Renault ZOE Z.E. 40 Range Exceeds 200 km (125 Miles) In Winter Test

MAR 7 2018 BY MARK KANE 15

Renault states that the ZOE Z.E. 40 (with a 41 kWh battery) is able to go up to 400 km / 249 mi (NEDC) or 300 km / 186 mi in real world driving conditions during the summer and 200 km / 125 mi during the winter.

Are those figures legit?

Bjørn Nyland recently tested the ZOE’s range in Norwegian winter at speeds of up to 90 km/h (56 mph).

See Also – Confirmed: 2018 Renault ZOE Gets Power Increase

Renault ZOE

Well, despite some headwinds, ZOE didn’t disappoint, even with heating on. The electric car was able to cover 200 km (125 mi).

The other finding is that available energy is around 37 kWh out of 41 kWh total.


  • Total distance: 189.3 km (117.6 mi) with 16 km (10 mi) left so range is estimated at 205.3 km (133.6 mi)
  • Average speed 85.8 km/h (53.3 mph)
  • Average energy consumption: 18.7 kWh/100 km (30.1 kWh/100 mi)
  • Total consumption 35.0 kWh (estimated available 37 kWh out of 41 kWh).

Renault ZOE ZE40 winter range test (source: Bjørn Nyland)

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15 Comments on "Renault ZOE Z.E. 40 Range Exceeds 200 km (125 Miles) In Winter Test"

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Glaring omission here. What was the actual temperature? The range really starts dropping when you go below freezing. 0C, -10C, -20C, -30C are all quite different.

I saw the video and I think if I remember correctly it was -2C (28F). He did the same test with the Hyundai Ioniq but at -9C (16F) and he got 160km(100m).

Wonder if anyone thinks North America will see the Zoe on sale in the near future?

Another Euro point of view

When I see how low temp. affects EV’s range it is beyond me why an alcohol cabin heater (Webasto etc…) is not at least an option as to save the couple of kWh used to warm the cabin. or example for those doing long distances or those remaining for long periods in their cars (Taxis). One of those aspects that WILL need to change for EVs to become mainstream IMO.


Why would I taint my perfectly fine BEV with an installation that creates toxic fumes yet again and doesn’t add much range anyway?
It’s the temperature outside (at least in the IONIQ that costs range). Heating up the inside isn’t all that costly.

Thanks to the heat pump, heating the interior doesn’t eat up that much range, especially if you precondition while it is still plugged in (which you would want to do for other reasons too).

The range drop is mostly due to reduced battery capacity and higher air density.

The fun starts when you have to do a series of small errands of about 15-20 minutes each. With no charging of course. Every restart is going to drop the range hard. There is just no denying.

A few reasons to not build a BEV with alcohol, gasoline or diesel heater:
1 increases price
2 adds weight
3 increases service needs
4 more parts that can break down
5 adds a tank which you must remember to fill up

Energy needed to heat the car drops significantly on longer trips. From my own experience with taking my Leaf for longer trips in winter around -3 degrees celcius: I usually drive highways at around 100 kph, take my first fast charge when battery is low and only for 7-8 minutes, then when reaching next fast charger battery temperature is better and i charge for about 15 minutes. After this battery is about 30-40 degrees celcius and has better capacity and charges faster.

Also after about 1 hour the car interior has warmed up, and the energy needed to maintain temperature is much lower.

And finally, spending the same amount on bigger battery will increase range in both winter and summer, while such a fuel heater only helps in winter.

Final words: buy a BEV that has enough range for winter, then look at ekstra summer range as a bonus. I love driving my leaf in winter, but would have bought with bigger battery if that was available.

I have webasto in my Leaf (2012MY). Previous owner installed it by himself.

here a guy from Blagoveshchensk in Russia experienced a Nissan Leaf 2018 40kwh at -30 degrees Celsius. the mileage was 160 km. heating worked at maximum power and consumed 4.5 kW, average speed 80 km / h. japan car with right-hand drive.

This was not cold.

“The other finding is that available energy is around 37 kWh out of 41 kWh total.”

First thing to note here is that cold temps reduce capacity. My Zoe (that had the 23 kWh battery) had a calculated capacity of 23.5 in summer and 21 in winter. Noting here that Dutch winters are milder than those in Norway.

So expect the full 41 kWh to be available in summer.

Cudos to Renault for staying true on their principle of specifying usable capacity instead of nominal capacity. And for honestly specifying realistic ranges to their customers. Don’t expect too much from Nissan in that respect.

I’ve expressed this in the video, but Uncle Bjorn knows best.
I am getting 4.02-4.2MPkWh at the moment in winter conditions -3 +3. I’ve been getting around 140-160 over winter. I suspect that Zoe needs it’s tyre pressures upped.

Going from 300 km in summer to 200 km in mild winter (0 degrees C) is rather bad (67% of summer range). My Kia Soul EV with a true summer range of 200 km if I stay at or under 100 km/h went down to 160 km range when I crossed all of France at lower temperatures then that last winter, with mostly snow on the roads (80% of summer range).

But of course the Soul has things like heated seats and a heated steering wheel. And you can only heat the drivers side of the vehicle. All that consumes a lot less electricity, while you stay comfortable.