Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Mirai is now one of the most important products for Toyota, as the Japanese company finally decided to bring its first fuel cell cars to the market.

After the launch event last night, we found a lot of new data on this car in the video briefing.

Price, date

Toyota will begin sales in Japan in less than a month, on December 15. The price there is set at 7,236,000 yen including tax (~$62,000).

In the US, the price will be slightly lower - $57,500 or $499 per month/36 month lease option, with $3649 due at lease signing:

"When it hits the market in 2015, customers can take advantage of Mirai’s $499 per month/36 month lease option, with $3649 due at lease signing, or purchase the vehicle for $57,500.  With combined state and federal incentives of $13,000 available to many customers, the purchase price could potentially fall to under $45,000."

After deducting incentives, Toyota expects a price of $45,000!

In Europe, the launch is scheduled for September 2015 - UK, Germany and Denmark.

"Markets: UK, D, DK for 2015, more markets to be added for 2017

Price: around 66,000 € + VAT (Germany)"

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Volume

Sadly we still can't treat Mirai as a series production car, because in the first year Toyota would like to sell just 400 of them and already gathered in Japan orders for 200. There will be long waiting time in the beginning.

Toyota began developments of FCV in 1992, before Prius hybrid, so it took 23 years to slowly commercialize. This is a low pace for sure..

In California, the plan is to deploy 3,000 units on the roads by the end of 2017! The first will appear in the fall of next year.

"Mirai will hit the streets of California in the fall of 2015.

Volume will be restricted during the fourth quarter, to less than 200 vehicles, but will steadily increase, totaling more than 3,000 units by the end of 2017."

In Europe, the number of deliveries will be even lower:

"Annual volume: 50 – 100 cars/year in 2015 and 2016"

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Crash test validation

Toyota presented at the press conference a short crash test video and stressed that hydrogen tanks were not even deformed.

Toyota Mirai H2O button

Toyota Mirai H2O button

H2O button

Mirai will be equipped with special H2O button to release the water - just in case you are thirsty or would like to show your friends how green the car is (sort of).

4 seats

Asked about just 4 seats, while Honda released a 5-seat concept car at the same time (with fuel cell stack under the hood), Toyota stated that Mirai will be more of a luxury car with comfortable rear seats.

External power feeding device

We saw in the first video that there is a CHAdeMO inlet shown that could supply electricity.

Toyota seems to have some cooperation with Honda in this matter, as both companies stated capability of supplying up to 9 kW DC power from the car (via CHAdeMO) to the external inverter (an optional power take off (PTO) device), which will turn it to AC and enable the car to power electrical appliances or maybe even a whole house.

With a full tank of hydrogen, Mirai should be able to provide approx. 60 kWh of energy so you could survive (with a working fridge) a few more days than others when the zombie apocalypse strikes.

Toyota Mirai - CHAdeMO in the trunk

Toyota Mirai - CHAdeMO in the trunk

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

No lithium-ion batteries

Toyota stays with Nickel-metal hydride NiMH batteries for Mirai.

Performance

With 113 kW of motor power on the front wheels and 335 Nm of torque, Toyota Mirai can go up to 111 mph (179 km/h) and 0-60 mph takes 9.0 seconds. The fuel cell stack has maximum power output of over 114 kW.

Range is about 300 miles and it takes 3 minutes to refuel.

Interesting is curb weight of Mirai at 4078.5 lbs (some 1,850 kg), which means that fuel cells don't have a weight advantage over EVs. Nissan, for example, could add more battery capacity into the LEAF and still stay within the same weight and price tag of Mirai.

Fuel cell stack weight is 123.5 lbs (56 kg), while the hydrogen tank's weight is 192.9 lbs (87.5 kg).

Toyota Mirai under the hood

Toyota Mirai under the hood

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai - rear seats

Toyota Mirai - rear seats

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai interior

Toyota Mirai

Toyota Mirai

Press release:

"2016 Toyota Mirai Fuel Cell Sedan Product Information

TORRANCE, Calif., (Nov. 17, 2014) – For the second time in a generation, Toyota has re-imagined the future of mobility.

The Toyota Mirai is a four-door, mid-size sedan with performance that fully competes with traditional internal combustion engines – but it uses no gasoline and emits nothing but water vapor. The groundbreaking fuel cell electric vehicle is powered by hydrogen, re-fuels in about five minutes, and travels up to 300 miles on a full tank.

Mirai will be available to customers in California beginning in fall 2015, with additional markets tracking the expansion of a convenient hydrogen refueling infrastructure. Powered by an industry-leading fuel cell electric drivetrain and supported by an exceptional 360-degree ownership experience, Mirai marks a turning point for consumer expectations for a zero-emission vehicle.

Making its Mark with Performance In its basic operation, a fuel cell vehicle works much like a battery electric vehicle. But instead of the large drive battery, Mirai’s fuel cell stack combines hydrogen gas from tanks with oxygen to produce electricity that powers the electric motor.

Toyota’s proprietary fuel cell stack represents a major leap forward in performance, delivering one of the world’s best power outputs of 3.1 kW/L at a dramatically reduced size that fits under the front driver and passenger seats. The system provides Mirai with a maximum output of 153hp, accelerating from 0-60 in 9.0 seconds and delivering a passing time of 3 seconds from 25-40 mph.

What’s more, thanks to fuel cell technology’s versatility and adaptability, the Mirai offers performance options that go well beyond a traditional automobile. In fact, the vehicle will be offered with an optional power take off (PTO) device that enables Mirai to serve as a mobile generator in case of emergency. With the PTO accessory, Mirai is capable of powering home essentials in an average house for up to a week in an emergency – while emitting only water in the process.

Safe and Reliable Transportation Toyota began fuel cell development in Japan in the early 90s and have developed a series of fuel cell vehicles, subjecting them to more than a million miles of road testing. In the last two years alone, fuel cell test vehicles have logged thousands of miles on North American roads. This includes hot testing in Death Valley, cold testing in Yellowknife, Canada, steep grade hill climbs in San Francisco and high altitude trips in Colorado. The Toyota-designed carbon fiber hydrogen tanks have also undergone extreme testing to ensure their strength and durability in a crash.

This extended legacy of research and development is reflected in Mirai’s safety and reliability.  At Toyota’s advanced Higashifuji Safety Center, the vehicle has been subjected to extensive crash testing to evaluate a design specifically intended to address frontal, side and rear impacts and to provide excellent protection of vehicle occupants.  A high level of collision safety has also been achieved to help protect the fuel cell stack and high-pressure tanks against body deformation.

Mirai will also feature a broad range of standard onboard safety technologies, including vehicle pre-collision, blind spot monitor, lane departure alert, drive start control and automatic high beams.

Focused on the Consumer Toyota believes that outstanding vehicle performance must be matched by an exceptional ownership experience.  And Toyota is committed to delivering on that promise.

When it hits the market in 2015, customers can take advantage of Mirai’s $499 per month/36 month lease option, with $3649 due at lease signing, or purchase the vehicle for $57,500.  With combined state and federal incentives of $13,000 available to many customers, the purchase price could potentially fall to under $45,000.

The vehicle will be matched by a comprehensive, 360-degree Ownership Experience offering a range of services, including:

  • 24/7 concierge service, with calls answered by a dedicated fuel cell representative;
  • 24/7 enhanced roadside assistance, including towing, battery, flat tire assistance, trip interruption reimbursement, and loaner vehicle;
  • Three years of Toyota Care maintenance, which covers all recommended factory maintenance, up to 12,000 miles annually;
  • Eight-year/100,000-mile warranty on fuel cell components;
  • Entune and three years of complimentary Safety Connect, including hydrogen station map app; and,
  • Complimentary hydrogen fuel for up to three years.
Building a Convenient Refueling Infrastructure In addition, Toyota continues to support the development of a convenient and reliable hydrogen refueling infrastructure.

Research at the University of California Irvine’s Advanced Power and Energy Program (APEP) has found that 68 stations, located at the proper sites, could handle a FCV population of at least 10,000 vehicles.  Those stations are on their way to becoming a reality. By the end of 2015, 3 of California’s 9 active hydrogen stations and 17 newly-constructed stations are scheduled to be opened to the general public, with 28 additional stations set to come online by the end of 2016, bringing the near-term total to 48 stations.

Nineteen of those 48 stations will be built by FirstElement Fuels, supported by a $7.3 million loan from Toyota.  The company has also announced additional efforts to develop infrastructure in the country’s Northeast region.  In 2016, Air Liquide, in collaboration with Toyota, is targeting construction of 12 stations in five states – New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Connecticut, and Rhode Island."

And here we have specs:

TOYOTA MIRAI vs FCHV-adv TECHNICAL SPECIFICATIONS

This table provides technical specifications for the Toyota Mirai with comparative values for the previous SUV-based FCHV-adv fuel cell vehicle. Toyota previously made FCHV-adv available in very limited numbers as a lease vehicle.

FUEL CELL STACK

TOYOTA MIRAI

TOYOTA FCHV-adv

Type

Polymer electrolyte fuel cell

Polymer electrolyte fuel cell

Humidification system

Internal circulation

External humidifier

Max. output (bhp/kW)

153/114

121/90

Volume-power density (kW/l)

3.1

1.4

Mass-power density (kW/kg)

2.0

0.83

Volume (l)

37

64

Weight (kg)

56 (cells + fastener)

108

Cells Number in one stack

370 (single line stacking)

400 (dual line stacking)

Thickness (mm)

1.34

1.68

Weight (g)

102

166

Flow channel

3D fine mesh

Straight channel

Separator material

Titanium

Stainless steel

MOTOR
Type

AC synchronous electric generator

AC synchronous electric generator

Max. output (bhp/kW)

152/113

121/90

Max. torque (Nm)

335

260

HIGH-PRESSURE HYDROGEN TANKS
Number of tanks

2

4

Type

Type 4

Type 4

Structure

3-layer

-

Materials

Inner layer – plastic

Middle layer – carbon fibre-reinforced plastic

Surface layer – plastic

-

Fuel

Compressed hydrogen

Compressed hydrogen

Max. filling pressure (MPa)

87.5

70

Nominal working pressure (MPa)

70

-

Storage density (wt%)

5.7

4.7

Total internal volume (l)

122.4 (60 front, 62.4 rear)

156

Hydrogen storage mass (kg)

Approx. 5.0

-

Combined tank weight (kg, not including valve)

87.5

-

Refuelling time (min)3

Approx. 3

-

BATTERY
Type

Nickel-metal hydride

Nickel-metal hydride

FUEL CELL BOOST CONVERTER
Number of phases

4

-

Max. output voltage (V)

650

-

Volume (l)

13

-

PERFORMANCE
Cruising range (miles – approx.. figure prior to homologation)

300

-

Fuel consumption

Tba

-

Max. speed (mph)

111

96

Acceleration 0-62mph (sec)

9.6

-

Acceleration 25-44mph (sec)

3.0

-

Cold start temperature tolerance (deg C)

-30

-30

DIMENSIONS AND WEIGHTS
Length (mm)

4,890

4,735

Width (mm)

1,815

1,815

Height (mm)

1,535

1,685

Wheelbase (mm)

2,780

-

Track – front (mm)

1,535

-

Track – rear (mm)

1,545

-

Min. ground clearance (mm)

130

-

Interior length (mm)

2.040

-

Interior width (mm)

1,465

-

Interior height (mm)

1,185

-

Seats

4

5

Kerb weight (kg)

1,850

1,880

Coefficient of drag (Cd)

0.29

Broadcast live streaming video on Ustream

Here is a link to the video site.