How A Nissan Leaf (Inadvertently) Climbed 5100-Foot Artist Point Without A Sweat

2 years ago by Assaf Oron 13

Artist Point sits 5,100 feet above sea level, on a low saddle between the spectacular 10,781-foot Mt. Baker, and the lesser-known, but no less spectacular, 9,131-foot Mt. Shuksan. Among locations reachable via paved road, it is one of the most impressive natural panoramas in North America.

Baker Shuksan Map

Artist Point On The Map

But Artist Point remains a bit of a local secret, considering its beauty. Why?

July 2012: clearing the Artist Point parking lot, with Mt. Baker in the background (source: WSDOT).

July 2012: clearing the Artist Point parking lot, with Mt. Baker in the background (source: WSDOT).

So these are some of the reasons or excuses, why in nearly 12 years in Seattle, we had never made it to Artist Point (we did hike once on the southern slopes of Mt. Baker, which are approachable from another direction). On the occasion of my sister and her family’s visit from Israel – also the first in 12 years – we finally got there last July. And we ended up doing it in our brand-new 2014 Leaf!

I kinda realized, as we drove up, that this might be a bit of a big Leaf-bragging deal. Then I had the honor of meeting Tyrel Haveman of 1500-mile fame at this year’s Drive Electric Week event, and learned that it’s an even bigger deal that I thought! Tyrel lives near Bellingham, the starting point of Mt. Baker Highway. According to him, until this summer only a few Leafs tried to climb the mountain, and had to turn around before reaching Artist Point. What makes the climb challenging besides the steepness and altitude gain, is that charging-wise there’s nothing except trickle between Bellingham and Artist Point. Steve Coram, doubtlessly the Northwest’s leading Leaf Lunatic, made it to the Austin Pass visitor center (4400 feet) with his family – within a couple of miles and 700 vertical feet of the destination – but that’s where they got the ‘Very Low Battery’ alert. They too had to turn around, and even needed to trickle-charge on the way back.

Enter… us.

An Unusual Two-Family, Three-Car Trip


My sister and brother-in-law had meticulously planned their trip to the US this summer. When you have 4 kids and each round-trip ticket costs… well, a lot, it’s an ocean and two continents away… you want to pack all you can into the experience. So, among other things, they pre-ordered a week’s rental of a 30-foot RV to go around our beautiful state.

This being my wife’s busy season, we could not go with them the entire week. Lucky for us: the first two days in Mount Rainier, they got totally rained out, couldn’t even see the mountain. Their plan to make a loop east of the mountains was also scuttled by the huge wildfires raging there in July. So they inched their way north and visited the North Cascades National Park. We decided to meet them even further north for the final two nights, and use the occasion to finally get to Artist Point. Given that they spent a couple of nights wild-camping without a hookup, I looked for the full-hookup site closest to the mountain. According to our camping Bible, Camping Washington, this was Silver Lake County Park, rated at 4 out of 5 stars. I reserved a full-hookup double site there for two nights.

Here’s the kicker: at that point we were still planning to leave the Leaf at home. We have another car, a beat-up 2001 Hyundai Santa Fe. Its AC stopped working in 2012. Its “Check Engine Light” is permanently on. Every half-hour or so, it gives off an ominous odor. We stumbled into EV world inadvertently in 2012, looking for something more green to replace that clunker. But then we decided to leave it around, not knowing what life with a Leaf would be like. We use the Santa Fe so little, that in our 2nd Leaf year we put the Santa Fe into “insurance storage”, meaning we have to call the insurance company before we want to move it. But we un-stored it for summer 2014, both for our son’s driving practice (what’s better for practice than a beat-up car that’s terrible to drive?) – and for camping.

See, range issues aside, being a family of 5, two of them teenage boys about my size, and a not-small dog to boot, there is no way to fit our bulky camping gear into a Leaf, short of placing something huge on the roof (which would further hurt range, but we might try it some day). So the original plan was to drive the Santa Fe to meet my sister’s 30-foot RV at the campground. In short, the perfect vehicle-meetup for two families considering themselves environmentally conscious 🙂

Then we remembered my sister needs to return the RV in Everett, some 2 hours drive from the campground, rather early in the final morning, and find some way to get to Seattle from there. We realized it would be a more pleasant day for all of us, if we bring 2 vehicles along. I checked the distances. With the 2012 Leaf we’d just returned, getting to the Bellingham QC would be a stretch; but according to all specs, the new 2014 we leased should get there, especially now that I knew the trick about taking it easy on the accelerator. We made the decision to take the Leaf only the morning of the trip, or the night before.

The view from our hike above Chuckanut Drive

The view from our hike above Chuckanut Drive

Since we never just drive straight to the campground if we can help it, we planned a hiking trip on the way, whose trailhead is off Chuckanut Drive, a scenic alternative route to Bellingham that goes right on the coast. Before we set out of Seattle the Santa Fe had to fill up on gas. Great, I thought, it will give me a chance to slowpoke the Leaf at 55-60 MPH (thus increasing its range), and she’ll catch up to me. But the Santa Fe never caught up to us, we needed to wait for them on Chuckanut Drive.

We did our hike, then rolled into the Bellingham QC, symbolically 84 miles from our home (84 miles is the 2014 Leaf’s EPA range), and with 14 miles still showing on the GOM. We needed to stop anyway: for coffee, and also to buy some extra groceries for the camping. Remember how in May, someone just beat us to a QC spot? Well this time someone arrived a few minutes after us, just as we hooked up (in retrospect I could have been gracious and cede our spot to him, because our coffee+grocery stop ended up taking more than an hour). While he waited for his turn, he told me he’d once tag-raced Steve Coram for quick charging along I-5, with Steve beating him to the first charger, then him pulling a devious trick and beating Steve to the next one. Don’t know if the story’s true, but another testament that EVs are one big family 🙂

The drive from Bellingham up to Silver Lake was uneventful, except that we used the opportunity (Sunday evening but still daylight, quiet roads) to get our 17-year-old some highway driving experience with the Leaf. We got to Silver Lake with 47% SOC. Having seen the 2014 Leaf in action getting to Bellingham, I was confident we can just leave the Santa Fe parking at camp, and take the Leaf up to Mt. Baker the next day. We easily trickled it to 100% overnight.

Our route approaching Artist Point: B - trailhead on Chuckanut Drive, C - Bellingham QC, D - Silver Lake County Park, and E - Artist Point. (A was Seattle)

Our route approaching Artist Point: B – trailhead on Chuckanut Drive, C – Bellingham QC, D – Silver Lake County Park, and E – Artist Point. (A was Seattle)

The Big Day


The next day, after canoeing in the lake, we drove towards the mountain. The campground is at 800 feet, but the road meets the main highway at 500 feet. According to that nifty Leaf Range Chart, every 1000 feet of climb takes away one “Bar” or 1/12th of the battery, so with some 4600 feet to climb (from 500 to 5100) we’re talking about 35%-40% “vertical charge attrition”. The road distance from camp to Artist Point was Googled at 38 miles. We can definitely do 38 miles even on 60% battery, but to do the full 76-mile round trip we’ll need some of the battery back via regen. The same Leaf Chart claims at least one-half recuperation on the downhill, which should be enough. But will we get it?

We set out with two kids and a dog in back. Despite my big-picture confidence, I was still a bit timid and took it easy on the uphill, occasionally travelling a few MPH slower than other cars and letting them pass us. Ten miles from the end, we were still well above 60% SOC. Then there was a sign about winding steep roads, and the climbing and hairpin-turning began in earnest. Now everyone was going the same speed, except for trucks and motorcycles. Just like the day before with the Santa Fe, my sister’s family with the RV had a dump errand before setting out, so we were way ahead of them. As we stopped at a viewpoint to admire Mt. Shuksan (which at this point we had mistaken for Mt. Baker), we could hear them climbing: their engine noise literally filled the ravine.

Stopping at ~4000 feet to admire Mt. Baker... which turned out to be Mt. Shuksan.

Stopping at ~4000 feet to admire Mt. Baker… which turned out to be Mt. Shuksan.

We stopped at Austin Pass, walked the nature trail there and had a picnic lunch. Then, a couple more miles and a 700-foot final climb, and we were at Artist Point. Mt. Baker which was hiding throughout the climb, suddenly jumps into sight. The views all around… unbelievable. You literally don’t want to leave. We walked the Artist Ridge trail, still mostly snow-covered in late July, then back to the parking lot. We took a commemorative picture… next to the RV, not the Leaf.

panoramic view from the top Artist's Ridge, with Mt. Baker on the right and Mt. Shuksan on the left. (click to enlarge)

panoramic view from the top Artist’s Ridge, with Mt. Baker on the right and Mt. Shuksan on the left. (click to enlarge)

Group photo near the RV; Mt. Baker got burnt out of the background

Group photo near the RV; Mt. Baker got burnt out of the background

At Artist Point the Leaf was showing 32% SOC, and a scary (though not surprising) 14 miles on the GOM. Coming down (with ECO on and the gear in B), we gained a very healthy additional 16% over the first 10 steep miles. Steve Coram in his Baker blog post, reported gaining only 24 GIDs or ~8%. I wonder whether the 2014’s regen has been quietly upgraded, or it’s just a luck of the draw. We made it back to camp with 34%, driving at normal speeds the whole way; so the entire return trip was “free”! Also, the round trip ended up being 72 miles, and consuming a bit less than 2/3 of the battery, so our full-battery efficiency that day was around 110 miles. And the only thing we did different from ICE driving, was being a few MPH slower along some stretches on the first part of the uphill. Having so much battery left also meant that trickling it back up to 100% for the drive towards Seattle the next day, was again easy.

How about Documentation? And… Did We Cheat???


Proof?

Proof?

Ok… so far you only have my word that we did it. In typical fashion, I forgot to take a victory shot of a Leaf surrounded by snow banks at the Artist Point parking lot, with Mt. Baker in the background.

And even though the parking was nearly empty when we took that family shot near the RV, where the heck is our Leaf? Or is it… perhaps… Yes, right behind our 15-year-old son’s head, is the unmistakable profile of our silver 2014 Leaf. Here:

Ok, I was pulling your leg a bit. Here’s an interior shot I did remember to take, about a quarter-mile after starting down. The snow all around very visible; you can also spot the 14-mile GOM on the dashboard.

Inside the LEAF

Inside the LEAF

The record-setting question is “Does This Count?” The challenge is apparently stated as Bellingham-Mt. Baker and back. Starting from Silver Lake, we had a 20-25 mile head start compared with starting within Bellingham city limits. But here’s the deal. We weren’t there to set a record. We were just taking our car, which happened to be a Leaf – and knowing it can do it – on a trip and having a good time. And we found a way in which everyone with a 2013 or newer Leaf can do it. So count it or not, I’m happy either way.

The Take-Home Message


In principle, we could have tried reaching home on a single charge on the final day, and joining the 100-mile club in the process: it’s 104 miles from Silver Lake to our home, with a bit of downhill and a lot of side-road driving. But again, this trip wasn’t primarily about setting Leaf records. We were taking care of 7 kids that day, and wanted to stop somewhere nice on the way back. So we went into Lake Whatcom for a midday dip (at a place marked ‘Park’ on the map, which ended up being just a public-access reachable via a rogue footpath; still fun). This added ~10 miles to our trip. Then we needed lunch… which we had at the one restaurant available in the Burlington Outlet complex, which is – you guessed it – where the best-situated QC spot is located. As usual, the Leaf filled up long before we did, and from there it was an easy 60 miles back home. Overall we did a little over 300 miles in 3 days, with two QC stops and two overnight trickle-charging.

Our CARWINGS driving history for July 2014. We only got the car on the 12th. The trip was 27th-29th.

Our CARWINGS driving history for July 2014. We only got the car on the 12th. The trip was 27th-29th.

The nicest thing about doing this trip with the Leaf was, it felt so normal! The Leaf was accompanied by an ICE vehicle the whole time (either the Santa Fe or the RV), but we never held the ICE vehicle back due to charge or range. The bottom line is, just like my previous post about our 2012 Leaf exploits: if you’re an ordinary Leaf driver, your Leaf can probably do way more than you think it can. Keep this in mind when you plan trips.

In particular, Mt. Baker via Silver Lake is an easy and enjoyable camping trip for families with a Leaf. Thanks to the QC infrastructure along I-5, you can reach this trip from pretty much anywhere in the Pacific Northwest. Maybe we just lucked out on a trip in which all the stars aligned. But I feel there are more and more opportunities like this out there. Someone should start putting together an online book of EV trips, don’t you think?

Tags: , , , , ,

13 responses to "How A Nissan Leaf (Inadvertently) Climbed 5100-Foot Artist Point Without A Sweat"

  1. Alan C says:

    Great job, and great post! It’s encouraging to see more posts like these that seem to “stretch” what people think an EV could do. Thank you for sharing!

    1. Assaf says:

      Thank you Alan!

  2. Sean H says:

    Great article on how functional a Leaf can actually be. It does highlight the need for well placed QCs though, being in Ontario Canada we are so limited in practical longer distance trips due to the lack of QC infrastructure.

    1. Assaf says:

      Thanks Sean! Yes, QCs are essential, but in a way this post highlights the great potential of using full-hookup campgrounds as an anchor point for exploring natural areas. Many have done it before us, but it’s still surprising what an elegant solution this provides for the “Artist Point Challenge”.

      Also, inspired by comments on Facebook: it won’t hurt the Mt. Baker ski resort (with lodges a 3500 and 4000 feet) to install several L2s at each lodge. This should enable most BEVs to reach the resort, and in the summer the range-constrained ones can use the chargers as a leverage to get to Artist Point.

      1. Marshal G says:

        I just went to Artist Point last weekend in my gf’s gas car. The engine was straining to get up some of the steeper climbs. The whole time I kept thinking how awesome it would be to do that drive in my Leaf! Unfortunately, even from Bellingham I don’t think I could make it all the way up and back.

        I think that’s an outstanding idea, putting a charger at the lodge. Somebody needs to set up a Kickstarter to make that happen – I’d be good for $100 or so.

  3. Mark Yohai says:

    it was great to relive the experience through your post. this was indeed one of the highlights of our trip and we are greatful to you for facilitating it. the leaf was a real trooper to offset the polluting dinosaur RV we were driving.
    highly recommended !!

  4. nate says:

    Enjoyed your story and pictures Assaf.

    Your pictures remind me of a family trip we did in our Volt exploring Mt. St. Helens and Mt. Ranier at the for a few days at beginning of August. I believe that was within about a week of when you took this trip. Great time to be up in the Cascades.

    I like this part:
    “..this trip wasn’t primarily about setting Leaf records. We were taking care of 7 kids that day”.

  5. Brian says:

    Once again, great “normal” family trip! Thanks for sharing with us.

    The two main take-aways from this experience are the importance of QCs and the utility of camp sites with power hookups. Here in the northeast, we have almost no QCs, but there sure are plenty of campsites around!

  6. Elroy says:

    I had a very similar trip on Sunday traveling from Glendale, California (522 Ft elevation) to Mount Wilson Observatory (5623 Ft) . Only problem is my 2012 Nissan LEAF is down to 83% battery capacity. The vehicle has 19,600 miles on it. Has 230 DC quick charge sessions on it, and a maximum capacity of 17.3kWh, after a full L2 charge. Remember, out of 17.3kWh, my usual range in town on a full charge is about 52 miles to LBW. So taking a 56 mile round trip up to the more than mile high Mount Wilson Observatory was a scary proposition.
    After quick charging at Glendale Nissan, we left the dealership with 15.4 kwh of battery capacity. I wanted to top off with a level 2 charger, but simply was running out of time before the park closed. Going up to Mount Wilson with the car fully loaded with my entire family, (3 and 5 year old kids in the back) became a scary event as the battery bars fell at an alarming rate while climbing the Angeles Crest highway. With the low battery warning flashing a few miles from the top, we were debating whether or not we should turn back. Determined to not make this trip a failure, I was motivated to make it to the top somehow. The battery went from 15.4kWH to 2.9kWH remaining in only 28 miles of driving, while using 12.5 kWh. Meaning I averaged a lousy 2.24 mi/kWh on my way to the top. Although scared, I had confidence going downhill with regeneration I would be able to make it back down the summit and back down the freeway to Glendale Nissan.
    I was pleasantly surprised. I went from barely 1 charge bar leaving Mount Wilson, to 2 bars and 4.3 kWh remaining capacity arriving at Glendale Nissan. I also realized I maintained my 4.1 mi/kWh trip average even with the Mount Wilson climb. Surprisingly, if you look at the fact that I did 56 miles on only 11.1kWh (15.4-4.3), you can see I averaged 5.04 mi/kWh on the drive up and down the summit. I am beginning to notice that the net yield on some of these hill climbs is a better than my average overall economy. Seems strange, but I have noticed the same thing on some of my canyon climbs off the Pacific Coast Highway over the Santa Monica Mountains.
    So this entire trip this last Sunday was 160 miles from my home, it involved using the DCQC four times, and yielding an average of 4.1 miles/kWh. And the day before on Saturday I went 215 miles to Ontario and back. So I drove 375 miles of all electric driving this weekend. Not too shabby for a range impaired LEAF! With a 2013+ LEAF with full battery capacity, you could make this trip regularly without a sweat.

    1. Elroy says:

      I forgot to mention, I was even more apprehensive given there are no charge sites up on the mountain. No cell phone reception. And I didn’t even bring my stock EVSE.

      1. Assaf says:

        Wow Elroy, an amazing adventure! Probably worth its own post with pictures 🙂

  7. Steve says:

    That was a great read, Assaf! An inspiring story that makes me want to drive (and charge, and drive some more).

    1. Assaf says:

      Thanks for pitching in Steve. I was wondering whether you’ll notice the story, in which your name somehow popped up quite a few times…

      Looking forward to meet you on the road some day!