The latest comparison provided by the U.S. DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy illustrates how big the difference is between China and other big markets.
In 2018, more than 1 million plug-in electric cars were sold in China at an average of 8.1% market share. Most of those cars were BEVs. In the case of Europe, it was 386,000, while the U.S. was 3rd at 361,000 (both at an average of around 2% market share).
The combined total of light-duty all-electric vehicles (EV) and plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) sold in China in 2018 was over 1 million, or 8.1% of the light-duty vehicle market there. This compared to 386,000 plug-in vehicles sold in Europe and 361,000 plug-in vehicles in the United States – about 2% of the market in both places. Europe’s plug-in vehicle sales have been nearly equally split between EV and PHEV since 2015, while more EV than PHEV have been sold in China and the United States.
Sources: China - Data summarized by Argonne National Laboratory from Hewu WANG, Xu HAO. Data Base of Electric Vehicle Production in China, State Key Laboratory of Automotive Safety and Energy, Tsinghua University.
Europe - European Alternative Fuels Observatory.
United States - Argonne National Laboratory, Light-Duty Electric Drive Vehicles Monthly Sales Update Program, March 25, 2019.