Overview Of Incentives For Buying Electric Vehicles In EU

JUL 11 2016 BY MARK KANE 10

Tesla Model S

Tesla Model S

Renault ZOE

Renault ZOE

ACEA released a new edition of its overview on the incentives for buying electric vehicles throughout the European Union.

As in case of the previous overview, there are still some holes in the information on occasion, but we treat it as a base input, and an indication whether or not ACEA under President Dieter Zetsche (CEO of Daimler) has a better handle on things.

Feel free to add links or details to incentive description in your country in comments, for use by others…and we’ll update the list as we go to provide the most accurate reference list possible.

“Incentives for electrically-chargeable vehicles are now applied in many European countries. The incentives mainly consist of tax reductions and exemptions, as in countries such as Austria or Germany, and bonus payments and premiums for the buyers of electric vehicles in France and the UK.

The European car industry supports the further introduction of fiscal incentives for fuel efficiency. Tax measures are an important tool in shaping consumer demand towards fuel-efficient cars and help create a market for breakthrough technologies, notably during the introduction phase.

Innovations generally first enter the market in low volumes and at a significant cost premium, and this needs to be offset by a positive policy framework. Electric mobility will make an important contribution towards ensuring sustainable mobility. However, advanced conventional technologies, engines and fuels will play a predominant role for years to come. Governments must continue to include these CO2-efficient technologies and solutions in their overall sustainable mobility policy approach.”

AUSTRIA

Electric vehicles are exempt from the fuel consumption tax and from the monthly vehicle tax.
The Austrian automobile club ÖAMTC publishes the incentives granted by local authorities on its website
(www.oeamtc.at/elektrofahrzeuge ).

BELGIUM

In In the Flemish Region, electric and plug‐in hybrid (emitting no more than 50g CO2/km) vehicles are exempt from registration tax. Moreover, incentives for electric and hydrogen‐powered cars (Zero Emission Bonus) were introduced as of 1 January 2016.
Electric vehicles pay the lowest rate of tax under the annual circulation tax in all three regions.
The deductibility rate from corporate income of expenses related to the use of company cars is 120% for zeroemissions vehicles and 100% for vehicles emitting between 1 and 60g CO2/km. Above 60g CO2/km, the deductibility rate decreases from 90% to 50% progressively.

BULGARIA

Electric vehicle are exempt from the annual circulation tax.

CROATIA

None

CYPRUS

None

CZECH REPUBLIC

Electric, hybrid and other alternative fuel vehicles are exempt from the road tax (this tax applies to cars used for business purposes only).

DENMARK

Electric cars and vans are exempt from registration tax. Hydrogen and fuel cell‐powered vehicles are exempt from registration tax until the end of 2018.

ESTONIA

None

FINLAND

Pure electric vehicles always pay the minimum rate of the CO2 based registration tax.

FRANCE

Regions have the option to provide an exemption from the registration tax (either total or 50%) for alternative fuel vehicles (ie electric, hybrids, CNG, LPG, and E85).
Under a bonus‐malus system, a premium is granted for the purchase of a new electric or hybrid electric vehicle:
– From 1 January 2016, for a car (not applicable to LCV) emitting between 61 and 110g CO2/km, the amount
of the bonus is €750.
– For a vehicle (car or LCV) emitting between 21 and 60g CO2/km, the bonus amounts to €1,000.
– For a vehicle (passenger car or LCV) emitting 20g CO2/km or less, the bonus amounts to €6,300.
Electric vehicles are exempt from the company car tax. Hybrid vehicles emitting less than 110g CO2/km are exempt during the first two years after registration.

GERMANY

Electric vehicles are exempt from the annual circulation tax for a period of ten years from the date of their first registration.

From June €4,000 for BEVs and €3,000 for PHEVs.

GREECE

Electric and hybrid vehicles are exempt from the registration tax, the luxury tax and the luxury living tax. Electric cars and hybrid cars (with an engine capacity of up to 1,549cc) are also exempt from circulation tax.

HUNGARY

Electric vehicles are exempt from registration tax, annual circulation tax and company car tax.

IRELAND

Until December 2016, electric vehicles benefit from VRT (vehicle registration tax) relief up to a maximum of €5,000. For plug‐in hybrids, the maximum relief is €2,500. For conventional hybrid vehicles and other flexible fuel vehicles, the maximum relief is €1,500. In addition, electric and plug‐in hybrid vehicles receive a grant of up to €5,000 on purchase.
Electric vehicles pay the minimum rate (€120) of the road tax.

ITALY

In many regions, electric vehicles are exempt from the annual circulation tax (ownership tax) for a period of five years from the date of the first registration. After this five‐year period, they benefit from a 75% reduction of the tax rate applied to equivalent petrol vehicles.

LATVIA

Electric vehicles are exempt from the registration tax and pay the lowest amount (€10) for the company car tax.

LITHUANIA

None

LUXEMBOURG

Electric vehicles pay the minimum rate (€30) of the annual circulation tax.

MALTA

None

NETHERLANDS

Electric vehicles are exempt from the registration tax BPM.
Vehicles emitting maximum 50g CO2/km are exempt from the annual circulation tax.

POLAND

None

PORTUGAL

Electric vehicles are exempt from the registration tax (Imposto Sobre Vehículos or ISV) and from the annual circulation tax. Hybrid vehicles only pay 25% of the registration tax.

ROMANIA

Electric and hybrid vehicles are exempt from the registration tax.
Electric vehicle are exempt from the annual circulation tax (ownership tax).

SLOVAKIA

Electric vehicles are exempt from the annual circulation tax. Hybrid vehicles benefit from a 50% reduction of the annual circulation tax.

SLOVENIA

None

SPAIN

Main city councils (eg Madrid, Barcelona, Zaragoza, Valencia etc) are reducing the annual circulation tax (ownership tax) for electric and fuel efficient vehicles by 75%.

SWEDEN

A premium (Supermiljöbilspremie) is granted for the purchase of a new electric or hybrid electric vehicle:
– SEK20,000 for cars with CO2 emissions between 1 and 50g/km (plug‐in hybrids)
– SEK40,000 for cars with zero CO2 emissions (electric cars)
A five‐year exemption from annual circulation tax applies for green cars (electric cars and plug‐in hybrids, with electrical energy consumption per 100km which not exceed 37kWh).
Reduction of company car taxation for electric vehicles and plug‐in hybrids.

UNITED KINGDOM

Electric vehicles (with CO2 emissions below 100g/km) are exempt from the annual circulation tax, while other alternative fuel cars receive a £10 discount on the paid rates.
From 1 April 2010, pure electric cars are exempt from the company car tax, while all cars with CO2 emissions lower than 50g/km pay 5% for the tax year 2015/2016.

Plug-In Car Grant up to £4,500.

source: ACEA

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10 Comments on "Overview Of Incentives For Buying Electric Vehicles In EU"

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Estonia is a country where you can order Uber Electric but has no incentives. Sad

Even sadder when you realize that this was the first European country with a complete and functioning network of fast chargers (CHAdeMO only, a charger every 60 km).

Your information for Slovenia is wrong. Government is providing subsidies for EV.

Denmark will have 150 % registration tax and 25% VAT on top of that by 2020 on EVs. This is no joke but simply how the danish government wants to support sustainable transport. Situation now is 20% of that level. In 2017 it increases to 40 %. 2018 ; 65% and 2019 90 % . By doing this Denmark will be the slowest country in the EU to adopt PEVs

The information for Romania is incomplete. If you buy an EV you receive an ecoticket of 20.000 Lei (RON) = 4909 $ (USD) that you can use at the dealer. If you give your old car (more then 8 years) to be recycled you receive another ticket of 6500 Lei = 1595 $. So, you can get a total of 6504.66 $ in tickets. There is a limited amount of money for this tickets so first come first serve rule applies. If you fo not have a car for recycling you usually can buy a ticket form another owner at a price of around 1200 Lei = 294 $. The process is very birocratically and it usually made by the dealer. The prices here for EV are very high, the I-MiEV is 31.200 EUR = 34.418 $.

in Budapest(HU.) electric cars have free parking,anytime in the whole city.(extremely severe ,punishing ticketing,with little space available….)

http://www.theicct.org/comparison-ev-policies-europe-2016 is a detailed look at various European countries. Norway is not part of the EU but is an obvious extra to highlight their leadership versus the EU!

Great round up of incentives within the EU.
It would be good to see the rest of the world as well.

In Hungary plug-in cars are entitled for green color license plate, which gives free parking at local government operated parking spaces. There were rumors to use of bus lane (similar to HOV sticker), but it has not been granted.

There’s an important caveat to the Irish incentives. Both the vehicle model AND the dealer must be registered for the scheme (Tesla is not for example). Also commercial purchases see incentive drop by as much as 50%. Until recently financing a private purchase was considered by the rules to make it a commercial purchase (though Nissan ignored this).