Fast Charging Point Maps For North America – CHAdeMO, Combo & Superchargers

JUN 15 2014 BY MARK KANE 37

Because we’re aware that EV community from time to time has asked for a fast charging points map for North America, we decided to present how it looks in June of 2014.

Thanks to the invaluable PlugShare interactive map, we can see DC quick chargers map which include both CHAdeMO and Combo standard plugs. Of course, most of them are CHAdeMOs, as there are less then 15 Combo chargers in the US, a few of which have “coming soon” status.

Official numbers for CHAdeMO from CHAdeMO Association from April 22 stands at 592, but in trying to count all dots on PlugShare we found less (even including Combo and Canada and remembering to check Hawaii outside of the map). Moreover, some CHAdeMOs also are “coming soon“.

The number of CHAdeMO DC Quick chargers installed up to today is 3688.
— (Japan 1,967 Europe 1117 USA 592 Others 12) last update 2014.04.22

Anyways, the CHAdeMO to Combo ratio exceeds 50:1 in the U.S. In Europe, the advantage is more like 7:1.

Combo Chargers Map For North America – June 11, 2014 (PlugShare)

Combo Chargers Map For North America – June 11, 2014 (PlugShare)

Finally, we see the Tesla Supercharger map, which is approaching 100 in the U.S., but due to their nature (manufacturer owned, higher power, free to use, several units at each location) we should treat them as slightly different animals.

Tesla Superchargers Map For North America – June 11, 2014 (PlugShare)

Tesla Superchargers Map For North America – June 11, 2014 (PlugShare)

Categories: Charging

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37 Comments on "Fast Charging Point Maps For North America – CHAdeMO, Combo & Superchargers"

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David Murray
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David Murray

Yep. I see we have zero combo chargers in Texas. But to be fair, I think the BMW i3 is the first vehicle sold in Texas that supports it.

BT
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BT

I live in Aruba I wish we have this on Aruba
EVS will be standard in the future.
With the Tesla leader of the the EVS
Bt

Mikael
Guest
Mikael

Haha… you can easily go from one end of the island and back twice on a charge with the Leaf. Not much need fast chargers really πŸ˜‰

It would add to the north american tally though if you decide to get some. πŸ™‚

sven
Guest
sven

Last time I checked Aruba was part of South America. πŸ˜‰

Anderlan
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Anderlan

I checked just now and it’s an island. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aruba

QCO
Guest
QCO

The other interesting point about Texas is that is definitely an island, regardless of charger type.

Brian Henderson
Guest

A couple points not noted:

1. Hawaii has many CHAdeMO chargers, some islands better with coverage than others. (not shown in maps above)

2. SuperChargers are stations and not just single-charger locations. The 4-12 charging stalls provide location reliability and availability that most CHAdeMO and CCS locations lack. While Tesla has ~100 SC station, over 600 Model S’s can charge at same time … more than all CHAdeMO and CCS locations combined!

Anon
Guest
Anon

Tesla = awesome

Now, if only other car makers joined in on non-compliance BEVs…. *sighs*

ev4life
Guest

The combo is great design because its one port for all charging. But chademo should clearly be the standard because its already established. The auto makers should kill off the combo and all go with chademo while we are still early in ev adaptation. Go head and convert all of the combo ports on the cars to chademo.

As far as tesla, keep doing as you are. Just hurry up and release the chademo adapter.

mustang_sallad
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mustang_sallad

“EV’s are great, but combustion engines should clearly be the standard because its already established”

If you’re argument is that we should act now to standardize because we’re still in the early stages of EV adoption, wouldn’t it make sense to go with the less costly standard?

The parallels you can draw between EV adoption and CCS adoption are pretty funny. I feel like InsideEVs is guilty of the same attitude as “EVs only make up less than 1% of the market, so they’re a total flop”.

QCO
Guest
QCO

The CCS1 combo plug is a terrible design, both physically and electrically. A mercy killing would be welcome, but depends on whether car manufacturers are brave enough to do it.

Best chance would be to accept Tesla’s offer to allow everyone to use the Tesla plug. It’s a compact high power universal AC/DC plug that is clearly better than other solutions.

In the meantime, CHAdeMO rules by default. Potential BMW i3 owners should petition BMW to provide a CHAdeMO port, like on the Japanese models. What good is an i3 with CCS1 capability in North America?

Spec9
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Spec9

“The CCS1 combo plug is a terrible design, both physically and electrically. A mercy killing would be welcome, ”

Please explain what leads you to this hyperbole. Physically, it is nice that it does the job of both AC & DC charging and thus uses a single charge port.

QCO
Guest
QCO
Hold a Tesla and CCS1 plug side by side and it becomes obvious. The CCS1 is way too big for what it does, which neccesitates an overly large opening in the sheet metal. It’s even worse that the European CCS2 because it retains the J1772 locking clip on top, the result of a compromised design approach. It’s also not as universal as it appears. A CCS1 plug will not fit a J1772 only socket. That means if you approach a public station with a Volt or similar PHEV you have to hope there is a J1772 only plug. So if every station needs both a J1772 and CCS1 plug, what’s the difference of having both a J1772 and CHAdeMO plug? At least CHAdeMO is widely deployed, both on vehicles and infrastructure. The CCS1 connector also doesn’t carry as much power as the Tesla connector, so it is not as future proof. A compact universal high power AC/DC connector with high current pins like the Tesla connector is far superior. And now that Tesla has agreed to make it openly available for the asking, it’s a solution worth pursuing. We all deserve better than the committee compromise produced by an ICE… Read more »
JakeY
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JakeY
@QCO “It’s also not as universal as it appears. A CCS1 plug will not fit a J1772 only socket. That means if you approach a public station with a Volt or similar PHEV you have to hope there is a J1772 only plug. So if every station needs both a J1772 and CCS1 plug, what’s the difference of having both a J1772 and CHAdeMO plug?” You keep coming up with a situation that will never cause a problem. The CCS1 *CONNECTOR*, is for DC only. It will only exist in DC stations. Any AC EVSE will continue to have a J1772 AC connector. There will NEVER be a AC EVSE that uses a CCS1 connector because there is no logical reason to (given the CCS1 *SOCKET* is backwards compatible). It’s pretty clear why CCS is designed the way it is if you understand this. The difference with CHAdeMO is that on the car it only needs one socket for both AC/DC (much like Tesla). There’s definitely practical advantage to that (esp. for PHEVs which also need a flap for the gas tank). See the situation with the i3 REx in Japan and how horrible the CHAdeMO version is (forces owners… Read more »
mustang_sallad
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mustang_sallad

The point of CCS is not “one charge station for all vehicles”, it’s “one charge port for all stations”, meaning less openings on the vehicle, fewer parts on the vehicle, and therefore, a cheaper vehicle.

JakeY
Guest
JakeY

I already posted an explanation why the CCS socket is that way. It’s to maintain backwards compatibility with the J1772 AC connectors (given that standard is pretty well established). Tesla was able to make slimmer connector by throwing backwards compatibility out the window and going the adapter route.

QCO
Guest
QCO

You are validating my point with more explanations about AC stations, DC stations, backward but not forward compatibility….

The Tesla approach is universal – One plug/socket for any application, AC, DC, fast, slow, high power, future proof, and compact as well. No guessing what types of stations are compatible. Clearly this approach is better in every way, physically and electrically.

I understand exactly what CCS/J1772 is, and I believe we all deserve better. So does Tesla.

Spec9
Guest
Spec9

I just don’t see Team USA and Team Germany capitulating to Team Japan’s charger.

Brian Henderson
Guest

CCS1, CCS2, and CHAdeMO are all poor connector plug and protocol choices. Type2 (EU) and Tesla offer better alternatives. The best design choice is a 2-conductor DC 100-200 Amp cable with either 2-wire digital, or wireless (Bluetooth/WiFi) communications.

Keeping connector to 2 DC (+ 2 digital) pins lowers cost and size while offering most flexibility and interoperability (via adaptors). Two-wire DC cable is already widely used for aircraft ground-support and with forklift industries so is available in higher volume at lower cost compared to specialized EVSE cabling.

FFY
Guest
FFY

“Type2 (EU) and Tesla offer better alternatives”

This is something I never understood: The type 2 (Mennekes) plug already has 2 DC lines, but still the Europeans obviously felt they needed additional (bigger) PINs for DC charging, hence the Combo 2 plug. But how does Tesla get away with the integrated DC PINs in their proprietary plug that look no bigger than the ones in the type 2 plug?

GSP
Guest
GSP

I think the pins go deeper in Tesla’s modification of the Type 2 socket. This provides more surface area when used with a Supercharger.

GSP

JakeY
Guest
JakeY

Like GSP says, it’s deeper pins. No one thought of that as a solution until Tesla with the European version connector (even Tesla didn’t use deeper pins as a solution to supporting the J1772 connectors in the US).

Braben
Guest
Braben

Out of curiosity: What’s so terrible about the combo plug design? Seems to me that having a single receptacle instead of two separate ones, as well as a common charging protocol, would be an advantage over CHADeMO?

David Murray
Guest
David Murray

I tend to agree – on face value I prefer the combo (frankenplug) standard. However, it irritates me that we already had a fast charging standard that worked just fine. Having the combo come along has slowed progress in the DC charging infrastructure. I think a lot of charging companies have felt nervous about installing more without knowing which standard will prevail.

Chademo has its own advantages too. For example, I think a lot of future EV drivers will be ignorant of the different charging speeds at different stations. As such, it will be hard for them to figure out which stations are fast chargers and not. Chademo is kind of obvious sense it uses a different port.

JakeY
Guest
JakeY

Combo stations will be just as easy to distinguish as CHAdeMO as DC stations.

Basically:
Combo connector = DC
J1772 AC connector = AC

You won’t be seeing a mix between the two, so I don’t think there will be confusion.

Spec9
Guest
Spec9

The Supercharger map looks like Elon Musk picked out a bunch of places he wanted to visit on a cross country trip. πŸ˜‰

Anon
Guest
Anon

Pretty much true…

EPL
Guest
EPL

Unless the Combo vendors get moving, having a car with a combo connector will be a drawback, not a plus. I see 3 combo-capable stations in the area between Gilroy and Sacramento (only 2 active) and 71 stations in the same area.

EPL
Guest
EPL

I meant “71 CHAdeMO stations”

Ocean Railroader
Guest
Ocean Railroader
I wish plug share would give the Tesla Superchargers and the other DC Fast Chargers different color codes. Such as Tesla could be red or black vs it being the same yellow as the others. In that planning a trip with fast for a Mitsubishi i-miev is a lot more complex then planning a trip for a Tesla model S. Right now in terms of planning to get a EV I’m now becoming more concerned about them building more fast chargers across the county. In that I plan to buy a EV but the strange thing I noticed is that the used EV prices are anywhere from $3,000 to $8,000 cheaper in other states vs in Central Virginia. These prices are so extreme that it would be cheaper to buy a used EV in a other state 200 to 1000 miles away and drive it home. The only thing holding up this plan is lack of DC Fast Chargers between cities. In that each DC Fast Charger would be like saving four to eight hours of charging time. In fact the charging is so bad that in some of my trip plans there are no EV chargers for hundreds of… Read more »
Anon
Guest
Anon

Solution: Flat bed trailer, ICE driven.

Chris
Guest
Chris

You know you can exclude Tesla Supercharger or any other DC stations you don’t want from showing up on the “DC Charge” widget on Plugshare…On the web client it’s in the “More Options” menu and on the mobile apps it’s in the options menu

SeattleTeslaGuy
Guest
SeattleTeslaGuy

One thing I’d like to see is an option to show only chademo chargers that are not at Nissan Dealers.

The sad reality is that dealer’s chademo chargers are problematic. Often only LEAFs are allowed to use them and they also are mostly restricted to business hours. And, they are not in very convenient locations (unless you like sitting a dealer’s waiting room and eat stale donuts/drinking bad coffee). When you take out the dealer’s chargers, the chademo map in the US looks pretty pathetic.

ItsNotAboutTheMoney
Guest
ItsNotAboutTheMoney

I think it’s worth pointing out that since June 11th 2 more Superchargers (Goodland, KS and Hays, KS), each with 6 stalls, have opened.

Thomas J. Thias
Guest
Thomas J. Thias

Great article, Mr. Kane.

Couple of points to make on using PlugShare.

1) This is an Open/Crowd Sourced Electric Fueled Vehicle Filling Station Locator website opperated by Recargo, formed on May 23, 2013 as Xatori ( PlugShare ) and Recargo merged.

Recargo is the owner and publisher Of http://www.plugincars.com/.

2)Easy to use Google Earth Interface as screen shots show in the body of the article posted above by Mr. kane.

The amazing thing is that this being a Google Maps wiget you can Zoooom in and the maps continue to populate often to the extreme!

3)This is a global Electric Fueled Vehicle Filling Station website so spin the map, worldwide and be stunned.

4) The Plugshare.com web site can be used on a portable device. You will be promped each time to download the app.

This is optional, though as you can just hit cancle and use your phones browser to navigate while on the road to the next free L2 Filling Station!

5)Just me, with north of 1.5 billion 110V AC outlets in North America, ALL EVs refuel this way, we have been EV Refueling ready for decades!

Best-

Thomas J. Thias

517-749-0532

Twitter.com/AmazingChevVolt

EVJerry
Guest
EVJerry

Most excellent….thanks for taking the time to share this detailed information.

Robert
Guest

For PlugShare, on the website, the ‘Gear’ symbol, is what you click to edit the settings, from which you can select plug types – so you can show only the CHAdeMO, click ‘OK’ to complete. Also, from the legend, deselect shared (Blue) to un-clutter the screen, as well.