Median EPA Range For 2018 Electric Cars Increased To 125 Miles

JAN 15 2019 BY MARK KANE 16

Half of the BEVs on the market can now go more than 125 miles (200 km).

According to the US DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy, the median EPA range for all-electric cars in the U.S. increased for the 2018 model year by almost 10% year-over-year, from 114 miles in 2017 to 125 miles (around 200 km).

For 2018, there were 14 BEVs to choose from, while in 2011 there were just three (median then was just 73 miles).

The median is the value separating the higher half from the lower half of a data sample – wiki.

Depending on the model, the range of all-electric cars varies from 58 (electric smart) to 335 miles (Tesla Model S 100D). In 2011, the range varied from 63 to 94 miles.

The median increases as there are more longer-range electric cars on the market and, by the way, those longer-range models seem to now account for the majority of sales. It clearly shows that consumers are willing to go electric if the car is capable of long-distance travel. In the near term, we will probably see a median of over 150 miles (240 km), while the majority of sales will be of cars with range above 200 miles (320 km) or even 250 miles (400 km).

Note: Median is based on the models listed in the supporting data spreadsheet; some of these AEV models are available with different battery capacities/body styles, which have shorter ranges.

Source: U.S. Department of Energy, FuelEconomy.Gov data, accessed December 4, 2018.


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16 Comments on "Median EPA Range For 2018 Electric Cars Increased To 125 Miles"

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Would be nice to append this article with a graph with each vehicle and their range. And cost per mile of range.

I’m curious to know who the worst offenders are for short range now.

Leaf 2018 is one of the lowest and probably some small cars like eup, fiat e500 and smart

2018 Leaf is above average (151 vs median of 125), so it by definition can’t be one of the lowest.

Not sure I understand the metric here, this is the median of the range of all available BEVs available in the US? I would think a more meaningful metric would be the weighted average range of EVs sold in each calendar year. Given the volume of Tesla and Chevy Bolts sold last year, I’d imagine that would be much close to 200 miles.

True. And Maybe closer to 300 miles since it’s only long and mid range 3s that have been sold so far and those make up about 90% of all BEV sales

Exactly, if you used the statistic for the Mode, or most common range based on sales, the average range would be 310 miles. Looking at the Median of the available cars doesn’t tell us much about the actual cars in circulation. I think Mode is more interesting here than Median of models available.

Edit: Let’s say there is a reason that all the new manufacturers that look to be successful are marking about 300 mile range EVs as standard (or offered), including ID Neo, ID Crozz, and more. The bare minimum I think is 200 miles to have a large market share (there is a market for less than 200, just a smaller market). The Model 3 Standard will be interesting. Will it outsell the more expensive but longer range models? Or will it be like standard Model S and not sell as well? Wait and see.

I think 200 is bare minimum and still a compromise vs. cost. For me, living in a cold climate with long winters, 300 would be the sweet spot. 200 is not enough assuming 25% range lose when driving in cold with snow tires and heat on. Also 300 miles would enable long road trips with almost no compromise. (in summer)

Agreed completely, I would look at Model 3 Long Range, but not standard. Live in Iowa. The high is supposed to be 4 F (-16 C) on Sun with a a low of -10 F (-23 C). Driving 75 mph on the highway would mean terrible range. Even a heat pump wouldn’t help the range in that cold. The ID Crozz is looking very interesting to me, especially if they keep the price down and have at least 250 mile range. The Model Y as well, but really don’t know any specs on it yet.

Rather than Mode, I think you want the Median of BEVs SOLD, not just those available. This essentially weights the number based on the number of new cars on the road, and doesn’t give low volume / short range BEVs a disproportionate impact.

I like median, but think there should be some cutoff for cars that barely sell. If we included all cars sold, then we’d just be state the Model 3 specs.

How about a mean and a 1 sigma number here, while we are suggesting more specs – or what the heck, crank them all out to get a broader view of what is going on.

I would think a more meaningful metric would be the weighted average range of EVs sold in each calendar year” Agreed. For 2018 the weighted average in the US would be over 280 miles. According to IEV’s report card about 80% of all BEVs sold in the US are Teslas and most of those are TM3s. Below are IEV sales numbers for 2018 and reported EPA estimates. The only significant variables are the EPA values you use for the Teslas since they have multiple values and we don’t know what proportions each model are. Tesla Model 3* 139,782 330 Tesla Model X* 26,100 290 Tesla Model S* 25,745 280 Chevrolet Bolt EV* 18,019 238 Nissan LEAF 14,715 150 BMW i3 (BEV + REx) 6,117 83 Fiat 500e** 2,250 84 Volkswagen e-Golf 1,354 125 smart ED 1,219 58 Kia Soul EV* 1,134 111 Honda Clarity BEV* 948 89 Ford Focus Electric 560 100 Jaguar I-Pace* 393 234 Hyundai IONIQ EV* 345 124 Mercedes B250e 135 87

That’s pretty good considering the market still has a ton of kludgey low-volume compliance cars.

Translation: a clear majority of offered model has unusable range.
No wonder Tesla simply takes slmost all of the market.

Ideally a car like Smart-EV which has 58 mile range and sells around 100 units/month should be excluded, but in reality it should be included. I hope they extend the range like others have done.
By all means, MB is not increasing the range to keep the median range lower.