European Union opt for AC Type 2 and DC Combo 2 charging standards

European Union opt for AC Type 2 and DC Combo 2 charging standards

So, as you might have been expected after the Committee on Transport and Tourism of the European Parliament published this bit of joyful creativity, the CHAdeMO Association responded that it's deeply concerned for the future of the CHAdeMO standard and questions what Europe wishes to achieve and whether or not Europe wants to truly promote e-mobility.

This is a very important matter that we believe should be supported by the EV communities around the world, because CHAdeMO Association founders developed CHAdeMO quick charging standard when no other solutions were available on the market.  Furthermore, CHAdeMO pushed to make EVs more capable by getting out the quick -charge standard when  others showed no interest at all.

Now, after all these efforts from CHAdeMO, some officials at the EU indicate that from 2019 on, perhaps there will be no new CHAdeMO chargers in the EU (the final decision on this matter won't come until perhaps April 2014, but this situation has been going on for a long time now).

Is this really reckless operation, or conscious action to favor other solutions and the groups of companies with big money behind the scene?

CHAdeMO Association has around 990 fast chargers in Europe now and over 30,000 electric cars that can use the standard. This is one per 30 cars - a substantial investment because typical fast charger need hundreds of compatible cars to be viable.

Nissan Makes CHAdeMO Smile

Nissan Makes CHAdeMO Smile

Around the world, the number of CHAdeMO chargers is approaching to 4,000 units mark and we believe there to be well over 120,000 compatible cars. Every single year from 2010 to 2013 this was, is, and will be in near term the most popular standard of quick charging, because nobody sells as many fast charging-enabled cars a month as CHAdeMO-enabled cars.

In Europe, we see reinforcement of CHAdeMO from Mitsubishi, which has just started selling the Outlander PHEV and the new Nissan-NV200 next year, so there is no chance that VW or BMW will sell more EVs with Combo 2 (aka CCS), especially since sales of Combo 2 has just begun and it's an option on the BMW i3, not standard.

Despite this tremendous difference with the number of cars, number of charging points and sales volume, the EU seems intent on marginalizing CHAdeMO.

Even if the Combo 2 standard is better, this rule is just not fair for pioneers and, at the very least the EU's years of delaying the development of its own standard should, together with the Combo 2 group, find a way to compensate the efforts and pay the bill for inlet change in every CHAdeMO car sold in Europe and for every CHAdeMO charger installed.

Passing the law that will ban new installations of standalone CHAdeMO stations in 2014 from 2019 on will force carmakers to prepare electric cars only for Combo 2 before 2019, because nobody will go down a blind alley with a limited number of points and every year after 2019 the number of CHAdeMO chargers becoming stalled or decreasing. This is just the death of a standard.
charger plugs chademo sae

In other words, if law requires multi-standard units or Combo 2 stand-alone then this is a just privilege for German and American (minus Tesla) carmakers affiliated with CCS standard.

In my opinion, this is just insane because everybody can - if needed - install one CHAdeMO charger and one Combo 2 instead of one multi-standard. Or, for example, 4 CHAdeMO and 1 Combo 2 if this will be the right proportion needed to satisfy market demand. There is no need to standardize this now, because investors will decide which charger to buy to attract more EVs at the lowest cost.

With CCS too late to the party, we think CHAdeMO, Tesla and any others who choose to should be able to go their own way.


In response to the EuropeanCommision’s proposal for a directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, the Committee on Transport and Tourism of the European Parliament has adopted a draft report on 26 November, in which the CHAdeMO DC fast charging protocol is recognised until 1 January 2019 in Europe. While this report is still to be discussed until the plenary vote next year, as this shall be the base of upcoming discussions, CHAdeMO Association wishes to express its reactions to the adoption of this report.

CHAdeMO Association welcomes the official reference to the CHAdeMO DC fast charging protocol in this report and appreciates the clear statement guaranteeing that existing CHAdeMO chargers remain in service for an indefinite duration of time. The official reference comes as a clear recognition of the 990 CHAdeMO chargers currently in operation in Europe and servicing more than 30,000 users every day. Now that EV’s are becoming a mass market reality in many markets it is essential that a convenient and affor dable fast charging solution is officially recognised and reassures these users that they have made the right choice.

However, it is unfortunate that the TRAN Committee has decided to adopt the notion of an arbitrary end date for building new CHAdeMO chargers for public use in Europe, despite our last position statement (11 September 2013) and our members’ continued efforts to inform the policy makers about the negative effect of this on the deployment of EV infrastructure. While we understand that the directive does not “ban” CHAdeMO from the market, by giving an end date to its public installations, it will de facto stall the investments into CHAdeMO chargers and eventually in fast chargers in general. CHAdeMO is the only widely commercialized and readily available DC fast charging technology, and, in the absence of any other type of fast chargers that is proven to be reliable for public installation or EVs equipped with such technology as standard features, this will make investors question what Europe wishes to achieve.

We are concerned that this shall disappoint the 30,000 CHAdeMO EV owners in the long run, who are the most passionate proponents of e-mobility and who were counting on us to continue expanding our fast charging network. We are concerned that there may be an impact on jobs here in Europe. Many CHAdeMO EVs and batteries are assembled in Europe, notably in the U.K. and in Spain, where we cannot afford more job loss. In addition, there are 13 CHAdeMO-charger manufacturers and over 40 CHAdeMO-based charging operators in Europe. We are also concerned that this wording may make the outputs from large-scale EU-funded fast charging projects largely obsolete even before the results come out.

The work by CHAdeMO association members and the chargers that have been put in place and operating for the past three years produced data that helped create a consensus among e-mobility stakeholders that fast chargers are indispensable for wide EV adoption. Thus, unhindered development of the deployment of fast chargers should be a priority of the European policy makers, if they want to truly promote e-mobility. This can only be achieved through an open endorsement of dual-standard approach to DC fast charging. The industry is aligned on the principle that the dual-standard chargers should be the way forward. We hope that the European policy makers will duly support this industry initiative by explicitly ensuring CHAdeMO to stay in the European market in the longer term, enabling us to continue to service the present and future CHAdeMO-equipped EV/PHEV drivers."

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