Toyota Claims Mass Production Of Fuel Cell Vehicles Will Start Soon
Toyota says that it will continue to invest in hydrogen fuel cells, to develop improved stacks, increase production volume, introduce more models and lower prices.
Those are quite some lofty goals there.
So far, less than 6,000 Mirai were sold (at around $60,000 before incentives), but from 2020 on, the Japanese company hopes to sell 30,000 annually.
The big hydrogen obstacle is the price of the vehicles (much higher than even comparable all-electric cars, which are already more expensive than conventional cars in terms of upfront costs).
A big part of this cost problem is that hydrogen fuel cells apparently cost Toyota some $11,000 each. It could be lowered to $8,000, according to the article, due to a lower amount of expensive materials (platinum, titanium and carbon fiber) or improved design.
““We’ve been able to decrease the platinum loading by 10 percent to 20 percent and deliver the same performance,” said Eri Ichikawa, a fuel cell engineer at Cataler Corp, a Toyota subsidiary that specializes in catalytic converters.
Strategic Analysis says using that much less of the precious metal would save up to $300 per fuel cell stack, based on an estimate that Toyota now uses about 30 grams of platinum per unit.”
On the other hand, analysts from LMC Automotive forecasts that FCVs will take only 0.2% share of global passenger car market by 2027, while BEVs are expected to grab 11.7% (60-times more).
Yoshikazu Tanaka, chief engineer of the Mirai, said:
“We’re going to shift from limited production to mass production, reduce the amount of expensive materials like platinum used in FCV components, and make the system more compact and powerful,”
Brief of Toyota plans:
- decrease costs of hydrogen fuel cells
- build economies of scale
- increase production capacity and move from hand-built cars to series production
- lower costs and prices
- increase range by some 50% from 500 km (311 miles) to 700-750 km (435-469 miles) and even 1,000 km (620 miles) by 2025
- introduce more car models (including SUVs) and trucks/buses, sharing parts between them