Plug-In Electric Cars Available In U.S. And Their Battery Suppliers

Tesla Panasonic Show stand

MAR 25 2016 BY MARK KANE 13

LG Chem lithium-ion battery cell

LG Chem lithium-ion battery cell

There is growing number of plug-in electric cars on the market in the U.S. We begin the year 2016 with over 25 models (full list of EVs and their respective sales in the US can be found here).

But the competition in the actual lithium-ion batteries inside them is limited to just few major players like Panasonic (with its subsidiary Sanyo) and LG Chem on the forefront. Significant position is also held by AESC (Nissan / NEC), and Samsung SDI.

Japanese/South Korean competition sets the development trail for the newer plug-ins, from upcoming Chevrolet Bolt EV, through Chrysler Pacifica Hybrid (PHEV) to Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (Lithium Energy Japan – Mitsubishi / GS Yuasa), Tesla Model X and Model III (key role of Panasonic) and some new Nissan LEAF or Audi e-tron quattro SUV in the future.

It’s interesting to imagine the future, where there will be a few lithium-ion battery makers that  will control 90% of the automotive market.

Plug-in electric cars offered in the U.S. and lithium-ion battery suppliers for handy reference:

Audi A3 Sportback e-tron Sanyo (Panasonic)
BMW 330e Samsung SDI
BMW i3 Samsung SDI
BMW i3 REx Samsung SDI
BMW i8 Samsung SDI
BMW X5 xDrive40e Samsung SDI
Cadillac  ELR (2016) LG Chem
Chevrolet Spark EV LG Chem (originally A123 Systems)
Chevrolet Volt (2017) LG Chem
Fiat 500e SB LiMotive (Samsung SDI / Bosch)
Ford C-Max Energi Sanyo (Panasonic)
Ford Focus Electric LG Chem
Ford Fusion Energi (2017) LG Chem
Honda Accord PHV Blue Energy (Honda / GS Yuasa)
Hyundai Sonata PHEV LG Chem
Kia Soul EV (-e) SK Innovation
Mercedes B-Class ED Panasonic (Tesla packs)
Mercedes S550e A123 Systems (or maybe SK Innovation now)
Mitsubishi  i-MiEV Lithium Energy Japan (Mitsubishi / GS Yuasa)
Nissan LEAF (24 kWh, 30 kWh) AESC (Nissan / NEC)
Porsche Cayenne S E-Hybrid Sanyo (Panasonic)
Porsche Panamera S E-Hybrid Sanyo (Panasonic)
smart fortwo ED Daimler (Li-Tec / Deutsche ACCUmotive, LG Chem in the future)
Tesla Model S Panasonic
Tesla Model X Panasonic
Toyota Prius PHV Panasonic
Volkswagen e-Golf (SE) Panasonic
Volvo XC90 T8 Twin Engine LG Chem


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13 Comments on "Plug-In Electric Cars Available In U.S. And Their Battery Suppliers"

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Are you sure about the Ford supplier? At least for the earlier models it was Panasonic.


If it’s Panasonic, then why does Ford’s battery pack suck?
They could easily upgrade that pack by now.


Focus Electric is indeed using LG Chem’s cells, but Fusion and CMax use Sanyo (Panasonic) cells.

Also, not all cell suppliers also provide the assembled battery packs. Some OEMs assemble them themselves.


Next do one for Europe!

Mike I

What did Honda use in the Fit EV? I seem to recall Toshiba???

Mike I

Yep. I remembered correctly. Toshiba Lithium Titanate SCiB.


Interesting, I didn’t realize Panasonic supplies the e-Golf and the (discontinued?) Prius Plug-in. I thought Tesla was their only EV customer.


Here is a list of plug-in cars available in *one* of the 50 United States. The list of such cars available in the other 49 states may differ, and in most cases will contain substantially fewer entries.


+1 several of those on the list are not available where the rest of us live. Should stipulate what’s available in all 50 states


Like jdbob stated Ford uses Panasonic prismatic cells in its Energi plugins, but LG Chem in the Focus electric whose battery and entire drivetrain was developed and supplied by Magna.

Ford’s Energis use the same cells as the Audi A3 Etron where ford uses 84 cells, the Audi uses 96 cells hence slightly higher kWh capacity.

Jake Brake

Despite calling it out in the exact same post. Chrysler pacifica – lg chem didnt make it on your list. Cadillac CT6 phev is lg. Ford Energi packs are Panasonic cells and good old ford engineering.

Rick Bronson

Battery makers have done a great job by increasing the capacity and reducing the price. We have to congratulate these companies for the job done.

Hope they will finally reduce the battery cost to $100/KWh.


Interesting article, Mark!
It would be also nice to update it once a year giving the historical data to show progress (how many models, how many car brands, how many battery vendors).

It would also be good to note in how many states each model is currently offered.