Top 10 and Bottom 10 US States For EV Market Share in 2013


Edmunds, with some assistance from automotive data provider Polk, has compiled a list of the Top 10 and Bottom 10 US states (plus the District of Columbia) for EV market share from January 2013 through the end of November 2013.

Top 10:

Atlanta Continues To Push Atlanta Up The Charts

Atlanta Is Pushing Georgia Up The Charts

  1. Washington 1.6%
  2. Hawaii 1.6%
  3. California 1.4%
  4. Georgia 1.1%
  5. Oregon 1.1%
  6. District of Columbia 0.6%
  7. Utah 0.4%
  8. Colorado 0.4%
  9. Tennessee 0.3%
  10. Illinois 0.3%

As the rankings show, both Washington and Hawaii share the lead at 1.6%.  California is solidly in 2nd with 1.4%.  The only unexpecteds in the Top 10 are perhaps Utah and Illinois, as well as New York not making the Top 10 ranking.

In the Bottom 10, the list looks as expected.

  • Oklahoma 0.1%
  • Alabama 0.1%
  • Louisiana < 0.1%
  • Wyoming < 0.1%
  • Kentucky < 0.1%
  • West Virginia < 0.1%
  • Arkansas < 0.1%
  • North Dakota < 0.1%
  • South Dakota < 0.1%
  • Mississippi < 0.1%

Do any of the states listed above seem out of place to you?

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30 Comments on "Top 10 and Bottom 10 US States For EV Market Share in 2013"

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I’m curious how the numbers are compiled. For example, is it a per-capita adoption rate, or just sheer number of EVs per state? I’m also curious where Texas (my state) ranks.

The source article says the data is for “Percentage of Registrations” which would be the number of new EV’s registered divided by the total number of new registrations. Which specific models they consider to be “EVs” is not defined.

I imagine Texas isn’t remarkable due to 2 things:
1) HUGE distances (Note that even a Tesla is stuck inside the state)
2) Outside of Austin, Houston, DFW, I would guess there isn’t much charging infrastructure. Look at ChargePoint’s site.

I’m not surprised NY didn’t make the top 10. We have cold winters and lagging infrastructure. Much of the population of the state lives close to NYC, battling long commutes in the cold. The northern suburbs (Westchester, Rockland, Orange and Putnam counties) are very hilly. Long Island is congested. All of the above lack meaningful infrastructure (QC).

Farther upstate, there is a large population density stretching from Buffalo through Rochester to Syracuse. It gets very cold (and snowy) in the winter. While we have a nice highway with full-service rest stops connecting all three cities, the state refuses to push for quick chargers.

Despite all the challenges for EVs, we are a large market for cars and frankly, I almost expected NY to be in the bottom 10.

Upstate NY is great for Chevy Volts. The president of my son’s college drives one as do other faculty there. Winters? I have driven to Rochester a few times in the winter with the Volt, no problems. And gasoline in WNY is quite a bit higher priced than PA. Except if you buy it on the Indian reservations to save NYS taxes. Want an EV in WNY? Get an EREV.

Eric, thanks for sharing and for your site and work in general. You should fix the text that belongs to the photo of Atlanta to say that “Atlanta is pushing Georgia up the charts”


It begins with state subsidies with the the outliers like WV mainly requiring more range than BEV can provide as many in WV own hybrds and commute across state lines for work.

Wealthy states-poor states, highly educated states- low education states. Generally I think people who can operate a calculator can understand that a higher initial price can be offset by lower operating costs. Additionally in some vehicles, a cost savings can be had even if the initial price is higher. Some people will never understand that because math and science are mysteries in their belief system.

Top marks for condescension, but bottom grades for having zero understanding of the choices confronting less wealthy people, especially in more rural areas with longer average commutes.

Financing a new EV when you are struggling to pay for petrol for your old car and have a 50 miles each way commute is not a realistic option.

Yeah, that is pretty damn condescending.

There are many other factors. People in rural areas driving longer distances thus making sub 100 mile EVs useless. Gas in red-states tends to be cheaper. They don’t have as many incentive programs. Etc.

Yeah, there is a reason why many of those states get as much as $1.40 or more per $1 they pay in Federal taxes…those states are just damn poor. They don’t have the $30k for a car.

Also, bear in mind that the $7,500 is a tax credit, not a rebate. You have to pay/finance the entire vehicle price (plus tags, title, etc.) and then get the refund when you file your taxes months later. Millions of US households simply do not have the funds.

Here is a great an analogy a friend of mine uses: if you have $50 to spend, and you see a pair of sneakers for $45 that lasts for one year, and you see another pair of sneakers that would last two years for $60, which one are you going to buy? You have no choice but to by the $45 pair and hope that you have at least $45 the next year to replace them (which doesn’t take inflation into account).

The used car market sells more units per year than new cars from dealers. EVs are not even on the radar where the average selling price of used cars is about $4000-5000 or less. Even in mildly wealthy areas, there still are a lot of used cars sold for that amount for family kids just starting to drive. Friend of my son already used-up to such cars in his first two years of driving. One bad engine and the other crash damage.

State subsidies help but, frankly, I believe that follows general mindset. WA, HI, CA and OR have widespread acceptance of the principles that led to EV adoption. Incentives happen when the electorate agrees. If they didn’t, some one else would be in office. Personally, I didn’t go “hey, sales tax holiday on EVs, I think I’ll get one”. In fact, I wasn’t aware of that until after I’d made my mind up. No way it could account for such a widespread adoption of EVs. The $7500 FIT credit was a much much bigger incentive to me.

Only GA bucks the trend and I believe that Atlanta is more like the West Coast in mindset than the East. However, it is worthy to study why Atlanta is so progressive when it comes to EVs. Perhaps there are lessons to be learned.

Tesla Guy, you may have overlooked the $5k state incentive in Georgia. It even applied to the first wave of NEVs in 2000-2004, which flooded planned communities like Peachtree City and there was even a vendor called Free Electric Vehicles handing out the $4999 Bombardier throwaway NEVs. The company went under when the loophole was closed, but those customers got a taste and have been waiting for real EVs EVer since. The state and Federal tax credits in GA can make an i-MiEV cash flow positive for the first two years of ownership, or set up screamin’ lease deals.

With the exception of Utah and Georgia, it is pretty much a blue-state/red-state divide.


Ah I missed that one. And the reason for that one is obvious . . . the Leaf is built in Smyrna, Tenn.

One glaring “out of place” is West Virginia, which has some of the most generous incentives in the country (driven by fossil fuel interests, ironically enough). $15K in total (Fed’l and state) tax credits are nothing to sneeze at.

Holy smokes. WTF is wrong with those people? They should be buying EVs like crazy. When you add in the gasoline savings that pretty much makes the cars free.

You have to have a high annual income to receive the full tax credit. A look at median household incomes might be a clue.

Yeah, that’s another problem – millions of US households are so damn poor that their Federal Income Tax liability is less than $7,500. I mean, the median income in Florida is around $30k. And as I mentioned above, the $7,500 is a credit not a rebate – you have to pay/finance the entire price of the vehicle, then collect the refund months later. So, a Volt at the time the transaction takes place is more than the annual household income of many families.

My earlier post addressed it. Large number of WV residents work across state lines (large number of Federal employees). They purchased hybrids due to range limitations.

WV lost that tax credit April 15, 2013. The way it was written it also gave the credit to cars that could use e85. This cost the state $100M when people learned they could go buy a new F150 and get $7500 back from the state. That’s why most didn’t buy electric cars. Dealerships also didn’t fully understand the tax credit so they couldn’t inform people if they could qualify. We bought our Volt and got $15k back from state and federal combined. We got $5k off the price buying in MD from Chriswell. There are plenty of people here who can afford to buy electric. There are two Teslas here in Charleston. Sadly there are few places to charge and dealers that won’t sell the volt (opted out) and ones that won’t sell the leaf for advertised price. That probably why we own the only Leaf in Charleston.

Electric prices in WV are also very good. But a lot of coal is used.

It would be nice to have a list of all 50 states.
What is considered an “EV”, just BEV’s or all plug-ins.
Is it market share of new sales, or of all cars on the road, or per capita?

i’m curious as to whether they included the entire Metro Washington, DC area when they gave the number for the District of Columbia.

That’s a good question, but probably not. I live in Northern Virginia, and there are very, very few plug-ins around. Over the last three years, I’ve seen about 9 different Model S, 1 Roadster, about 12 Volts (some could have been the same vehicle, I don’t know), 1 Leaf and 2 Fusion Energis. So many people live in condo highrises, apartment highrises, or in townhouse communities with no garages (like me). Pluging in at “home” is a luxury around here.

By contrast, I see countless Prii a day, and about a dozen total of other hybrids per day (Escape, Fusion, C-Max, Sonata, Camry, etc.).

I would love to see a list like this completed for all 50 states, include percentage and the number of EV registrations, and update it a few times a year.

In Minnesota when reaching out to a couple businesses about possibly implementing charging stations, a few of them quickly responded and asked how many EVs are actually in the state, and without a good resource to answer them with, I was left to simply say a number that will be growing quickly over the next several years. Given that answer, most of them said “forget it” – not enough demand to draw in sufficient business to be worth it. A bad trend that MUST be broken to help move EVs forward faster.

I think this looks about right.

>>The only unexpecteds in the Top 10 are perhaps Utah and Illinois

Not so sure why they wouldn’t be. Doesn’t Utah have a $600 credit and unlimited HOV lane use, and Illinois has a $4000 credit?