea (Seosan), the U.S. (Georgia), China (Changzhou and more) and Hungary (Komarom). Its second plant in Yancheng, China and its plant in Ivancsa, Hungary will being their operation before 2025.

SK On aims at growing into a true global battery supplier with total capacity, coming from the joint ventures and its own production bases, of 220 GWh and 500 GWh by 2025 and 2030 respectively."

A new map reveals how big the investments are in more and more new plants:

SK On's plan to secure global battery production bases
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