DoE Says Median EV Range Up From 73 Miles In 2011 To 114 Miles In 2017

JAN 15 2018 BY MARK KANE 25

Electric vehicles improve every year, and the range is higher in new models by a significant amount (on average) from 2011 to the 2017 model year.

Tesla Model S

The US DOE’s Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy discovers that in 2011 all-electric cars were rated by the EPA between 63 and 94 miles, and the median range was 73 miles.

The median is the value separating the higher half of a data sample, from the lower half.

Now for 2017, EPA ratings varied between 58 miles (smart fortwo Electric Drive Coupe) and 335 miles (Tesla Model S 100D), with median jumping up to 114 miles.

Ranges (median) increased by 41 miles, or 56% over the 6-year period.

Note: Median is based on the models listed in the supporting data spreadsheet; some of these AEV models are available with different battery capacities/body styles, which have shorter ranges.

Source: U. S. Department of Energy, FuelEconomy.Gov data, accessed November 14, 2017.

Fact #1008 Dataset


Categories: General

Tags: , , ,

Leave a Reply

25 Comments on "DoE Says Median EV Range Up From 73 Miles In 2011 To 114 Miles In 2017"

newest oldest most voted
Another Euro point of view

OK, considering this rate of range improvement is going steady by next half a century (it won’t hopefully) I will need to wait till year 2054 for the average EV to have a 350 miles range which equals only 50% of the highway range (700 miles) of my current 2014 car. Yeehaa !

2011 – 73
2017 – 114
2023 – 178
2029 – 277
2035 – 433

With 56% increase every 6 year period.

Don’t worry, your EV will come sooner rather than later 😉

The median has been dragged down unrealistically by FORD’s: Fusion and CMax. Remove them and recalculate for accuracy.

Even the Prius PRIME falls in this category.

Neither the Prime, nor the Ford CMax/Fusion are included, since they aren’t pure EVs.

Why wait that long? 4-5 companies will have your specs needed in the next couple years here.

How often do you drive 10-11 hours in a row without a break to drive that 700 miles? Must be awful to do that.

I mean, the median is 114 miles in 2017, but the Bolt EV is rated at 238 miles and the Teslas are rated higher as well.

So an EV with sufficient range for you shouldn’t be too far off, I wouldn’t focus on the median.

I suspect the median will be over 200 in six years. Battery capacity improvements seem like they have come more rapidly in the last few years, and I expect that will continue to be the case.

Median in 2017 is actually way bigger number, because 3/4 of the BEV sales in US were Bolts and Teslas, with range of at least 238miles..

Probably it’s not median range of all sold EVs but median of available model ranges.

Which is quite frankly a worthless metric. For this to be meaningful they should be sales adjusted.

It’s not worthless. It tells you what manufacturers are doing at the moment.

Yeah, the median of sold EVs would be a much more useful number.


Yes. ?

This will probably change this year, Nissan Leaf(best selling EV on the market) is being updated to 150 miles of range.
Tesla Model 3 starts at 220 and goes up to 310, and production should be ramping up right now.
Bolt EV enters 2nd model-year, not sure what changes are in store for it.
Hyundai IONIQ should actually start production of a longer-range version(they said they would have one with 200+ mile range).
BMW i3 should be updated with Sammy 125Ah batteries.
Median range reports might still be kept down, there will probably be very strong used EV sales due to the new Leaf coming into play, these used EV’s will have between 84 and 113 miles of range.

The Tesla Roadster Maximum Plaid (or Roadster 2020) will have a 1000 kilometer range. That ought to make the median an even less useful figure than it already is.

And yet we’re supposedly in “the days of 200+ mile EVs”.

I’m not sure I’d really expect the range to go up as much in the near future. To date the cars have all been small but as they bring on more larger cars the range will take a hit. Obviously increased batteries will offset and likely overcome some of it but likely gone are the days of a 50% range improvement in a year simply by going from 60Ah to 94Ah batteries.

114 miles of AER is not nearly enough.

I have a 2016 Leaf and the 107 miles turns into about 85 on a hilly freeway. I can’t imagine living in a colder climate.

In order for EVs to sell en masse, they need to have 200-300 miles of real range, just like an ICE car. Thankfully, Chevy and Tesla have figured it out.

After owning a Nissan leaf for 5 years, which had an original range of around 85 miles and a degraded battery range of more like 65 miles, I switched to a PHEV. However, I’ve always said that 120 miles (with a thermally managed battery) would be enough to get me back into a BEV.

The wife started driving a short range EV six months ago. She has driven the long range ICEV three times since. Tonight was going to be the fourth use of the ICEV but the battery was dead from inactivity.
That’s the downside of EVs. They cause battery death in ICEVs.

IMO, more interesting would be the median (& average) not for the list of models, but for all BEV sold (or in other words, weighted by number of units sold per model). That’s the true test of what tasks people currently use their BEVs for.

That doesn’t really work either. I have the 2012 Leaf but there is no CHAdeMO charging in my country, so while I could use the Leaf a lot more if I could DCFC it, the fact is I can’t do that so the utility of the Leaf is less than it could be.
This report, showing the distance on a full charge, is correct.
For us people who are savvy about EV’s, we know the 200mi+ models are just beginning in earnest. All those early sub 100mi models are going to be obsoleted by the next gen. Regardless of the median range, we know Bolt and Tesla Model 3 are now in production and Leaf should be soon to follow. Other manufacturers will take a bit longer, but once they realise the impact of these longer range models they will be forced to improve as well.

Just remember that this data includes the Smart fortwo, Mitsubishi i-MiEV and Fiat 500e. In the coming years as those types of compliance vehicles get cancelled and “real” EVs come online this median metric will rise very rapidly.

Yes it seems dumping all the sub 90 miles EVS of the list might cause a bigger change in the median than increasing the range of the higher capacify models, lol.