European Union Aims To Close EV Gap With China…With A Weak 2030 Emission Target

DEC 23 2017 BY MARK KANE 39

Renault ZOE, the best selling electric car in Europe

The European Union intends to direct automakers into electrification by introducing tighter emission limits and providing increased incentives for plug-ins; at least that is the proposition from the European Commission announced earlier this year.

European Union

EU feels it should take action to “close a technological gap with China” in the field of EVs.

The Chinese “New Energy Vehicle” (aka plug-in vehicles) market is largest in the world and there are now hundreds of different electric or plug-in hybrid models. EU is afraid that European manufacturers will not be competitive.

The CO2 emission targets to be 30% lower in 2030 than in 2021.   However in reality these European targets are meaningless if the goal is to compete with China; a region that is mandating a CARB-like EV adoption system whereby 10% of all sales must be offset with zero emission credits in 2019.

Miguel Arias Canete, EU climate and energy commissioner, said in an interview from his Brussels office:

“There’s a component of trying to facilitate the development of a powerful car-manufacturing industry of electric vehicles. There will be a race for developing clean-energy vehicles. We are seeing that others are taking the global lead.”

“If you see what’s happening in the U.S. and you see the figures of Tesla production in 2016 the production of Tesla cars was around 80,000 cars. The big problem is China, which has a mandatory target of 10 percent in 2019, 12% in 2020 and 7.5 million vehicles per year in the future.”

“The Chinese market already boasts 400 types of electric vehicles, whereas Europe has six, according to Canete. India, meanwhile, aims for all new passenger cars sold by 2030 to be electric. “If you see the figures from the EU at the moment it’s 1 percent of the fleet,” Canete said.

“There is a huge gap between the European Union, which invented the car, and developing countries,” Canete said. “This proposal has this element of incentives in order to induce car manufacturers to come along with a substantial number and a substantial variety of electric vehicles.””

It will apparently take quite some time still (maybe a year) until governments will discuss the details and approve the policy.   Meanwhile, China continues to pull away.

source: Bloomberg

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39 Comments on "European Union Aims To Close EV Gap With China…With A Weak 2030 Emission Target"

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No point or reason to mandate more EVs without dealing with charging infrastructure deficiency first. In Latvia there are less than 10 EV charging stations and the same goes for Lithuania also. Regarding Tesla there are no Superchargers or Destination chargers in either Estonia, Latvia or Lithuania. So no point to have electric car if there is nowhere to refuel it. It looks like the kart before the horse again…

@Ashely said: “No point or reason to mandate more EVs without dealing with charging infrastructure deficiency first…”
————-

Agreed.

Affordable EVs (relative to ICE) combined with access to a convenient & reliable supercharging network are the conditions necessary for mass EV adoption.

You guys don’t have 240 volt 50 amp outlets in your homes? Install your own charger.

Exactly!! I have now owned my Bolt for 9 months and have only used a public charger once, mostly out of curiosity, but it was helpful. Actually you use the home charging 95% of the time, or greater.

I realize that not every person has the situation to charge to home, but most do and so this idea that a robust and complete charging network must be in place before EVs can be adopted is nonsense. Many can use them just fine right now with what is in place and their own homes. If you can afford a Tesla, any Tesla, you can afford to put charging equipment in your home.

As more and more BEVs hit the road, gas stations with mini marts will slowly convert to charging stations. This is because they make all their money on the stuff in the store and not the gasoline. In fact, the gasoline is a big headache for them. They would love to keep and maintain charging stations rather than gas pumps.

home plug is all EV charging infrastructure you really need. No point to build charging infrastructure if there is no EVs on horizon. Infrastructure builders must be sure there will be customers

+1

“home plug is all EV charging infrastructure you really need…”
————-

Correct for the ~80%-90% of miles driven…

But the average EV diver needs access to a convenient & reliable charging network to cover the remaining ~10%-20% miles driven associated with occasional longer road trips.

+100

mass adoption is not going to happen if you can’t easily drive the car out of town, until there are charging stations as plentiful and as fast as gas refueling stations and ev are the same price as gas equivalent, until then it will just be an enthusiast market.

Latvia is a very small country. Unless going in circles, a full charge on a decent range EV gets you to the next country. Which in this case means Russia, Estonia or Lithuania, unless your car is seaworthy.
Estonia already has a public charging infrasturcture. Road trips to Russia are maybe not the best idea, considering the popular Russian dashcam videos on youtube.

Until mid 2018. in Latvia will be 70 new public fast charging stations:
https://twitter.com/CSDD_LV/status/906040918435704832

What a strange point of view.

I assume the majority of houses in Latvia have electricity. If that’s the case, we have all the infrastructure we need to start a large EV push. Once we have a good percentage of new vehicle sales as EVs, incentivise employers to install EVSEs. The rest should follow all by itself.

Thanks!

Majority of people in these countries as well as in Poland live in blocks of flats. Charging infrastructure is necessary.

Nick,
They have electricity but most houses are multi store buildings and older ones don’t have assigned parking nor any chance to electrify it at reasonable cost. Neither they are rich enough to throw extra money to improve their virtue status by driving electric car. Just forget North American suburb assumptions when talking about such countries.

The baltic countries are probably not representative. This is the supercharger status in Norway. The Tesla network is by far outnumbered by other players. https://www.ladestasjoner.no/hurtiglading/hurtigladekartet/

Ashley,

There are plenty of chargers in Western Europe. Central or Eastern Europe is not primary market for new cars anyway – most cars are second hand imports there.

Charger density is important and necessary, but it doesn’t cover technological gap with functionality & cost of gas cars. Look at Japan, they have chargers at every corner, density is close to gas stations. And the result? The same sub 1% of sales are battery electric. Or you may look at Estonia if it is closer to you. Got relatively dense Chademo network years ago, but BEV sales didn’t went anywhere.

You need to work in R&D and close technological gap to go anywhere close to unsubsidized mass market. I.e. solid state batteries or whatever works for real.

Estonia had the first country covering fast charging network with less than 50 km to a fast charger from every point in the country.

Infrastructure is easy.

Getting a horse to ride on before you get the cart is smarter than to get a cart first. And in this case the horse is the car.
Lots of people already have a stable or a barn with food in it (a house or parking with electricity nearby).

The refueling ‘problem’ is much smaller than you seem to think – almost all of the time you charge your car at home…

Vest Europa is perfect covert with supercharger, East Europa is not covert by supercharger Tesla plan for 2016 was to include these 3 baltic countrys, and now is soon 2018! We go to LT 2 time a year by plane, but would like to go by supercharger instead so far no luck!

Tesla roadmap shows 2 superchargers for Latvia and 1 for Estonia and Lithuania.

Looking at plugshare Estonia has a ton of chademo chargers. And Latvia has 28 level 2 or above chargers.

The EU is full of **** and hypocrisy! (I’m an European)

Not a big deal.
Look, China’s CO2 emissions and pollution will actually get WORSE, not better by moving to AE.
80% of their electricity comes from coal. Worse, they continue to build out more coal than they do AE.
Their reason for doing EVs is to stop importing oil, and also to try and own the auto manufacturing market.

As such, EU is NOT that hypocritical, just ….
Ok, yes, you are.
But, it is what I have come to expect on all of this.
FOr example, America continues to drop our CO2 while CHina continues to grow (with OCO2 showing CHina’s CO2 emissions as much higher than they are credited).

Are you sure? Yes China has a lot of coal-powered electricity, but they are building nuclear, wind and solar at maximum rate and AFAIK cutting back on coal.

@roy

You are correct. In just a few years China has dropped their percentage of electricity generated by coal from over 80% to ~60% in 2017. It was 62% in 2016. That is a massive change for what the worlds largest consumer of electricity.

With that said 60% is still frightfully filthy so they have a long way to go.

First, things are not getting better:
http://www.mining.com/chinese-companies-build-700-coal-plants-outside-china/

In the west, our co2 is measured and compared against numbers provided by industry and gov.
In China, nobody is allowed to measure and release that information. Technically, China’s numbers are based on what China’s gov tells ppl. And they have been caught lying due to OCO2.
The problem is, that Chinese gov admitted last fall that coal usage was 17% higher for the last 70 years, but it still does not match what OCO2 showed. Oco2’s data is showing that China’s co2 is some 25-30% above what China now claims, and is growing.

More importantly, that would match up the fact that they continue to out build more coal plants than all other forms of electricity combined.
So no, China is not around 60%, but remains close to 80% coal based. In addition, it is the power that is not at 100% usage. So where will EV power come from? By running the coal plants from 60% load up to 80-90% load.

There is so much wrong in this comment that I don’t even know where to start…

17% of all new electricity generated (not capacity, actual generation) came from coal last year. Mainly because of older plants being replaced with newer which generate more electricity using the same amount of coal.

Your numbers are horrible wrong and outdated.

EVs in China are most definitely making emissions better not worse compared to the equivalent ICE car.

The EU’s current emissions targets already have manufacturers scrambling.

Screwing it another 30% will force more electrification.

Whether that’s PHEV or BEV will depend on where the battery tech lands.

But at the same time NEDC is shortly replaced by WLTP (near EPA) testing method. So even current emission targets will be much harder to achieve.

Current emission targets will use NEDC. Even with WLTP coming there will be a conversion to NEDC for the targets.

ifs funny.
California once lead the world with cleaning up the air by putting on tight emissions controls.
Now, it is CHina and EUrope that will push zero emissions while CA’s board has been bought and is now a joke.

It’s true they have been bought by the oil industry, but their focus is on fuel-cells. Getting taxpayers to fund FCV research/production has long been a successful accomplishment by oil lobbyists. Now their focus is getting taxpayers to pay for H2 distribution and filling stations, which happen to be owned by oil companies, not the taxpayers who paid for them. This way oil companies get to keep their customers and taxpayers can fund the $Trillions required for the distribution infrastructure. So everybody pays dearly for the few who drive FCVs!

Roy_H

Yes, and don’t forget Illuminati conspired with Pizzagate perpetrators to push big Hydrogen and undermine The One True Dear Leader showing us One and The Only One True And Proper Path how to use any technology.

“You’re an idiot” if you don’t understand, as Dear Leader said himself very clearly!!!!!

You mean despite California having steadily increasing credit requirements while simultaneously having reduce the maximum credits available to vehicles?

China rules:
2019: 8.0%
2020: 10.0%
Max credits per car 5 points.

CARB rules, max credits per car 4
2019: 7.0%
2020: 9.5%
(2025: 22.0%)
Max credits per car 4 points.

Oh yeah, with ZEV requirements and LEV III CARB’s just _way_ behind China.

You are Confusing zero emission vehicles with zero emissions. China’s ZEVs are running off of a grid that is over 50% coal powered. In contrast California ZEVs are powered by a grid that has less than one tenth as much coal and about half as much fossil fuels. Moreover about half of California BEV owners also have solar power.

About 90% of CA’s coal power comes from two contracts that refused lucrative early buy out offers. Arizona’s Navajo Generation Station’s (NGS) contract will expire in 2019. New Mexico’s San Juan GS’ contract will expire in 2021. These are two of the largest coal plants in the West and both will shutdown shortly after their CA contracts expire.

Even in NEVs China has yet to match the hype. In 2016 they had less than 2% NEVs while California surpassed 5% NEVs in the first half of 2017. CA is on pace to match China’s NEV mandate of 10% in 2019.

Modify street lamps.
Easy.

Not easy at all. Usually there is 50m distance between the light posts along the streets and in between them you have at least 15 cars parked. Let’s not forget that EU is city centered so no home charging, you need the rely on street or station charging. It will be a very slow and difficult transition to evs.

One charger for every 15 spots is not a bad place to start.

In that case the only solution is phev not evs….still way better than current diesel IF they can charge them.

Electricity is basically everywhere that people are in all these industrialized countries.

All that is needed is to build out the last few meters of infrastructure in most cases.

If you use smart chargers that are internet connected you can make sure that the demand meets the supply and easily identify where additional electrical system infrastructure upgrades are needed.

With the rapidly falling prices to build RE, basically all future capacity additions will be RE because they are becoming the cheapest sources of electricity production.

The whole changeover to a PEV based transportation system and an RE based system (with increasingly intraconnected microgrids) will be a steady transition over the next several decades anyway.

One only has to look at places like Norway or Estonia in Eastern Europe or China to see how it will develop.

Question is will the US fall farther behind the trend setters due to the evil influence/money of Big Oil and the fossil fuel cartel on politicians through legalized bribery?