Combined Charging System (CCS)
Volvo Cars announced the need for standardized charging infrastructure for electric cars, and as such put its support behind the Combined Charging System (CCS).
The Swedish company needed to make choice between CHAdeMO and Combo, as by 2019 it intends to introduce an all-new pure electric model, which will be in need of fast charging.
To date, Volvo has utilized only AC charging inlets - both the Type 1 (J1772) or Type 2. Moving to combo then isn't any suprise.
"To support this drive towards a global standard for electric car charging, Volvo Cars has decided to throw its weight behind the Charging Interface Initiative, a consortium of stakeholders that was founded to establish their Combined Charging System (CCS) as the standard for charging battery-powered vehicles.
In order to cement the increasing popularity of electric vehicles and ensure that customers fully embrace the technology, Dr Mertens argues that a simple, standardised, fast and global charging infrastructure is needed."
Volvo Cars' vision of an electric future
Dr Peter Mertens, the company’s Senior Vice President for Research & Development said:
“We see that a shift towards fully electric cars is already underway, as battery technology improves, costs fall and charging infrastructure is put in place. But while we are ready from a technology perspective, the charging infrastructure is not quite there yet. To really make range anxiety a thing of the past, a globally standardised charging system is sorely needed.”
In Europe - the Type 2 plug/inlet enables charging in 1-phase or 3-phase (up to 43 kW), and with two additional heavy-duty lines in the CCS version, some ~200 kW could be send to the vehicle.
According to Volvo, there is still prospects to even increase that power level to the 350 kW in the future.
"The Combined Charging System, which will offer both regular and fast charging capabilities, makes electric car ownership increasingly practical and convenient – especially in urban environments which are ideal for electric vehicles.
It combines single-phase with rapid three-phase charging, using alternating current at a maximum of 43 kilowatts (kW), as well as direct-current charging at a maximum of 200 kW and the future possibility of up to 350 kW – all in a single system.
The Charging Interface Initiative is currently in the process of drawing up requirements for the evolution of charging-related standards and certification for use by car makers around the globe."
Dr. Mertens add:
“We are very happy to support and be involved in the setting of standards for electric vehicle charging systems. The lack of such a standard is one of the main obstacles for growing electric vehicles’ share of the market.”
Volvo V60 Twin Engine - model year 2016