Hawaii Cracking Down on Electric Vehicle Parking Violators

JUL 27 2013 BY ERIC LOVEDAY 15

EV Parking Spot in Hawaii

EV Parking Spot in Hawaii

Several state are now stepping up to combat those illegal parkers who prevent electric vehicle owners from getting a public charge when needed.

Parking Crackdown in Hawaii

Parking Crackdown in Hawaii

The latest state to crackdown on this is Hawaii and for good reason.   Hawaii is now home to more than 1,550 plug-in vehicles and growing.

It’s one of the biggest complaints the state received from people who drive electric vehicles: others parking in their charging stations when they’re not supposed to.

State Senator Mike Gabbard is behind the push to get these violators, as he own a Nissan LEAF that’s been ICE’d on several occasions.  Quoting Gabbard:

“I was kind of running low on juice and I live close by, but I needed to get a charge but spaces were being used but they weren’t EVs.  I kind of waited and came back and the guy was not very nice.”

Let the crackdown begin.  In Hawaii, it is now illegal to ICE an electric vehicle-only parking/charging spot.  Fines for violators go as high as $100 and Hawaii officials say that the police will enforce this new law, which you can read in its entirety below:

Hawaii Revised Statutes §291-71  Designation of parking spaces for electric vehicles; charging system. (a) Places of public accommodation with at least one hundred parking spaces available for use by the general public shall have at least one parking space exclusively for electric vehicles and equipped with an electric vehicle charging system located anywhere in the parking structure or lot by July 1, 2012; provided that no parking space designated for electric vehicles shall displace or reduce accessible stalls required by the Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines. Spaces shall be designated, clearly marked, and the exclusive designation enforced. Owners of multiple parking facilities within the State may designate and electrify fewer parking spaces than required in one or more of their owned properties; provided that the scheduled requirement is met for the total number of aggregate spaces on all of their owned properties.
(b) For the purposes of this section:

“Electric vehicle” means:

(1) A neighborhood electric vehicle as defined in section 286-2; or

(2) A vehicle, with four or more wheels, that draws propulsion energy from a battery with at least four kilowatt hours of energy storage capacity that can be recharged from an external source of electricity.

“Electric vehicle charging system” means a system that:

(1) Is capable of providing electricity from a non-vehicle source to charge the batteries of one or more electric vehicles;

(2) Meets recognized standards, including standard SAE J1772 of SAE International; and

(3) Is designed and installed in compliance with article 625 of the National Electrical Code.

“Place of public accommodation” has the same meaning as that provided in section 489-2. [L 2009, c 156, pt of §4; am L 2012, c 89, §2]

Source: KHON

Categories: Charging, General

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15 Comments on "Hawaii Cracking Down on Electric Vehicle Parking Violators"

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“The guy was not very nice”

Why doesn’t this surprise me.

Probably driving a Suburban, Hummer, or Expedition.

” A vehicle, with four or more wheels…”

So, when 3-wheeled EVs are available, they can’t park and charge in those spots? No electric motorcycles allowed either?

Nice going.

One step at a time. When the first part of the law (here) was passed, there was no penalty for failing to comply. Sen Gabbard knows we take eat this elephant one bite at a time.

Saw a lot of that at Ala Moana shopping center—reported it to security who just shrugged—asked the maintenance division to put up signs like the handicap have right in front of parking spot at eye level—they just shrugged too. Saw a guy park his EV in one and walk away without plugging in—he looked around sheepishly to see if anyone was watching. The spots are too convenient as they are open and tempting to all–especially near the stores. Saw so many ice cars there I stopped counting, and being retired I had a lot of time to be there and count.

The parking area is quite large there. Was this during a holiday or something where all the spots were busy?

I’m glad Hawaii has a law against being ICE’d. Only 40+ states to go…

Since purchasing my i-MiEV at the end of 2012, I have been using the Ala Moana public charging stations regularly. They are ICE’d frequently with ICE drivers more often than not reacting quite nastily to my request that they not prevent me from charging. As DonH stated, Ala Moana security has been very unresponsive to this problem.

Hawaii statute 291-71 requires that any public parking area with more than 100 parking spaces install at least 1 public charging station by 1 July 2012. This has obviously not been enforced, either. There are two sizable shopping centers in Hawaii Kai with no public charging stations despite having far more than 100 parking spaces. These shopping centers are not the only ones in violation of this law.

I’ll be very surprised if Honolulu police enforce any of this law despite the urging of Senator Gabbard. But I will thank him for his efforts and will encourage him to do as much as he can to have all portions of this law enforced.

I too am here. I believe we need to find Ala Moana mgt and complain to them. Not make the security guard the bad guy. But point it out over and over to mgt.

Let me also say. I charge at home. I don’t need Ala Moana or any other place for charging. Because I don’t need it, I will not tie it up and deny you access to it. However, I support you and your needs, and I will go out of my way to help pursue it for you.

DonH, I agree with all you said. Its a learning process. We will get there. The law here says the police can ticket them. We need to start calling the police non-911 and report it. And call back if they don’t come. Shopping center or not, they will come provided we emphasis it by prodding them. Its a process.

Enforcement of the law prohibiting ICEing of EV parking spots is not nearly as interesting as the fact that this law appears to mandate the provision of an EV spot for any “public accomodation” lot that has 100 or more spaces.

Note that the law states that an owner may put the spots at another location and meet the requirement. Thus, if an owner had 4 locations that required EV spots per the law, they could build 4 EV spots in one location and zero in the other 3 and still be in compliance.

Marc, yes, that’s the law here. What’s wrong with that? We have to start some where. Allowing a property owner to do that when this was passed was reasonable. Sen Gabbard is very good about “improving” the law when he can. He also has the same resistance from non-EV owners in the legislature. Its a process. Its getting better. Not that I like the idea of small lots having no EV parking, the idea is to let them “off the hook” if they can provide a larger number elsewhere. Would you agree that we don’t want spaces to go unused in small lots? I’d rather have a larger number in a large lot – that are being used regularly, than some in a small lot that do not get used. Its sort of a balance we need to learn what’s needed vs used.

So no mention in the law of an EV parked there but not plugged in?

Is this the wrong law quoted? This law specifies that a parking lot with more than 100 spots need to have a charger by July 1, 2012. No mention of fines for non-electric vehicles….

This information is good and accurate, up to a point. Its been updated. This was added later.
“(b) Beginning July 1, 2013, any person who parks a non-electric vehicle in a space designated and marked as reserved for electric vehicles shall be guilty of a traffic infraction under chapter 291D and shall be fined not less than $50 nor more than $100, and shall pay any costs incurred by the court related to assessing the fine.

(c) Any citation issued under this section may be mailed to the violator pursuant to section 291C-165(b). [L 2009, c 156, pt of §4; am L 2012, c 89, §3]”

The issue has become enforcement. If the police drove EV they would be more inclined to rush over and ticket someone. (I think)

Good article. The law has been updated since the quoted dates. And 1300 cars was in 2013. Today, there are more than 7700 registered EVs in the state. (We keep up.) 17% increase in 2017 alone.