BMW i3 Battery Pack
Every battery, no matter how durable, will some day end its life and it's smart to think about battery after-life early on.
BMW Group France recently signed a partnership agreement with Société Nationale d’Affinage des Métaux (SNAM) to recycle old batteries.
Both NiMH and lithium-ions, from ActiveHybrid 3, ActiveHybrid 5, ActiveHybrid 7, i3, i8, and probably future models will be processed by SNAM.
According to the press release, current law in the European Union obliges to recycle minimum of 50% weight of batteries (of course it would be good to recycle more if such a process is viable).
It's important that all plug-in vehicle makers consider the second-life/after-life for EV batteries. Soon, the market will be full of batteries that no longer serve their original automotive purpose.