2013 Nissan LEAF MPGe Rating Jumps To 130 City And 102 Highway

5 years ago by Jay Cole 24

2013 Nissan LEAF Gets A 17% Boost In EPA Efficiency Numbers - 130 City/102 Higway

2013 Nissan LEAF Gets A 17% Boost In EPA Efficiency Numbers – 130 City/102 Higway

The 2013 Nissan LEAF, which is shortly arriving at a dealership near you, has received (at least on paper) a large efficiency upgrade by the EPA.

In a statement by Nissan, complete with legal disclaimers aplenty:

Projected MY13 EPA Fuel Economy Estimate 130 city, 102 Highway. Nissan testing results are subject to EPA confirmation. Based on EPA formula of 33.7 kW/hr equal to one gallon of gasoline energy, EPA rated the LEAF equivalent to 130 MPG measured as gasoline fuel efficiency in city driving, and 102 MPG in highway driving. Actual mileage may vary with driving conditions – use for comparison only.

 

Cutaway Of 2013 Nissan LEAF

Cutaway Of 2013 Nissan LEAF

As a point of reference, here is how the 2013 LEAF stacks up against the 2012:

2012 LEAF 106/city, 92/highway, for 99 MPG combined

2013 LEAF 130/city, 102/highway, for 116 MPGe combined

The temptation of course is to take that 16% and just gross up the 2012’s 73 miles of range to 85 miles, but that is likely not in the cards, as more recent electric vehicles to hit the market like the Fiat 500e and Fit EV (and now the 2013 LEAF) are being tested on the EPA’s new 5 cycle test.  We expect something more like 78 or 79 miles.

Still the new efficiencies put in place in the 2013 LEAF have put it close to the top of the class.  Other vehicles rated by the EPA as a comparison

  • 2013 Scion iQ EV 138/105 – 121 MPGe
  • 2013 Honda Fit EV 132/105 -118 MPGe
  • 2013 Fiat 500e 122/108 -116 MPGe
  • 2012 Mitsubishi i-MiEV  126/99 – 112 MPGe
  • 2013 Smart forTwo ED 122/93 – 107 MPGe
  • 2013 Tesla Model S (60kWh) 94/97 – 95 MPGe
  • 2013 Tesla Model S (85kWh) 88/90 – 89 MPGe
  • 2012 CODA sedan 77/68 – 73 MPGe
  • 2012 Ford Focus Electric 110/99 – 105 MPGe

Naturally, when we saw the MPGe efficiency numbers had been released, we immediately pestered the good people at Nissan for the updated range specs:

“Nothing yet but it has to be soon.” – Nissan’s Director of Corporate Communications

We will let you know as soon as they become available.

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24 responses to "2013 Nissan LEAF MPGe Rating Jumps To 130 City And 102 Highway"

  1. Brian says:

    It is often overlooked that MPGe considers energy from the WALL, not from the BATTERY. This subtle difference means that the charger is absolutely included in the equation. We know that Nissan integrated many of the electronics, including the charger. There is likely efficiency gained there over a COTS (commercial off-the-shelf) unit they were using. We also know that they are now offering a 6kW charger. The MY11 and MY12 Leafs have a constant overhead while charging, making a large difference in efficiency at 120V or 240V. They may have reduced this overhead. Or just by virtue of charging faster, it may be less of a factor.

    The bottom line is, don’t expect a 17% increase in range in the real world. (The EPA tests will be difficult to compare side-by-side due to the change in the test)

  2. GeorgeS says:

    Jay,
    I’m way confused now.(again, somemore). I thought we already speculated about a range increase based on a range increase of 12% or so on the Japanese driving cycle??? How does this mesh up w/ that.

    1. Jay Cole says:

      We don’t know any hard numbers yet. If you took the Japanese bump (from the JC08 cycle) and applied it directly here, we would see 81.5ish in range in the US. However, just looking at the facts/data that we have now, I think it will come in a little lighter than that 8-9% tops.

      We’ll know soon enough, (=

  3. David Murray says:

    I think if they can just hit 80 or better, it will make a big difference. It isn’t a lot more than 73, but it sounds like a lot more. Just like poor GM. They must be really irritated that they can’t seem to get to that magic number of 40 miles on the Volt. Sure, there isn’t a huge difference between 38 miles or 40 miles, but at first glance to many people it does make a difference. Much like people are more likely to buy something for $99.99 than they are $100. No real difference, but ask anyone in marketing and they will tell you it matters. Obviously 100 miles range would be ideal for the Leaf, as that is what it was originally intended to have. But I don’t think we’ll see anywhere near that number without a larger battery.

    1. Bloggin says:

      The Focus Electric can go 99.8 miles based on Edmonds.com real world testing results. Leaf only went 83 before it ran out of juice.

      1. Dave R says:

        The Edmunds test did not run the cars until they stopped – they ran the cars until their DTE indicators indicated 5 miles DTE and then drove a few more miles to get off the road safely.

        The LEAF is known to be pessimistic once the DTE indicator gets down to single digits.

        How the other cars fare? Unknown, but it would be a very interesting test to try to gauge how accurate each car’s DTE indicator is over the same test loop.

      2. evnow says:

        Also, they test 2012 Leaf, not 2013.

  4. taser54 says:

    I saw a maroon (cayenne) leaf on my commute today around Baltimore. He was maintaining a miserly 55 mph on the beltway. Only the 3rd leaf that I’ve seen around Baltimore. I imagine that the 2013 leaf will be more paletable to people in the Baltimore area with its greater range.

    As an aside, I wish the leaf had better colors.

  5. Bloggin says:

    The whole MPGe concept seems a bit pointless. It’s all about EV Range.

    My guess is that Nissan is trying to get ahead of the Focus EV with a EPA 76 mile range. With the Leaf currently at 73.

    But the ‘Real World’ testing done by Edmonds.com gives the current Focus EV a 99.8 mile range, compared with the Leaf at 83. So the 2013 Nissan Leaf has to get 16.8 more miles of ‘real world’ range before it catches up with the Focus Electric.

    Besides the fact that Nissan never resolved the issue with battery capacity in hot climates. Their fix was just upgrading the software so it won’t show less than 9 bars of capacity before the mileage cut off. lol

    To avoid the overheating issue, Tesla, Volt and Focus Electric all have liquid heated/cooled battery packs.

    Offering a cheaper S model with a $199/mo lease with $1999 down sounds good. Until you figure out you get the slow 3.6kw charger, and have to pay $1300 to upgrade. Which puts the lease at $245/mo.

    When you can get the loaded Focus Electric that’s faster, better driving dynamics, longer range, for just $249/mo and $2138 in Southern CA.

    1. Josh says:

      Be careful with the Edmonds.com range test. The LEAF was an older (possibly more abused) vehicle than the FFE. IMO, the Edmonds.com test is not as regimented as the EPA, and not as strenuous. In other words, I would put more trust the EPA range, as a measure of comparison.

      Battery degradation is another issue though, and we will likely need more years/miles/seasons on the road for both vehicles to see how they compare. There really aren’t enough FFEs on the road to grade the battery pack engineering.

    2. Herm says:

      MPGe is a useless number..

      Ford is not constrained by the need to make a profit with the Focus BEV, that means they can do all kind of wonderful things that Nissan cant.. Nissan is serious about BEVs

  6. Stuart22 says:

    Oh boy, Nissan just can’t seem to stop playing the sleazy car salesman in their promoting of the LEAF. Stay tuned for a revival of the ‘100 mile range’ slogan…..

    1. evnow says:

      Huh ? What part of the MPGe statement looks to you like “sleazy car salesman” ?

  7. BlindGuy says:

    I think Nissan’s mistake was promoting 100 mile range from the beginning. Eventually, people learned that you should only charge to 80% = 80 miles, then highway speeds will reduce total range and of course climate extremes and normal battery degradation also lower range = disappointment.
    I applaud MR. Palmer for taking the Leaf owners in Phoenix seriously and making improvements in the 2013 Leaf. I think Nissan is now on-track by increasing range and listening to customers. Offering more than 1 battery size or a RE would attract more customers as well JMO.

  8. JohnL says:

    I agree — at this point, RANGE is all that matters. I’d be very disappointed if the 2013 is not at 80 miles or above. If not, it is already moved to the middle or back of the upcoming range class with Honda, Fiat, Chevy etc already with more range. I’m disappointed Nissan has not taken an obvious cue from Tesla: give customers the option to buy more range. If you want to pay significantly more, batteries can be added. I think many people would pay the difference. The MPGe is already fine, again the issue here in So Cal is range. What is taking the EPA so long?

  9. As soon as we can, we will take a 2013 LEAF for a range test to compare to our numerous tests done previously on 2011-2012 LEAFs.

    1. Jay Cole says:

      That sounds good Tony, would be interested in hearing/publishing that out if you are interested.

  10. Charlie F. says:

    This is good news. The biggest difference for me is new and improved “hybrid” heater. Whatever hybrid means in this instance. There is no longer up to a 25 mpg penalty when using the heat. Very excited, there soon may be a leaf in my future!

    1. Jay Cole says:

      Agreed. For those of us in the more northern parts of the country, the improved heater will net us a lot more mileage than whatever the extra range ends up being in the winter.

    2. taser54 says:

      Just remember that it appears that that hybrid heater will NOT be available on the stripped down models of the leaf.

    3. evnow says:

      25 “mpg” ? Old habits die hard.

  11. Peter Gorrie says:

    I wonder about Edmond’s test of the Focus EV. I had one up here in Canada and it showed 125 kilometres of range starting with a full battery. That’s 75 miles. Turn on the heater, of course, and range drops like a rock. Even worse when you get on an expressway and venture over 100 kph (62 mpg). From what I’ve seen of Edmonds, it’s called real world because it’s on an actual highway, but it seems designed for EVs’ sweet spot, not real, average driving. Just saying all the numbers must be taken with a big grain of salt.

  12. Dave K. says:

    I own a 2011 Leaf and have driven it 90 miles on a charge, it’s the driver not the car. Of course that is in good conditions, warm weather, moderate speeds, gentle acceleration and braking. Range is far more of a psycological limitation than a real one anyway, when you live with an EV for a while it becomes less and less of a concern, you know what it will do and you adjust accordingly, not a big deal really. As time goes on there are more and more chargers popping up so it will become even less of a problem.

  13. Bloggin says:

    This could be an indication of the range of the 2013 Leaf from their website.

    BILL M., NISSAN LEAF® OWNER
    “Driving entirely around the island of Oahu is about 92 miles. You can get around the whole island on one charge.”