Plug-In Electric Car Connectors & Plugs – Infographic


Several DC charging types

Several DC charging types (without Tesla)

The Electric Vehicle Institute released the infographic “Plug-In Around the EV World” that combines a map with the most common household outlets in different countries, along with a separate description of EV charging plugs that can be spotted in most places.

The first part is interesting because it shows us that there never was a standard around the world. Moreover, the map indicates just some of the electric outlets, as there are more variants in every country and also 3-phase versions (all potentially can be present in different variants and at different power levels).

The EV plugs part is missing China plugs and indicates that the Tesla connector in Europe is similar to Type 2. The descriptions itself seems outdated as CHAdeMO already can be 100 kW (not 60 kW), European 3-phase Type 2 reaches 43 kW (instead of 22 kW) and the Tesla connector can handle 120/135 kW (not 48 kW).

With some few tweaks, this infographic could be very useful for less-oriented customers to see what to expect or to scare them at least before buying.

For better text quality see the original Plug-In Around the EV World in pdf.

Category: Charging


22 responses to "Plug-In Electric Car Connectors & Plugs – Infographic"
  1. Kosh says:

    This is embarrassing. How often do you get the chance to greenfield a technology/industry and still manage to completely screw up compatibility standards.


    1. Just_Chris says:

      my thoughts exactly, we are starting to get to the point where there are more charging standards than major battery suppliers. At least the J1772 is reasonably standard.

      I can’t believe the EU hasn’t put their foot down, this sort of thing is pretty much all they are good for.

      1. finecadmin says:

        They have. I can’t believe you went and posted.

  2. PHEVfan says:

    Even worse, how often do you get a chance to make things clearer with a nice infographic, and screw that up too? Check out the description on the NEMA 5-15.
    Round pins?!?!?

    1. finecadmin says:

      Yes, their previous infographic on e-motorcycles says “1982” for an introduction date, not 1882, under a graphic of what is clearly an “old-timey” motorcycle.

  3. Yep, that has a lot of errors and omissions.

    DC fast charging system standards IEC 61851-23 gives the worldwide requirements for “DC chargers” and provides the general requirements for the control communication between a DC fast charger and an EV.

    IEC 62851-24 defines digital communication between a DC fast charger and an EV.

    Worldwide “Quick Charging” standards:

    1) CHAdeMO (IEC System A)

    2) GB/T (IEC System B)

    3) SAE CCS COMBO1 (IEC System C)

    4) Menekkes CCS COMBO2 (IEC System C)

    5) Supercharger (Tesla only, not recognized by IEC)

    6) Chameleon (AC Charging 22kW or 43kW, Renault only, not IEC recognized)

    Neither GB/T nor Menekkes CCS-Combo2 are offered outside of their home markets of China and Europe respectively. Chameleon is Europe only, anywhere a public 3 phase AC outlet is available (the operator must use their own charge cord).

    USA Quick Charge data, sometimes colloquially referred to as “DC” or “L3”

    1. SAE CCS Combo1, or “J1772 DC” – approximately 50 in the USA (and worldwide) as of Dec 2014
    up to 100kW eventually, probably limited to 25-50kW
    Uses a different plug in Europe (Menekkes CCS Combo2) than the plug used in USA

    EVs compatible include:

    *GM Spark EV – about 1000 cars (adding about 50 per month in two CARB-ZEV states)
    *BMW i3 – 3000 cars sold in USA through 1 Oct 2014
    *VW eGolf (1 sold Oct 31, 2014)


    2. CHAdeMO – 4241 worldwide, 731 in the USA (7 Oct2014), adding about 2 per day
    up to 100kW eventually, currently limited to 62.5kW
    Uses the same plug worldwide

    Nissan announced (Dec 2014) that they would increase USA to over 1000 stations by mid-2015, and 6000 total in Japan.

    EVs compatible with CHAdeMO include:

    *Nissan LEAF – over 60,000 in the USA and over 140,000 worldwide
    *Nissan e-NV200 (coming 2015)
    *Citroen C-Zero – not sold in USA
    *Citroën Berlingo – not sold in USA
    *Honda hydrogen car (used for Vehicle to Home/Grid only)
    *Mitsubishi i-MiEV – over 30,000 worldwide with its variants C-Zero & iON
    *Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV (coming 2015)
    *Mitsubishi Fuso Canter truck
    *Peugeot iON – not sold in USA
    *Peugeot Partner – not sold in USA
    *Kia Soul EV (coming Oct 2014)
    *ZERO motorcycles
    *Tesla except Roadster with Tesla supplied adaptor
    *Toyota Mirai hydrogen car (used for Vehicle to Home/Grid only)


    3. Supercharger – 220 worldwide, 120 stations in the USA, each with 4-8 stalls, growing fast
    up to 135kW eventually, currently limited at some sites to 120kW
    Uses a different plug in Europe than the one used in North America and Japan

    EVs compatible with Supercharger include:

    *Tesla only, except Roadster – 55,000 worldwide

    1. Francis L says:

      Mark like this, the Chademo seems to be the clear winner!

      1. Well, there is competition from Tesla!!!

        With BMW spewing out bulls*** like this, “Powered by high-voltage EV batteries, the first premium all-electric vehicle – the BMW i3”, watch how they twist their “big” DC charging rollout at the Detroit Auto Show.

        1. Bill Howland says:

          Even though Tesla has had their fair share of problems, and a few that they’ve convenienty avoided, BMW is not really in a position to brag here, as their ‘overpowered’ “7,6kw” or “7,0 kw” or whatever they’re calling it currently, did burn out and left their owners a bit high and dry if they didn’t have the motorcycle option.

          My ‘underpowered’ chevy volt at least lets me charge, although even here, in January and February my 2011 ceases being an electric car since the Engine insists on running at 26 degrees, which is a Heat Wave Summit this area hasn’t surmounted. So no electric charging for 2 months. The later volts at least let you defer this down to 15 degrees f.

    2. evhuice says:

      To add to Tony’s great list I would point out the plugs are not illustrated in scale. Some of the under over dual plugs are the size of a loaf of bread and a lot heavier. Tesla’s plug is small like an electric toothbrush and can handle more power than any of them.
      Why would they go with such crappy government engineer committee designed behemoths if their entire business is about making compelling EVs?

  4. Nick says:


    This info graphic is not very accurate. Lots of factual errors.

  5. Bill Howland says:

    Ok so they have the North AMerican Tesla connector, what about the Mennekes style one they use in Europe?

    1. Francis L says:

      I was wondering, what happen if you take a Tesla from North America and import it in Europe? (If you are moving, you probably don’t want to lose you 100k$ car).

      Is there an adaptor for that?

      1. Bill Howland says:

        Yeah, A us – S taken to most countries would have too bad a time. Many countries, including the UK and Norway, I believe allow 32 amp single phase loads, or in the case of Norway, at least allow them on their public docking stations. A single charger S would then charge at 32 amps, or around 7 1/2 kw. I believe Switzerland and Italy limit single phase draws to 16 amps, so there you’d be limited to a 3.8 kw charge rate.

        A standard european S moved to the states would have a bit harder time of it, since it will only draw 16 amps (provided Tesla allows it and it doesn’t kick out on phase imbalance. You’d have to talk to a European Tesla owner to see if this is allowed -that is, running their car on only 1 phase). If it is allowed, than that would be around 3.8 kw.

        So yeah you can transplant these cars, but you might not like doing so, or you might just have to put up with the slow charging.

        I seem to remember that any Roadster in Australia was only offered with an “Australian Power Point” style cord for a maximum of 10 amps (2.3 kw).. The Roadster was relatively inefficient charging at these rates, but better than at 110. But it was a bit of a shame since Australia allows much more than 10 amps on single phase, and the roadster itself will go 70 amps.

        1. Bill Howland says:

          err. “Not have too bad a time”

  6. Sven says:

    2.5A CEE7/16 in mainland europe? What year is this from?

    It looks pretty but it is so so bad.

  7. Chris says:

    J1772 goes as low as 120v 8amps 0.96kw

    1. Isn’t it 6 amps? Below that is “digital commnunication”.

  8. EVI says:

    Thank you all for your feedback. We will update all information as soon as possible, keep an eye out! To talk to a representative of EVI please contact us through our website:

    1. Why not post your “updates” right here so that we can make sure it’s accurate?

      1. EVI says:

        Sounds Good! Additionally, send all suggestions and updates to:

        Subject Email: “Plug In Poster: Suggestion/Update”

        Thank again,

  9. EVI says:

    After a few days we got an upgrade! Hope you enjoy the new version: