US Crosses 10 Billion “E-Miles” Driven – Facts and Graphs

APR 9 2017 BY MARK KANE 24

Plugless recently released an interesting report on the estimated cumulative miles driven for all plug-ins in the U.S.

As it turns out, we are entering 2017 with ~10 billion all-electric miles driven. Nearly 80% of the mileage was covered by the three most popular models – Chevrolet Volt (3 billion), Nissan LEAF (2.9 billion) and Tesla Model S (2.2 billion).

“Sometime around the New Year an EV driver silently drove the 10 Billionth U.S. e-mile (since 2010). Just three months later, if it hasn’t already happened, the 11 billionth e-mile will be driven.”

Our thanks to Plugless for putting together this data and graphics, so why not check out the company’s aftermarket wireless charging products for the Tesla Model S, Nissan LEAF, Chevy Volt and BMW i3.

U.S. E-Miles (source: Plugless)

Chevrolet Volt

“The modern era of electric vehicles was kicked off in earnest with the roll out of the Chevy Volt and Nissan LEAF in December of 2010. At the time, a silicon valley start-up called Tesla (née Motors) was rapidly building up to the release of its industry-changing Model S. Since then, members of that trio, the “Big 3” of EVs, have led the way in the EV market in the U.S. and dominate the total e-miles driven accounting with a full 76% of all electric miles.

Here’s how our estimated numbers shake out.

As of February 2016 the total number of e-miles driven is about 10.7 billion.

And since more than 300 Million of those e-miles were driven in February alone it’s likely that the 11th billionth is happening right about now (late March 2017).”

Volt, LEAF and Tesla Model S electric miles (source: Plugless)

The Chevy Volt has accumulated about 3 Billion of those miles (Gen 1 ~2.8 Bn and Gen 2 the remaining 200+ million e-miles). Nissan LEAF has an estimated 2.92 Billion e-miles and Tesla Model S drivers are at about 2.2 Billion e-miles.

We did account for the Volt and other PHEVs hybrid fuel nature. Below is a table of e-miles per month by EV model. Estimates are based on data from studies out of the Idaho National Laboratory and the California Air Resources Board as well as some OEM data. Check our methodology here and we welcome corrections and improvements to our estimates.

PHEV Battery-Only Range Gas Tank Size E-Miles / Month
Tesla Model X 237 to 289 1029
Tesla Model S 210 – 315 1028
RAV4 103 960
LEAF 30 107 828
KIA Soul EV 93 820
Mercedes B-Class EV 85 809
VW eGolf 125 808
LEAF 24 84 808
Honda Fit 82 807
Ford Focus Electric 100 796
Volt II 53 8.9 789
Volt 38 9.3 759
FIAT 500E 87 659
BMW i3 iREX 80 – 114 1.9 – 2.4 641
Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid 33 16.5 614

While the Volt and LEAF total cumulative miles are essentially a dead heat, why is the Tesla Model S, with its longer range (which seems to account for a larger monthly e-miles driven) lagging? It’s just a matter of time. Volt and LEAF sales began a few years ahead of the Model S and this chart shows the Model S tracking at roughly the same curve just two years later. More details here.

U.S. E-Miles (source: Plugless)

Tesla the Only EV Maker in the Big Three to Gain E-Miles Share 2016 to 2017

Taking a look at the EV fleets by manufacturer GM and Nissan have racked up e-miles at about the same rate since 2012. With the combination of Tesla Model S and Model X (and peppering in the Roadster miles), Tesla is poised to rapidly overtake the lead. It gained 3% in share of total US e-miles between January of 2016 and 2017, while Nissan and GM’s share each shrank by 3%.

Volt, LEAF and Tesla Model S electric miles share (source: Plugless)

Tesla’s continued charge forward in e-miles share is likely due to two factors:

  1. Each Tesla owner simply gets more e-miles because Teslas have the electric range to be “everything cars.”
  2. The addition of Model X e-miles is rapidly adding e-miles to the Tesla fleet (and likely to keep accelerating that growth)

U.S. E-Miles electric miles share (source: Plugless)

Out of every hundred miles driven on electricity in the US, 22 have been in a Tesla of some kind — either Model S, Model X, or Roadster. Not bad considering the 178 year combined lead that Nissan and and GM have on Tesla in automaking experience.

Tesla Could Take the Lead as Soon as 2018

Elon Musk should learn the MC Hammer dance because no one will be able to touch Tesla on e-miles driven by 2018. Chevrolet’s Bolt is projected to sell 30k over the course of 2017. Tesla is projecting a 50% increase in Model S and Model X sales. If Tesla sales come anywhere near those numbers, as they have in past years, it will keep the electric car company well ahead of Chevy. And that’s not counting the 50k+ Model 3 US deliveries predicted by Musk in 2017.

We believe transparency is good! See more on our data, sources and methodology here.

source: Plugless

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24 Comments on "US Crosses 10 Billion “E-Miles” Driven – Facts and Graphs"

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If GM is going to have any chance of staying on top for 2017, they need to get those factory fresh Bolts into customer hands. A lot of Bolt inventory appears to currently need some GM buyer “incentives”!

2018 will be the Tesla Takeover!


Interesting to see how a PHEV comes very close to BEV in e-milestone per month.

It’s either because many people stay pretty close to home or have a second car (ICE) that they use for ling trips.


Ha ha – interesting autocorrect 🙂


As a purist, it REALLY irritates me when stats compare apples to oranges.

The VOLT, though technically referred to as an EV, CAN NOT be statistically compared to the Leaf or Tesla. The first chart claims that the Volt covered 3 Billion miles. There is no way that the Volt covered a cumulative 3 Billion miles on only battery power! So why compare that to the Leaf or the Tesla that DID cover ALL their miles on battery power.

I am 1,000% in favor of EV’s, but there needs to be a little bit more refinement in the usage of the term EV. In my opinion, stats need to reflect all categories of EV’s, separately… BEV, PHEV, EREV, etc. Not just group them all into the term EV.

Any EV that uses a gasoline engine for any part of their range can not be statistically compared to BEV’s that use only battery power, unless you can measure ONLY the battery range that is uses.

It’s like comparing the range on a Boeing 747 and a Cessna 152…they both are airplanes, aren’t they????


Go read the source to see how it was done. They are not using all the Volt gas miles. You’re silly.


You spelled ‘stupid’ wrong.

Micke Larsson

Where is the down vote button?

Fundamentalists who see the world in black and white…


Clearly did not read the article.

Eric Cote

It absolutely is all battery electric miles reported for the Volt and not its gas miles.

Unlike a BEV, a Volt owner will often use their entire electric range, which is rarely the case for battery electric vehicles since a buffer is desired lest someone become stranded. This data proves how wel the Volt concept works.

Contrary to your purist beliefs, the Volt is putting more electric miles on the odometer than a BEV with over twice the range. It’s why we get frustrated when purists dismiss the concept out of hand.


Wow, I will take being informed in my Volt over being some incorrect “purist” any day…


” unless you can measure ONLY the battery range that is uses.”

Yes, Volt can easily read that.

And unlike Ford, Volt doesn’t count “hybrid mode” EV miles as its “EV only” miles.

So, it is “pure” EV miles.

Your purist view is just naive and stupid.


Who cares about being number one in this case? It’s actually surprising that the one company that only makes electric cars isn’t number one. I’m pretty sure there is no prize for being the number one manufacturer of electric miles driven.

M Hovis

Where are the fires!? Where are the dead batteries!?

Sorry to keep beating the dead horse but some still hold onto the myths. With an ICE, fires are roughly 90 fires per billion miles. EVs should be nearing 1000 fires by now but they aren’t anywhere close. Probably could not account for 100.


It’s clearly something wrong with this data, according to the diagram Volt passed 1,5 billion electric miles by mid 2015 while GM went out in August 2016 and said that the total fleet of Volt5 had passed 1,5 billion miles.

Warren M

I seriously doubt the L2 only Mercedes B class is tracking more miles than BMW i3 with DCQC


It would be interesting to see the figures for World-Wide E-Kilometres.

It would be between Nissan and Tesla, with GM well behind.


This stuff is definitely incorrect! Just a couple of months ago leafs all over the planet passed 3 billion km (1,86billion miles). No way leafs in us have been driven this much up until today. This is your own news:

Jay Cole
Not to speak to the graphs/data, but there has always been a bit of a issue with the LEAF data. Nissan just tallies the amount as reported for those who accept/opt in to the telematics system (what used to be CARWINGS)…meaning it doesn’t include those who opt out, and those who are not currently subscribed. Its fairly obvious with 250,000 LEAF sales worldwide, the company is well past 1.8b billion miles (thats only 7,200 per car…and some are ~6+ years old now). As for the chart/Volt numbers, Plugless has some formatting of the chart we should note, the 2017 really shouldn’t be on there at all, as the data ends at Dec 21st, 2016. But from what I can tell they are using the data as of Dec 31,2016 and trying to just draw a nice curve backwards…I seriously doubt they have ~72 months worth of data to reverse plot it accurately. ie) GM sold a lot more Volts in 2016 (~25k) than in 2015 (~15k)…and that is not represented in the curve, so the raw ramp should be steeper at the end (in 2016) than in 2015 or 2016, so there is some overstatement in 2015/2016, and understatement in… Read more »
Eric Cote

Hey Jay, can’t Volt owners opt out of any data sharing too? I’ve heard they can request no data shared from their car whatsoever.

Of course, there’s still way more Leafs worldwide than Volts. 🙂

Ocean Railroader

I really wish thing would have calculated how many gallons of gas it would have saved at 27 miles a gallon out of 11 billion.

Possibly by the end of the year or the start of next year they could be putting on a billion miles a month.


The total Electric miles driven is more than the round trip distance to Pluto!

Joe Real

Tesla cars have 7 times the electric range of the Chevy Volt and Tesla has sold more cars than the Chevy Volt. I am expecting at least 10 times mileage logged by the Tesla Fleet than the Chevy Volt Fleet. So how come the Chevy Volt has logged more miles than the Tesla?

Cody Osborne
Are you for real, Joe? Just b/c a car has more range, does NOT mean it actually gets driven more. You’re confusing “possible range” with “actual mileage driven.” Just b/c you can drive your car to Alaska in one day, doesn’t mean you actually do it. I think what’s so telling in the graph, and as a Volt owner I can see, is that Volt owners bought the car for the FLEXIBILITY and freedom of the duel drive train and can use the electric range to it’s fullest. The Tesla Model S/X are great vehicles with fantastic range, but owners simply don’t drive the car 200+ miles in a day.. they commute like everyone else. And probably have more disposable income so they can CHOOSE how far their commute is with that big wallet, and they might have 4 cars in the driveway and can CHOOSE to take any number of other cars for various duties. I know of one such guy who has 3 EV’s in his house and a truck for heavy hauling. He drive the LEAF daily, the truck once or twice a week and the Model X and S sit in the garage for leisure cruising.… Read more »

Actually couple incorrect stats.

1. Volt has sold far more than Tesla in the US since its launch. This is US only.

2. Just because one vehicle has more EV miles, it doesn’t mean its owner drives more EV miles per day.

3. Volt owners has more average miles driven per day, combined with charging at work, it can easily drives more EV miles per day “on average” than other BEVs. It is part of “self selection” process.