Netherlands Moves To Only Allow EV Sales By 2025 – End Of Gas, Petrol


The Netherlands isn’t kidding around when it comes to an emission free future.

Plug-in electric car sales in the Netherlands (data source: EV Sales Blog) – December 2015

Plug-in electric car sales in the Netherlands (data source: EV Sales Blog) – December 2015

In a majority vote, the lower house of Dutch parliament supported a motion to no longer allow new sales of petrol or diesel cars from 2025.  The action was brought by the PvdA, which would bring forward Netherland’s commitment to full electric transportation by decades.

If followed through on (via a Labour motion for the Cabinet’s support), in 2025 only sustainable, zero-emission cars will be available to be purchased.

We assume those still individuals and businesses requiring petrol vehicles (that are yet to be offered via a plug) will have to rely on the used segment of the market from this point on.

While there is obviously a lot of disagreement over such a radical plan, PvdA leader Diederik Samsom thinks the plan is completely feasible.

Reports the NL Times on the reaction from opponents:

Coalition partner VVD finds the motion overambitious and unrealistic. VVD Minister Henk Kamp of Economic Affairs thinks that at most 15 percent of all sold cars can be completely electric in 2025. Party leader Halbe Zijlstra thinks the plan contradicts the Energy Agreement. “It seems crazy to get this plan to work. I think we’ll have to withdraw from the Energy Agreement”, he said.

Which is refuted by PvdA leader Diederik Samsom, who disagrees.

He (Sampsom) thinks the plan is completely feasible – technology in this area is advancing at a rapid pace and other countries are already ahead of the Netherlands. The plan also has nothing to do with the energy agreement, according to him. “That agreement runs until 2023, we are free in what we do after that. We are ambitious, perhaps other parties are less so”, he said, according to the broadcaster.”

Last year in Paris, eight US states and five countries (one of which being the Netherlands) joined the International Zero-Emission Vehicle (ZEV) Alliance, pledging to make all new passenger vehicles sales electric by 2050.

In 2015, the Netherlands saw over 43,000 new plug-ins purchased, out of some 449,347 registrations, good for a 9.6% market share.

We could only imagine the reaction if the US, or other major auto producing country, also made a commitment such as this.


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83 responses to "Netherlands Moves To Only Allow EV Sales By 2025 – End Of Gas, Petrol"
  1. Someone out there says:

    The timing makes sense although I doubt this legislation is needed. I’ve said several times before that it’s going to be difficult to sell a gas car to the public in 2030. EVs will be so much better by then that the public will simply reject fossil burners outright. Well ok, there might still be some luddite refusing to get with the times but those will be so far and few between that it won’t make financial sense to stock gas cars just for them.

    1. Steve says:

      Don’t forget that selling oil products will become less profitable, and there will be less locations to do it. Therefore it will be more inconvenient to own and operate an oil-burning car. => vicious circle.

      Also by 2030 there will be less mechanics able to service oil-burning engines. It won’t just be laws stopping people from buying them… it’ll be the hassle.

      1. Steve says:


      2. Owen Kellogg says:

        If there is money to be made there will never be a shortage of anything

    2. fotomoto says:

      I strip away the old debris
      That hides a shining car
      A brilliant red Barchetta
      From a better vanished time
      I fire up the willing engine
      Responding with a roar
      Tires spitting gravel
      I commit my weekly crime

      1. Potato says:


      2. G2 says:

        Nice RUSH riff.
        We could rewrite for BEVs…

      3. Alpha777 says:

        Tesla proves you won’t want to drive that old guzzler.

  2. Rob says:

    What is required to become law? Is it likely to become law?

  3. James says:

    Wow, that’s dramatic. Meanwhile, we are still swamped by oversize trucks and SUV’s as grocery-getters. But where else can you put a gun rack?

    1. Kevin C. says:

      I’ll weld a gun rack on my cargo bike trailer. Come on:-!

    2. sven says:

      Don’t listen to Newt Gingrich. You can put a gun rack in your Chevy Volt. 😉

  4. Djoni says:

    Remake of
    “This is it”

  5. David Murray says:

    This is really fascinating. I was just wondering recently what would happen if the USA did something like this. It basically gives people 10 years advance notice that new gasmobiles are going to be banned. That’s going to send a message to a lot of people. It will certainly drive more investment in charging infrastructure. But also car manufacturers will have to make sure they have products available for sale in that country by 2025.

    1. jelloslug says:

      We can’t even get car manufacturers to hold the deadline to install backup cameras on cars. Something like that would never be enforced.

      1. Jay Cole says:


        We were actually just talking about this recently.

        The common thought has always been that plug-in tech is still developing…and that we have to wait for that glorious day when the tech is heralded complete (and there are 300 mile all-electric trucks available that can refill in 5 minutes in every city, for under 30k), before we mandate too much of their adoption. But really, being fully ready today is inconsequential to a decision to stop the sales of gas/diesel vehicles.

        For arguments sake, lets assume this announcement/motion was a reality in the US today. The US would now have 10 more years of petrol sales, but even once those sales stopped, there would still be some ~260 million petrol vehicles on the road for people who “couldn’t live without them” or “there was no plug-in solution”. These gas/diesel vehicles would be in service for decades – meaning that in reality, there would still be a 20+ year period of adjustment available.

        And we all know if petrol/diesel vehicles were not legal for sale in 2025, you can bet a full compliment of plug-in vehicles to offset them would be readily available to meet that demand.

        That being said, it is a thought bubble/concept most society is just not ready (or willing to accept), especially in the US where having the government telling you what is best for you has all the popularity of Jeb!

        …still fun to muse nonetheless

        1. alain says:

          push comes to shove ! this is something to reflex about !talk about a goverment puthing there pants on!they should of done it 20 years ago in the u.s .big market like that would of made a big diffence to meet 2 degrees wich is so important.

        2. Just_Chris says:

          The quest for 100% zero emission, 100% renewable road transport is something I think about quite a lot.

          The vast majority of road vehicles could be replaced by EV’s using today’s or something very close to today’s technology provided there was adequate charging infrastructure but it is really hard to think of a battery based solution for every application – long haul HGV’s being a good example but there are also plenty of other vehicles that are driven long distances far from the electrical grid or where weight is critical. I can’t see a massive change in battery performance in the next decade, if it is going to be ready (and cheap enough) for millions of cars by 2025 then we would need to have working prototypes on the road by now and we just don’t have anything at that stage. In short, I think the technology in a Tesla will be cheap enough by 2025 for you to replace the Camry but I think there are still jobs that a petrol Camry can do that a Tesla can’t.

          IMO, as much as people here will hate me for saying it, the 100% solution requires a mix of BEV’s and something that runs on a fuel. Hydrocarbon fuels that come from corn, waste wood, sewage, light sweet crude or any other source all have the same problem – they still pollute at point of use and they are limited by the efficiency of ICE engines. The most efficient engine is a fuel cell and the easiest, cheapest and most efficient fuel to make from renewable energy is hydrogen. Yes I know that the round trip efficiency is very low especially when you take into account compression but as a solution it works and is ready to go. There also needs to be some realization that if we are going to shift our grid to RE then there will be a vast over capacity in the system most of the time. That energy is not free but it is certainly cheap enough to make fuel for transport vehicles.

          So I think the Dutch target of 2025 is perfectly attainable from a technical perspective but, much like legalizing prostitution and smoking pot, it is controversial and unlikely to happen on a global scale.

          BTW I am not against the Norwegian option which essentially to go to a BEV plus PHEV mix which I think with bio-fuels could be a perfectly sustainable transport pathway. It is just not 100% emission free and there will be some segments (like HGV’s) that would not see a dramatic increase in efficiency under this option.

          Anyway what ever the future it has to be better than what we have at the moment which is pretty shocking.

          1. Speculawyer says:

            Yeah, it is hard to deal with big long-haul vehicles. But they can be handled with biofuels, fuel cells, natural gas, and other oil alternatives.

            A lot of heavy long-distance transport should be shifted over to electrified rail. Batteries can handle local delivery truck work.

            1. Mark C says:

              More of the Smith Newton type short haul delivery trucks and a dramatic increase in railroad trackage so trains could handle the long haul part of the equation.

              We’d still need a vastly larger number of short haul trucks, more distribution hubs and more railroad workers. Should offset the loss of long haul trucking jobs without requiring to dramatic a change in skill set.

          2. Nero says:

            Is it just looks like, or you really don’t know that hydrogen fueled vehicle is still same BEV? Just “fed” in a bit different way

        3. mr. M says:

          “and there are 300 mile all-electric trucks available that can refill in 5 minutes in every city, for under 30k”

          A 5 minute refill for under 30k$ seems quite expensive to me, i would expect something in the 24-30$ region for a refill.

          😀 😀 😀 😀

          1. Godo Stoyke says:

            5 minute refill seems too short. Even a Tesla being “supercharged” requires 30 minutes for an 80% refill.

        4. Jeff Songster says:

          As Climate change begins to really hit the part of the hockey stick that accelerates lowland flooding worldwide… as the gulfstream shuts down and the superstorms begin to wipe clean the red states… Smart folks will be proud that they started ending the age of ICE. In other words… it is likely already too late… but better late than never. Glad to live in one of the more advanced thinking states. California.

          1. Owen Kellogg says:

            Wow, you must also believe in unicorns and elves.

    2. G2 says:

      I’m expecting money to pour in to support the ‘freedom’ of ‘the people’ to use gas guzzlers and to overthrow the ‘oppressive govt’.

      Koch Bros playbook…

      1. TomArt says:


      2. Jeff Songster says:

        Absolutely… the greedy creeps will continue to tell us why we NEED petroleum powered explody cars.

    3. Pushmi-Pullyu says:

      David Murray said:

      “I was just wondering recently what would happen if the USA did something like this.”

      The same thing that happened when CARB tried to mandate that auto makers had to make a certain percentage of their vehicles zero-emission if they wanted to sell them in California, back circa 1998. The auto makers and Big Oil lobbied the California legislature to roll back the mandate… which they did.

      But this sort of measure couldn’t possibly happen now or in the near future in the U.S. congress. The Big Oil lobby is much, much too strong. Politics will have to change quite a bit in our country for that to happen. And the sooner that happens, the better!

      1. Jeff Songster says:

        I believe that the article said that 8 US states have agreed to do the same thing on a slightly longer timeframe. Looking forward to it. Hoping that Nissan will release their eNV200 minivan in a 150 mile version… and maybe a Frontier sized truck too… And LEAF 2. The Smith EV work trucks could easily scale for larger loads… I’ve seen a school bus converted… If other makers simply licensed out powertrains from Tesla to fit to their new models… this whole thing can convert… and sure some dinosaurs will hang on to their UTES until the end… but who cares by then they will be completely marginalized. Cities won’t smell nearly as bad… Rivers and streams will run cleaner… the air we breathe will not look like a dust storm so often. Asthma will minimize. This seems an ok idea to me. Now if we could just ban the burning of tobacco in public places so I never again have to unwillingly breathe anyone else toxins… I’d be thrilled.

  6. Benz says:

    The VVD (liberals) will not put any effort to make it happen.

    It’s just a request to the government to come up with a plan to realise what has been proposed by the PvdA (socialists).

    After the next elections, when the seats in the Parliament will be reshuffeled, it might be different, but I don’t expect anything from it to be realised.

    1. Benz says:

      Personally I am in favour of this plan. Let that be clear. I even think that they should do it sooner than 2025.

    2. arne-nl says:

      To be sure: the VVD is what people would call ‘conservatives’. The political meaning of the word ‘liberal’ is different in our country.

  7. Ian says:

    When faced with drastic change the scared and weak will rally to support and defend the status quo. Just step out of the way and let those with vision, drive and a clear direction to move forward. This move to electrification for vehicles is so obvious yet I saw two gas stations built in the last month with nowhere to charge electric vehicles. It’s good to see a country taking steps to change for the positive.

    1. Speculawyer says:

      I have actually seen a couple gas stations near me close down. I’m wondering if there has been a detectable lowering of gasoline sales in the SF Bay Area. Since it is now impossible to drive around the Peninsula without seeing plenty of LEAFs, Volts, i3s, Fiat 500s, and scores of Teslas . . . I would think that gasoline sales have to be down now around here.

      (However, I do know that where I live is not at all representative of the nation . . . we are the tip of the spear.)

      1. sven says:

        Don’t forget the effect of more fuel efficient ICE cars on the number of gas stations. Over the last couple of years, the average fuel economy of ICE cars increased 25% from 20 mpg to 25 mpg. If the number of ICE cars on the road stayed level during that time period, gasoline demand would have decreased by a corresponding 25%.

      2. Just_chris says:

        Fuel use in he EU and USA is currently decreasing, I think 2015 was flat but since the gfc oil demand form the developed world is tilting in the right direction, down.

      3. ItsNotAboutTheMoney says:

        In an area with high property prices, it’s quite likely that it’s simply the ability to make more money by selling to a property developer.

      4. Jeff Songster says:

        I would guess that most of the current pressure on gasoline sales in the bay area comes from Costco and Safeway selling fuel at a discount. Such a better way to buy fuel. Buy groceries that get you a discount and fill up only on that. We’ve been doing it for years now. We drive electric 95% of time… and when we don’t we buy heavily discounted gas for our Prius.

  8. Veselin says:

    Norway did the same. By 2025 petrol cars will be baned by low.

    1. Cerio says:

      Very low indeed.

    2. Alaa says:

      25% of the newly sold cars in Norway today are electric. About this time last year it was 15%. They year before that it was 6%. So if we look at the future we can see that Norway will reach 100% long before 2025. I think by 2019 if not earlier. It remains to be seen what will happen to trucks. 18 wheelers as they call them in the USA.

      1. BraveLilToaster says:

        Except this curve is far from linear, and the last 10% of any job takes 50% of the time to completion.

        Even so, even making 90% of our new cars electric (or, er, otherwise “zero emissions”) is still a giant leap forward, and an enormous improvement on the situation today. I honestly don’t care how long that last 10% takes.

        1. Pushmi-Pullyu says:

          Right. The growth is an “S” curve; that last 10-20% of gasmobile sales won’t go away soon, unless it’s banned by law. But once PEV sales are more than 50% of the market, it seems possible that it will become actually possible to have an outright ban on gasmobile sales within several years, in countries where the legislature is more-or-less free from corruption… unlike the USA, where it’s firmly entrenched. 🙁

      2. Jeff Songster says:

        18 wheelers are way less efficient than rail… so rebuild bigger freight depots and build more railcars and sidings. Then use Smith Electric box or pickup trucks to finish the local deliveries from the depots.

  9. Bone says:

    Reminds me of the Swedish parliament decision to phase-out nuclear power by 2010. Not so surprisingly, it didn’t happen. Political decisions made for years ahead don’t have much weight.

    1. miggy says:

      New Zealand is and has always been free of nuclear power.

  10. kosee says:

    As I understand it right it’s not that petrol sales will be illegal, just so expensive comparing that the absolute sales should amount to effectively 0 percent.

    The PvdA makes me very confused because I voted for them and so far they seem to have not made anything true and appeared for more rightist then advertised. They’ve putted a nice bandage today on my rotten stinking wound and I hope it’ll heal. They may have won more souls like me. Let’s hope so.

  11. ffbj says:


  12. Priusmaniac says:

    That will be a hard one on Royal Dutch Shell which is still as the named indicate under a strong royal control and providing tons of money to it. So, getting the Netherlands off of oil is like demanding the queens jewels. It would be great but that will be hard to ink on paper and apply in real life. Royals are hypocrisy stars so good luck! On this one Germany or Ireland are more likely to succeed for real than the Netherlands.

    1. kosee says:

      The king doesn’t have any real power.

      Royal Dutch Shell is a large multinational. The Netherlands driving electric is peanuts to them.

      1. Paul says:

        The “royal” in the name is just a label some important companies of Dutch origin get when they become more then middle aged and have become part of Dutch “culture”. It’s like a music award for a life’s production.

        It has nothing to do with any implication, financial or otherwise, of the royal family in the companies with this label.

        1. Priusmaniac says:

          They still hold much money in oil so their present interest and influence is clear. Now of course if the new king was to sell his shares and become an important Tesla owner instead, that could definitely change the game.

    2. arne-nl says:

      “…which is still as the named indicate under a strong royal control ”

      Absolute poppycock.

  13. Speculawyer says:

    That is quite a bold move. But for a country with much of its land surface below sea level, it is a very understandable and logical move.

    1. kosee says:

      Actually billions are being invested in protecting the Netherlands from the rising water with walls, dikes whatever its called. Less carbon emissions are logical but driving electric for such a small country is more about showing the world it can be done and public health then that it’ll stop the seawater rising.

  14. Assaf says:

    Wow, this is huge. Did the decision become law? Or was that just a preliminary vote?

  15. scratche-GolferA says:

    There are a lot of things that can be done in a small country, that economies of scale do not translate to well for large countries. The Netherlands is one of those very small countries.

    1. Mxs says:

      Bingo … And they always write it to make the big guys look bad. Norway, The neatherlands …. I am sure Luxembourg is next ….

      1. loftus says:

        so if the world was divided up into lots of small countries they’d all be more efficent, able to react quickly and implement meaasures like these more easilly?

  16. Kevin C. says:

    Go Dutch Socialists!
    Or are they just red meat Capitalists with a lot more sense?

  17. Pushmi-Pullyu says:

    While it’s wonderful to see a legislature actually vote for such a measure, nine years in the future is safely far off enough that they can change their minds as the date approaches… as they almost certainly will. In fact, I’d bet money on it.

    A more realistic, more workable approach would be to impose a gradually escalating tax on sales of gasmobiles and gasoline. An outright ban simply isn’t practical; too much of an industrialized nations economy depends on use of gasoline and diesel for transportation.

    1. Ambulator says:

      Right you are!

  18. wavelet says:

    Highly unlikely to happen… That’s probably about 20 years sooner than it can really happen.

  19. sharkvolt says:

    As soon as BEVs get cheaper to buy, cheaper to maintain, cheaper to fill up, and are quicker accelerating, more fun to drive, and smoother and quieter besides, no law will be required to sell them to consumers. They will take over the roads within a few short years. Most of these requirements are already here, and the others are nearly here also.
    Just like Cel phones are replacing landlines, DVDs are replacing VHS tapes, etc., The abandonment of smelly, noisy ICE vehicles will happen with little complaint or fuss, once the public sees how much better they really are.
    There will still be a place in our hearts for all the really cool cars we once drove and owned, and a few of us will still drive one occasionally, just for fun and the nostalgia of it, just like those who still ride horses, or play old phonograph records.

  20. Tesla Mag says:

    Great news but I wonder if it will be effective to push EVs NOW.
    10 years is too long in politics to be sure the law will still be here by then.
    Will it really push manufacturers to do anything, when this is just a tiny market for them anyway?
    It would be so much better if they as well put some progressively increasing quotas starting next year.

  21. Stefan van den Berg says:

    The article actually is misled by a shortened Ducth article. The motion only says that the government should STRIVE the goal of 100% sustainable vehicle sales in 2025.

    Hence there is nothing being said about a ban of fossil fuel vehicles.
    Nice statement of the lower house, but it’s not binding to do anything.

    Longer article about it in Dutch:

    1. Epicurus says:

      Will it happen regardless of what the government says or does because of the lower operating, fuel and maintenance costs of EVs, and perhaps because of the Dutch people’s desire for cleaner air?

      1. Stefan van den Berg says:

        First part is speculation, so i will not dive into that. But the second point is not the case: The sales have a high correlation with the subsidies, hence the minor share of BEV even though distances are so small.
        Also there is a high tax on electricity (more than half of the €0.23 per kwh), so driving on electricity is not so cheap as in other countries.

      2. David Drake says:

        Yes the Tesla Model 3 or Chevrolet Bolt will set the bar’

    2. notting says:

      How should there be 100% sustainable vehicles in 2025 in the Netherslands, if the goal for 2020 is that only 16% of the electricity comes from renewable sources?,t=in-den-niederlanden-gewinnen-erneuerbare-energien-und-smart-grids-an-bedeutung,did=1008768.html (German, look at the table: Stromproduktion -> Erneuerbare Energien (in %)).

      And lets see how far BEVs are improved until then. Trailers cost much energy -> range and today nearly no BEV has a tow coupling in the pricelist.

      And maybe the EU would say “stop!” if selling new ICE vehicles would be forbidden…


      1. David Dtake says:

        I have an Acura 3.2 TL fantastic car! All the creature comforts acceleration speed etc. BUT with the fast charging network I would give it up for a Tesla model S or X in a heartbeat! And maybe even a Model 3.

  22. cliff says:

    It appears to me that, rather than depending on the used market, anyone who needs a non-EV after that could just take the 15 minutes it takes to cross over into Germany or Belgium and buy one there.

  23. Nicholas says:

    Hopefully wouldn’t be able to import gas cars either.

  24. Gordon Merryweather says:

    I believe most people who support EV would not want the mining operations that are required to create the batteries located in their country, state, etc. It’s a bit hypocritical to push for EV when you’re willing to let someone else’s environment go to waste. Same with mobile phones, computer boards, etc. If you had to bear the costs to your environment to produce these things, I don’t think you would be so happy about it. Not to mention, today’s materials for batteries, which will be use for EV, is only sustainable by recycling those batteries. The recycling process requires fossil fuels and results in toxic/hazardous waste that must be disposed. Not saying that petrol is any better. Just pointing out that there is more to think about long term than just jumping in with both feet. The question is what have we accomplished if now you are dependent on electric companies, battery suppliers, and battery recyclers vs petrol? I feel like the pollution is just being moved somewhere else. Oh well, it’s going to happen anyway and really doesn’t affect me. Cheers.

    1. David Drake says:

      Not at the Megafactory in Reno Nevada!

  25. Marc says:

    April fools ….

  26. Vicky says:

    Ok, let’s say this was actually going to happen.. i don’t think it’s a bad thing if they’d be prepared to convert our older cars for a nominal fee, there are many millions of people who even in 10 years will not be able to afford a brand new car and why should they buy new when the minute they roll off the forecourt the car devalues? That’s a waste of money they can’t afford to lose. They could swap to public transport but trains run on diesel.. Buses struggle with ad blue crystallising in the fuel lines, our industries come from all over the world.. Are they going to run our ships and planes on electric too ?? Xx America runs most it’s industry on diesel, they’re never going to stop that because it will crash their economy and although many countries use wind turbine, hydro power, and solar, there just isn’t the required amount out there to be able to stop powering power stations without the use of .. DIESEL.. Xxx I have a large diesel car.. It’s not because I like it, even tho I do, I have a large extended family, if we all went out in our individual cars we’d spend a lot more on fuel and pump out more carbon than if we all pile into mine, which surely has to be better for the environment doesn’t it? Yet every day people look and sneer at me in my big Chelsea tractor as if to say.. You don’t need that size car, you shouldn’t be driving that thing around! Xxx my Chelsea tractor will remain in the family fold for as long as his wheels keep on turning, 7 years of maintenance have proved him to be more reliable than any motor I’ve owned in 25 years of driving, he’s saved many of my family members a long walk home when their newer cars have failed them at a crucial moment.

  27. Wini says:

    Holland got shares in battery companies?

  28. Henk-Jan Vrielink, Netherlands says:

    Sorry but this is total cock and bull.

    No such vote ever passed trhough Parliament nor has any such law passed in the Netherlands.

    What did poass however was an declaration of intent to cut back on all fossil fuels in the next 10 years.

    Which is totally different from what you bring as headline news.

    Get your facts right please.

  29. Malcolm Earp says:

    I can only assume that there will have to be a massive investment in nuclear energy to provide the electricity. Remember Singapore where a Tesla owner was fined Euro 10k because the pollution caused to charge his car exceeded that of a gas guzzler.

  30. Terry says:

    News today was a lot of gas guzzlers were stopped from being used in Mexico city. This will probably be the norm until EVs are the major sedan. The European countries will all most likely do this for sedans. Ted Cruz needs to see and understand what is going on with EVs. I am sure all he can think of is the stupid pipeline where he wants to take away property. Ted Cruz needs to take a drive in Rick Perry’s Tesla.