Tesla Model S

Tesla Model S

The DOE's Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy has released an interesting comparison on the ranges of cars with different types of powertrains: all-electric, plug-in hybrid and conventional + hybrids.

The results show the minimum and maximum range of every category, using EPA ratings for 2016 model year cars on the road though July.

The median of BEVs range is just 83.5 miles, which is ~4.9-times less than conventional models. However, the median for plug-in hybrids (PHEV) is actually higher thanĀ standard petrol vehicles and traditional hybrids.

The other finding is that some all-electric models in series production today, exceed range of some ICEs. Naturally these cars mentioned in the report must be Tesla Model S (294 miles of 90D) followed by Model X.

Editor's Note: Although as with all data, it gets old almost as soon as you print itĀ - the recently announced 100 kWh versions of the Tesla Model S (up to 315 miles) and Model X (289 miles) have again raised the range ceiling for production EVs.

"Although most electric vehicles (EV) have shorter ranges than gasoline vehicles, there are EVs with ranges equal to or greater than some gasoline-powered models.

For the 2016 model year (MY) the maximum range for an all-electric vehicle (AEV) is 294 miles while the minimum range for a gasoline model is 240 miles. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) use both gasoline and electricity drawn from the grid. The all-electric range of PHEV models varies greatly, and the total gasoline and electric range of a PHEV is between 150 and 600 miles in MY2016 vehicles.

The ranges for EVs have been increasing since their debut in the mass market but technological improvements have also increased the ranges for gasoline vehicles. For 2016, the median range for gasoline vehicles is 412 miles while the highest range is just over 700 miles.


  • Vehicle ranges are Environmental Protection Agency estimated ranges. Each make and model was counted only once, selecting the configuration with the longest range.
  • Plug-in hybrid vehicle range is the total of both gasoline and electric miles, assuming a fully-charged battery and a full tank of gasoline.
  • Hybrid-electric vehicles which are fueled only with gasoline are included in the gasoline vehicle data."

source: energy.gov