Nissan Is A Founding Member And The Driving Force Behind The CHAdeMO Protocol
CHAdeMO Association recently published its response on the European Parliament's draft on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. The initial draft aroused fears that the CHAdeMO standard will be slowly phased out in Europe.
From Left to Right: Mennekes, CHAdeMO and Combo
First of all, CHAdeMO Association sees the problem that we were describing earlier that “a time-limited transitional period ending on 31 December 2018” is big hit for CHAdeMO - members, CHAdeMO-capable EV owners and infrastructure investors.
"This idea of a potential “end date” in mere five years has triggered a great deal of concerns and questions among e-mobility investors that have brought about some unfavourable reactions in the markets already. In fact, some EV fast charging infrastructure projects are stalling or delayed here in Europe. Five years obviously is not long enough to convince investors to support CHAdeMO in the long term."
Without a clear statement, many people fear that the winner has already been chosen by the European Union and that CHAdeMO will be slowly marginalized. This situation is of course in favor of the Combined Charge System alliance.
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In Europe, there are now almost 30,000 CHAdeMO-enabled EVs and almost 900 CHAdeMO fast chargers. In comparison to the non-existent CCS infrastructure and no vehicles on the market (sales begins at the end of the year).
The main question is, will BMW and VW start to sell EVs and install quick chargers in volume to meet Nissan levels or will the new law will force CHAdeMO alliance (mainly Nissan) and operators to install dual-standard (instead of potentially banned CHAdeMO-only) to build infrastructure for companies that weren't (and perhaps still aren't) so committed to EVs?
We must remember that the range-extender option for the BMW i3 is expected to account for a significant % of sales and that VWs will have CCS just as an option.
Also, on the logic side - a dual-standard point at BMW, VW or Ford dealers will serve many Nissan LEAFs and Mitsubishi i-MiEV owners. On the flip side, dual-standard at Nissan dealers will be used mainly by CHAdeMO-enabled because CCS cars are overhelmed maybe 300:1 and this proportion still growing.
So, if we should force anybody from a single-standard to a multi-standard, we think it should be the player with less vehicles on the market.
The European Union helped this problem to swell by adopting standards very slowly.
Now, the European Union is left with 3 options:
- Do nothing (you can install whatever charging station you want and market will develop its own way)
- Harm CHAdeMO alliance in favor of CCS alliance (you must install CCS or multi-standard unit)
- Force all to have multi-standard (making costs unnecessarily higher because not both standards will be needed in all locations)
It's our belief that perhaps the right option is for the European Union to do nothing. The EU was to slow to react and the market has already established itself.
Original Press Release:
"CHADEMO STATEMENT ON THE TRAN COMMITTEE DRAFT REPORT ON THE PROPOSAL FOR A DIRECTIVE ON THE DEPLOYMENT OF ALTERNATIVE FUELS INFRASTRUCTURE
In response to the European Commission proposal for a directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, the Committee on Transport and Tourism of the European Parliament has prepared a draft report. While this draft is yet to be discussed by the distinguished members of the European Parliament in the coming months, as this shall be the base of these upcoming discussions, CHAdeMO Association wishes to express its reactions to the proposed wording of this draft report*.
First of all, CHAdeMO Association welcomes the first reference to the CHAdeMO DC fast charging protocol in this draft. CHAdeMO is clearly recognised as the existing standard and an “alternative” connector to Combo2.
However, the draft’s suggestion that such adoption of CHAdeMO be “a time-limited transitional period ending on 31 December 2018” is problematic. This idea of a potential “end date” in mere five years has triggered a great deal of concerns and questions among e-mobility investors that have brought about some unfavourable reactions in the markets already. In fact, some EV fast charging infrastructure projects are stalling or delayed here in Europe. Five years obviously is not long enough to convince investors to support CHAdeMO in the long term.
The suggested time-limited period is also causing unnecessary confusions about the future of fast charging infrastructure already installed. Existing CHAdeMO-enabled EVs will need to be serviced for a period of 10+ years at least, and the existing infrastructure and related charging service businesses will need to continue accordingly.
These question marks would inevitably risk the overall EV market to stall, since CHAdeMO is the only widely commercialized and readily available DC fast charging technology today, and there is no other type of fast chargers that is proven to be reliable for public installation or EVs equipped with such technology.
The industry is aligned on the principle that the dual-standard chargers should be the way forward. A number of European charger manufacturers have already developed and released dual-standard chargers that can service all EVs equipped with different types of fast-charging standards including CHAdeMO. Such dual-standard chargers shall be welcomed by the almost 30,000 current CHAdeMO-enabled EV users and by all future users in Europe, as more charge stations mean more charge points for all. This shall be a good solution for investors in the public charging business as it will enable them to recover costs faster. The automakers shall also welcome this, as the lack of charging infrastructure will no longer be an issue for their EV business.
CHAdeMO Association believes that such dual-standard chargers equipped with both CHAdeMO and Combo2 should be the European standard. We sincerely hope that the European Union will duly support this industry initiative."