As we head into February, let's take a look at how EV sales are moving along in the U.S.

February marks the 41st month of consecutive year-over-year monthly sales gains for plug-in vehicles.

Each month InsideEVs tracks all plug-in EV sales/deliveries for the United States by automaker. While January showed notable year-over-year growth, deliveries were down as expected. We anticipate much the same situation this February 2019.

More Info: Updated deep dive into our estimates and methodology

If history repeats itself (and we believe it will), February sales will be way down as compared to the last several months, though potentially up slightly from January. Early months have never been so hot for EV sales. However, there are many variables involved. We are first to admit that as any year wears on, we get a better grasp of the situation. However, early in the year, we don't have a solid idea how things might pan out. This year the variables are even greater since the Tesla Model 3 has now made its way overseas.

Thus, we continue to streamline our sales reporting processes. Over the course of this first quarter, we'll work to get a solid grasp of the situation and adapt as expected. Please continue to bear with us as we work hard to sort it all out and transition as needed.

Top Months for U.S. EV Sales to Date (estimated):

  1. December 2018 – 49,900
  2. September 2018 – 44,544
  3. November 2018 – 42,588
  4. August 2018 – 36,347
  5. October 2018 – 34,074

An estimated 361,307 plug-in electric vehicles were delivered in the U.S. in 2018. Of course, we expect that number to rise in 2019. However, as stated above, the first several months of 2019 (like that of 2018) may leave us a bit uneasy. The Model 3 pulled an exorbitant amount of weight in 2018. But sadly (although expectedly), it has left us for overseas markets. With that being said, we should be happy for Tesla's global presence, but we should also realize that overall U.S. monthly sales figures will be down month-over-month, especially during the first few months of each quarter.

Of course, we've already dealt with a slew of Tesla haters, stock short sellers, and mainstream media saying Model 3 sales took a massive nosedive from some ~25,000 sold in December to a measly 6,500 in January. But, they're just looking at U.S. sales and not the bigger picture. Clearly, diminishing demand is not the case, but it's becoming much more clear that U.S. shoppers were waiting for the $35,000 Standard Model 3, which just launched on February 28. Hopefully, that means sales will rise substantially in March (if Tesla can pull off its four-week or less delivery pursuits), as well as at the end of each subsequent quarter, much like the current situation with Tesla's Model S and Model X.

In January, almost all newly produced Model 3 sedans were in transit to Europe and China. That continues to be the case in February, even moreso, but at least we've reported that those cars are now arriving regularly overseas and being delivered abroad. Still, there were some projected 11,000 inventory cars awaiting delivery on our shores, 6,500 of which we estimate were delivered in January. Our research suggests Tesla has been delivering the remainder of those models since the first month of the year, in addition to a handful of recently produced product. Fortunately, it appears the automaker planned ahead with the extra inventory to help fill U.S. deliveries while building cars for other markets.

It will take some time for Tesla to streamline its efforts and figure out how to handle global markets with the Model 3, along with the car's U.S. demand, before this all levels out. So, as we see it, Tesla delivered an estimated:

5,750 Model 3 sedans in the U.S. this February, in addition to some deliveries in Canada and a growing number of cars in Europe and China. So, while Model 3 deliveries in the U.S. are down once again month-over-month, this was reported and anticipated. As far as we can tell, Model 3 deliveries overall on  a global level are impressive to say the least. Moreover, year-over-year sales are up significantly, and that's the metric the rest of the automotive industry focuses on when reporting growth.

Our U.S. Model S and X estimates stand at 800 and 1,100, respectively.

As we've repeatedly informed, GM has decided to discontinue monthly sales reporting, so we provide you with estimates each month and then reconcile (if needed) at the end of each quarter.

Based on our data collection, GM delivered 1,225 Bolt EVs and just 615 Volts in the U.S. in February 2019.

Nissan LEAF sales for the month of January were down from prior months, but way up year-over-year. 2018 was an interesting situation since 2018 U.S. LEAF production was delayed as the upcoming car was just coming to market. Looking back historically, Nissan sold 772 LEAFs in January 2017 in the U.S., and 775 in January 2016. So, the month's numbers were not far off. Moving into February sales are suffering again:

The automaker reported deliveries of a just 654 LEAFs in the U.S. last month.

The Toyota Prius Prime has continued to make waves in the PHEV department in terms of overall U.S. EV sales. However, numbers are still down compared to last year. But, of course, Toyota seems saddened by the Clarity PHEV topping its Prius Prime sales. So, it joins other automakers in not reporting splits. All we know for sure is Toyota delivered 3,661 Prius vehicles. Yet another sad day for EV sales.

All we can provide you at this point is a decent estimate with no prior research. We assume about 1,205 Primes were sold in the U.S. in February 2019. We can safely project that launching the Corolla Hybrid made some impact. 

The Honda Clarity Plug-in Hybrid kicked it up a notch in 2018. It was the best-selling plug-in hybrid vehicle on our shores in October and December, thus giving the Toyota Prius Prime some real competition. In January 2019, the Clarity continued to prevail. Moving forward to this February, results are a wee bit more promising, since Honda reported selling 10 more vehicles from the Clarity family than it did in January.

Honda Clarity deliveries in the U.S. in February amounted to a reported 1,281, according to the automaker. According to Honda's report to InsideEVs, total Clarity PHEV deliveries hit 1,213 in the U.S. this February.

Keep yourself tuned in and refreshing the pages during the coming days as we put the numbers to the dialogue.

Questions entering February (with answers in italics as they come in):

  1. How will overseas deliveries continue to impact Tesla Model 3 U.S. deliveries? (As expected, Tesla is delivering most Model 3 vehicles overseas, though some previous inventory, along with a handful of new builds seem to be arriving in U.S. driveways.)
  2. How is the U.S. federal EV tax credit affecting Model S and Model X sales? (Sales are somewhat stagnant as expected, but in the first two months of any quarter, Tesla is shipping its vehicles to global markets. This is not much different from past situations.)
  3. Will the Honda Clarity Plug-in Hybrid continue to top the Toyota Prius Prime as the U.S. PHEV sales leader? (It seems so, but we're in the process of reaching out to Toyota for official Prime numbers. Meanwhile, Honda has shared with us that it sold 1,213 Clarity PHEVs last month.)
  4. How did Chevrolet Volt sales work out in the car's final month of production? (Not well.)
  5. GM increased Chevrolet Bolt EV production to increase inventory. Has it helped sales? (Not to any significant degree. But, our estimates show 1,225 Bolt EVs delivered in the U.S. in February, which is respectable for sure.)
  6. How will the  2019 Nissan LEAF Plus (e-plus) impact Nissan LEAF U.S. deliveries? (Very much, as shown by diminishing LEAF sales.)
  7. Has Jaguar found success with another notable increase in U.S.-based I-Pace sales? (Not really.)

Also of note this February:

  • Toyota reported delivering just 94 Mirai vehicles in February.
  • According to Honda, it didn't sell any Clarity FCEVs last month.

Last update: March 4, 2019 @ 3:50 PM ET

*Keep in mind that we use the words sales and deliveries synonymously. In order for a car to count as SOLD, it has to be paid in full (or leased) and be in the possession of the consumer. To further clarify, pre-orders, pre-sales, deposits, reservations, etc. don't count as sold or delivered.

*On year-over-year of monthly sales improvements: We know someone is going to look at the chart and say, “Hey, only ~11,467 sales were made in May 2016, when 11,540 were logged in 2015! What gives InsideEVs?” What gives is – through an odd scheduling quirk, only 24 selling days were reported in May 2016 (versus 26 in 2015).

***InsideEVs' journalist Wade Malone provided in-depth, detailed, and heavily researched sales estimations and related analysis.


(Previous year’s monthly results can be found on our Historical Charts page)


UPDATE: Beginning in 2019, we're archiving our model recaps page and will no longer update it. We've found that much of the information no longer applies going forward, and very few people seem to be visiting the page. Additionally, the most pertinent information about top-selling models is always present in our monthly report card, as substantiated above. We've also moved to publishing several sales reports each month with information pertaining to multiple models in the U.S., as well as abroad.

To view our Archived Individual Plug-In Model Sales Recap For Major Models, click here. It contains an individual run-down of each vehicle’s monthly result and some analysis behind the numbers.


2019 Monthly Sales Chart

2019 U.S. EV SALES JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC TOTAL
Tesla Model 3 6500 5750                     12,250
Honda Clarity PHEV 1192 1213                     2,405
Toyota Prius Prime* 1123 1205                     2,328
Chevrolet Bolt EV 925 1225                     2,150
Tesla Model X 950 1100                     2,050
Tesla Model S 875 800                     1,675
Nissan LEAF  717 654                     1,371
Chevrolet Volt* 675 615                     1,290
Ford Fusion Energi 557 573                     1,130
Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid** 436 589                     1,025
BMW 530e* 376 414                     790
Kia Niro PHEV* 279 505                     784
BMW i3 (BEV + REx)  255 350                     605
BMW 330e* 216 185                     401
Jaguar I-Pace  210 186                     396
Audi A3 Sportback e-tron* 175 210                     385
Porsche Panamera E-Hybrid* 150 160                     310
Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV 133 157                     290
Mercedes C350e* 140 145                     285
Volkswagen e-Golf  164 118                     282
Volvo XC90 T8 PHEV* 95 105                     200
Volvo XC60 PHEV* 90 100                     190
Mercedes GLE 550e* 92 95                     187
Porsche Cayenne S-E* 65 95                     160
Fiat 500e**  72 87                     159
Mercedes GLC 350e* 74 72                     146
Honda Clarity BEV  78 68                     146
smart ED  83 58                     141
Hyundai IONIQ PHEV* 73 54                     127
Mini Countryman SE PHEV* 50 63                     113
BMWX5 xDrive 40e* 71 38                     109
Volvo S90 T8 PHEV* 35 45                     80
Hyundai Sonata PHEV* 4 71                     75
BMW i8 23 47                     70
Hyundai IONIQ EV 34 32                     66
Kia Optima PHEV* 30 11                     41
BMW 740e* 6 14                     20
Mercedes S550e* 8 10                     18
Hyundai Kona Electric* 0 16                     16
Cadillac CT6 PHEV* 8 1                     9
Mercedes B250e  1 2                     3
Kia Soul EV 0 1                     1
Ford C-Max Energi 0 0                     0
Ford Focus Electric  0 0                     0
2019 U.S. Sales Totals 17,040 17,239 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 34,279
2018 U.S. Sales Totals 12,009 16,845 26,443 19,623 24,307 25,029 29,598 36,347 44,544 34,074 42,588 49,900 361,307
2019 Worldwide Sales* 159,468 111,541                     271,009
2018 Worldwide Sales* 82,000 81,000 141,000 128,450 159,346 160,894 144,975 175,362 206,500 214,800 237,553 286,367 2,018,247

Above - 2019 Monthly Sales Chart For The Major Plug-In Automakers – *Estimated Sales Numbers – Reconciled on Monthly or Quarterly Totals, ** Estimated (Based on State/Rebate Data and other reports). BEV models are designated with the icon.