A Closer Look At Legislative Actions For Electric Vehicles In U.S. States

Chevrolet Bolt

APR 12 2018 BY EVANNEX 6


In addition to the U.S. federal tax credit for plug-in electric vehicle purchases, there’s a smorgasbord of state incentives and policies that affect electric drivers. In fact, according to a new report from the NC Clean Energy Technology Center (NCCETC), 43 states and the District of Columbia took some type of action having to do with EVs during 2017.

RELATED: Tesla To Sell 200,000th EV In U.S. In 2018, Tax Credit Phase Out Follows

*This article comes to us courtesy of EVANNEX (which also makes aftermarket Tesla accessories). Authored by Charles Morris. The opinions expressed in these articles are not necessarily our own at InsideEVs.

Electric Vehicles

Above: A look at legislative and regulatory actions regarding electric vehicles across the 50 U.S. States (Source: NC Clean Energy Technology Center)

The new report, The 50 States of Electric Vehicles, reviews the EV-related state regulatory and legislative discussions and actions that took place last year. It will be followed by a series of quarterly reports.

Electric Vehicles

Above: Pushing towards an electric vehicle future, California leads the nation as the most active US state (Source: NC Clean Energy Technology Center)

The NCCETC found that a total of 227 state and utility-level actions were proposed, pending, or decided in 2017. California, New York, Massachusetts, and Minnesota saw the greatest number of actions.

  • 34 states considered or adopted changes to the regulation of EVs.
  • 21 states took action to study or investigate EVs.
  • 20 states considered or approved new incentive programs or changes to existing incentive programs.
  • Utilities or legislatures in 18 states took action related to charging infrastructure.
  • Utilities or legislatures in 14 states considered new utility rates, or changes to existing rates, for EV charging.

Not all actions were pro-EV. Several states considered additional fees for EV owners.

Electric Vehicles

Electric vehicles parked at public chargers (Image: Steve Goes Green)

The NCCETC report doesn’t discuss the ongoing legislative battles in several states to allow Tesla (and theoretically other automakers) to sell vehicles directly to consumers. However, Electrek recently noted that Tesla is currently involved in efforts to change existing laws in at least 8 states.

Electric Vehicles

Inside a Tesla store (Image: InsideEVs)

“As projections for the number of electric vehicles sold continues to rise, we see many states taking pre-emptive steps to help facilitate and prepare for this transition,” noted Heather Brutz, Clean Transportation Program Manager at NCCETC. “This includes directly funding vehicles and infrastructure, streamlining the permitting process, and preparing for a transportation funding future where gasoline-powered vehicles make up a smaller percentage of vehicles on the road.”

Electric Vehicles

Above: A look at 2017 actions being taken at the state-level for electric vehicles (Source: NC Clean Energy Technology Center)

“As states and utilities undertake grid modernization efforts, electric vehicles are consistently being included in these discussions,” said Autumn Proudlove, Manager of Policy Research at NCCETC. “Key issues under consideration in 2017 were utility rate design for electric vehicle charging and the role of utilities in deploying charging infrastructure.”


Written by: Charles MorrisSource: NC Clean Energy Technology Center

*Editor’s Note: EVANNEX, which also sells aftermarket gear for Teslas, has kindly allowed us to share some of its content with our readers. Our thanks go out to EVANNEX, Check out the site here.

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6 Comments on "A Closer Look At Legislative Actions For Electric Vehicles In U.S. States"

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(⌐■_■) Trollnonymous

Only one entity needed to make a change and everything would fall into place.

Taper off of those damn Goooooberment Petrol subsidies!!!

(⌐■_■) Trollnonymous

AKA OPEC Welfare.

I appreciate the need to fund this reporting, but it is frustrating that we have access to only the executive summary and can’t (for free) dig into the details.

so, perhaps we can crowdsource:
I can contribute some NH facts.
HB1541 failed to pass the NH house this March. It would have added a fixed fee for any plug in vehicle.
HB1763 passed the house and is in senate committee. This bill would essentially ensure all vehicles pay at least $111 ‘road tax’. the $111 is 10k miles of a 20MPG vehicle at $.222 tax. More efficient vehicles would be pay an annual fee based on rated efficiency to bring them up to the $111. My 45MPG prius may pay ~$60 annual fee. My LEAF would pay the full $111.
current status of HB1763 http://www.gencourt.state.nh.us/bill_status/Results.aspx?q=1&txtsessionyear=2018

…So to be fair, if you have a 12 mpg gas guzzler, you should be getting a rebate! How backwards is that?

NC trying to find ways to make more money off EVs because traditionally we fund roads through gas tax. No gas = no tax money for them. EVs don’t even get discounts on our few toll roads. I doubt they’ll incentivize EVs in any way in the the near future.

NC has been requiring a $130 annual fee for EVs (was $100 when they started in 2014). But owners do save $16.40 a year by not having to do an emission inspection.