ICCT Visualises EV Charging Infrastructure Gap Across U.S.

JAN 30 2019 BY MARK KANE 12

The charging infrastructure needs to grow a few times to support the expected EV fleet in 2025

The International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT) in one of its latest reports tried to quantify the EV charging infrastructure gap across U.S. markets from what was deployed through 2017 to what’s needed by 2025.

The general assumption is that in 2025 there will be 3 million plug-in electric cars.

As it turns out, 88 out of the 100 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas had less than half of the total needed charging infrastructure in place (based on expected electric vehicle growth).

“Based on the expected growth across the 100 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas, we estimate the amount of charging of various types that will be needed to power these vehicles. Our evaluation of charging needs is based on best available observed data on the growing electric vehicle market, charging availability, and emerging charging behavior patterns.”

Public and workplace charging infrastructure in place in 2017 as a percentage of infrastructure needed by 2025 by metropolitan area (the 50 most populous are labeled)

  • Shades of red indicate that less than 50% of the needed charging has been installed through the end of 2017
  • blue indicate that more than 50% of charging needed in 2025 was in place by 2017

Three high-level conclusions from the executive summary:

Much more charging infrastructure is needed to sustain the transition to electric vehicles. Across major U.S. markets through 2017, about one-fourth of the workplace and public chargers needed by 2025 are in place. Charging infrastructure deployment will have to grow at about 20% per year to meet the 2025 targets identified in this report. The largest charging gaps are in markets where electric vehicle uptake will grow most rapidly, including in many California cities, Boston, New York, Portland, Denver, and Washington, D.C.

Planned infrastructure deployment activities are promising, but uneven. There are many government and industry developments underway to deploy the necessary charging infrastructure, and electric utilities are especially positioned to support this infrastructure deployment. In California and other Zero Emission Vehicle markets, announced measures and planned installations are slated to fill the charging gaps, but such utility and government efforts are largely absent in much of the country. Cities, states, automakers, and utilities with electric vehicle growth ambitions can learn from these leading markets to fill the charging gaps. Our analysis provides motivation for more policy and more industry investment to expand charging infrastructure in nearly every major U.S. metropolitan area.

Increased charger utilization brings infrastructure investment opportunities. Across U.S. markets where the most charging is needed by 2025, automaker commitments to deploy electric vehicles and the Zero Emission Vehicle regulation virtually assure increasing electric vehicle uptake. In addition, market expansion, economies of scale, and improved charging technologies will promote higher utilization of chargers. The number of electric vehicles supported by each charger is anticipated to increase by 35% for public Level 2 and 65% for fast chargers by 2025. This analysis suggests that automakers, utilities, and charging providers in many U.S. cities could make low-risk, high-utilization investments to meet the needs of expected electric vehicle deployments.

Source: ICCT, Green Car Congress

Categories: Charging

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12 Comments on "ICCT Visualises EV Charging Infrastructure Gap Across U.S."

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We need to fill the gaps on the interstate system more than add more in Metro areas. EV drivers in Metro areas would be better served with private level 2 charging at home.

Level 2 charging at home is a requirement of getting rid of gas cars. It’s not a technical problem at all; it’s all sociopolitical. Electricity can be run anywhere and your car has to be parked somewhere, so run electricity there.

With new residences, or anybody that has to install electricity by parking, it should be level 2. However, current level 1s should be grandfathered in. IOW, if you CURRENTLY have 120V/15+A, that should be ok.

These ppl are idiots.
They should be focused on getting charging at the home going, along with fast chargers on highways.

Instead, they are pushing gas station approaches which is going to cause a massive increase in electricity use during peak times.
By charging at off peak time, we do a better job of balancing electricity usage, which will lower over all costs ( note, I doubt it will lower the price, but it will contain it ).

Where are they pushing gas station approaches? While millions of households would easily be able to add home charging with L1/L2, millions live in metro areas in condos and apartments without it. These people will need L2 destination and workplace charging, and some DCFC in cities is needed.

Highway road trips are small fraction of the total trip miles driven and is not the biggest need. It’s a flawed perception.

People that live in apartments or condos park their cars somewhere at night. Install L2 charging there. Not always easy or cheap, but just get started facilitating that.

Fast chargers are needed, but in a network designed to handle long distance trips. Urban fast chargers will be needed, but not as urgently as a viable long distance travel network.

Spot on.
Small number of Urban fast chargers make sense. Not what is being pushed.

The problem is that some of the places those people park are on the street. If you go to any heavily apartmented part of the city you will find street parking to be completely filled in the evening/night. It’s not necessarily practical to install chargers on the curb side, especially if many of them just end up getting ICEd.

I agree in principle that we should try to get chargers into apartments but I also think it is a greater challenge than we might like to think.

Nope. As GSP said, these cars are being parked at nighttimes. Put L2 chargers there.

Cleveland Ohio Urban core suck s in Charging but suburbs and out laying areas they are plenty

Reverse here. A fair bit of decent public charging in the urban core, but the suburbs are a charging wasteland.

Hummmm, interesting chart…. Apparently my home (Buffalo NY) has ‘ 1 to 10% ‘ (probably closer to 1 %) of the amount of charging needed a mere 6 years from now?

Well, that is certainly showcasing a problem – but I’m not sure this article offers much of a practical solution.

I think their numbers are a bit optimistic – this is too cold an area to be super popular with BEVs. PHEVs are very popular (such as the soon to be extinct VOLT), since they are very efficient during cold weather, even more so than a plain-old-ICE vehicle.

A few years ago when the rest of the country was buying plenty of LEAFS, the big Nissan dealer here said they were aware of exactly ONE person who drove his – and they said he always came in, in an insulated snowmobile suit.

Of course, the NISSAN LEAFS Enterprise Rent-a-car tried was the worst electric car experience I’ve ever heard – to the point where they SWORE OFF ANY BEV, and today (2019) rent none. They should have rented PHEV’s that wouldn’t get stranded.