In Terms Of Charging, Tesla Gets The Best Of Both Worlds

Tesla Supercharger

JAN 13 2018 BY EVANNEX 31


A Tesla Model S charges at one of its proprietary Superchargers (Instagram: bryanho23)


One popular point of confusion among electric vehicle newbies (and the mainstream press) is that non-Tesla charging networks are incompatible with Tesla vehicles. Oftentimes, all it takes is a simple charging adapter, and a Tesla can use virtually any charging point — even if it’s been funded by other automakers. The same can’t be said of other EVs on the market (i.e. Chevy Bolt, Nissan Leaf, Renault Zoe, etc.). Those EV competitors can’t use Tesla’s massive proprietary Supercharger network.

And the automaker has been swiftly growing its Supercharger network, albeit not as fast as promised.

USA Today reports, “Tesla hasn’t reached its commitment of doubling its global Supercharger fast-charging network this year. The electric carmaker earlier this year claimed it would go from about 5,000 Superchargers up to 10,000. It did bring an impressive number to the network, with more than 3,150 more Superchargers added this year.”

That said, Tesla-friendly charging points from other charging networks (both public and private) picked up some of the slack. In this sense, Tesla can have the best of both worlds — enjoying new Supercharger locations while also taking advantage of other charging networks as they rapidly grow. In fact, “University of Michigan researchers earlier this [past] year reported 16,000 public charging stations in the U.S., with nearly 43,000 individual charging connectors or plugs, based on federal government data.”

*This article comes to us courtesy of EVANNEX (which also makes aftermarket Tesla accessories). Authored by Matt Pressman

Note: Of all automakers, Tesla currently has the fastest-charging capabilities via its proprietary Supercharger network (Video: USA Today)

And more charging points are scheduled to be installed in 2018. Imagine… German automakers are funding (out of their own pocket) more charging points compatible with Tesla’s cars. It’s happening: “German automaker Volkswagen has agreed to add a substantial number of charging stations to U.S. cities — as part of restitution for its ‘Dieselgate’ deceptive practices on vehicle emissions reporting in its diesel cars… Volkswagen will be installing 2,800 charging stations in 17 of the largest U.S. cities by June 2019, the company announced in December.”

Where will these VW-backed (yet Tesla-friendly) U.S. charging stations reside? “About 75% of the stations will be at workplaces and the rest at multifamily dwellings, such as apartment buildings and condos. The remaining charging stations will be placed in high-traffic areas with more frequent charging activity.”


Tesla-to-CHAdeMO charging adapter being utilized at one of the Fastned stations in the Netherlands (Image: InsideEVs)

European charging points are planned too: “An alliance of automakers will be deploying about 400 fast charging stations across Europe by 2020. BMW, Daimler, Ford, and Volkswagen with its Audi and Porsche subsidiaries in November formed a joint venture called IONITY to carry it out. The High-Power-Charging (HPC) network will install chargers that will have the capacity to go up to 350 kW and will use the brand-agnostic [read: Tesla-friendly] Combined Charging System as the standard.”

And it’s not just the Europe and U.S. with plans to expand charging infrastructure. It turns out that, “China had 190,000 chargers installed by September 2017, with big plans in place to expand the network to 800,000 charging points.” And yes, the Chinese charging standard is fully compatible with Tesla’s cars. In the end, although it’s rarely mentioned in the media, all these different charging options should prove a significant competitive advantage for the Model 3.


Source: USA Today

*Editor’s Note: EVANNEX, which also sells aftermarket gear for Teslas, has kindly allowed us to share some of its content with our readers. Our thanks go out to EVANNEX, Check out the site here.

Categories: Charging, Tesla

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31 Comments on "In Terms Of Charging, Tesla Gets The Best Of Both Worlds"

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Must be a quiet day in the EV world if this is worthy of an entire article. Teslas have been able to do this since 2012, if I’m not mistaken..

Actually I would like to see an update article on US states that have anti-Tesla selling laws. I understand Tesla is now allowed to sell in Missouri and Rhode Island. So how many and which states are still hold-outs?

@Roy_H – Although some states restrict the number of sales locations, the following states do not allow direct sales within the state. (You can always order a Tesla online and have it delivered to your state.)
New Jersey
New Mexico

Texas sucks because the dealership connection with the lawmakers.

I first thought that Tesla reverted the downgrade of the “faster” Typ2 charging option (22 vs. 16.5kW) or added CCS to their cars…


Say what you will , I did not know that..It’s A good reminder.

Since when is CCS “Tesla-friendly”? People have have speculated about a CCS adapter for ages, but so far, nada.

@John – It has been speculated that the CCS adapter should be easier to implement because the Tesla plug uses a CCS type of handshake.

Some suggest that Tesla has other items of a greater priority. Given that CCS and CHAdeMO are usually found together, there has be little incentive to build a CCS Tesla adapter.

That’s “been” not “be.”

Also, I have read that the Model 3 is not capable of using the CHAdeMO adapter that works with the S and X.

Perhaps this will provide the incentive for Tesla to build a CCS adapter. After all, Tesla did join the CCS industry working group.

The chademo adapter not working with the model 3 makes it imposaible for our family to reach our vacations destinations 🙁

CCS is designed to be incompatible with CHAdeMO and Tesla.
As long as the agreement stands that all CCS chargers will also have a CHAdeMO plug there is really no reason to try to build a Tesla-CCS converter.

“…Tesla plug uses a CCS type of handshake”
What does that mean? Tesla uses baseband digital communication on a dedicated wire, the SAE DC fast charge communication uses a high frequency modulated carrier (HomePlug Green PHY) on top of the J1772 PWM pilot at 5% duty cycle. Not very similar at the physical layer. Do you mean the message set is similar?

The US Tesla plug does not do its communications with the Supercharger “on a dedicated wire”. It does it on the same pilot pin that J1772 uses for its Green PHY communications. The communication mechanisms and protocols are different between Tesla Supercharging and CCS but they use the same pin (the pin used as the pilot pin with AC charging on the Tesla plug.

Oh I’m quite familiar with those lines of speculation, but until the adapter has a SKU and I can buy one, CCS is not “Tesla-friendly” by any reasonable standard.

Type 2 (which Tesla uses for the superchargers in europe) is the top 60% of the european CCS plug.
With the addition of two CCS pins and some internal wiring and software a single socket on the Model 3 can be compatible with BOTH existing superchargers and CCS.

There is strong evidence this will be the case when the first european Model 3s come off the line this year.
Not least of which is that Tesla joined the CCS technical group in 2016:

Tesla also has a new charging flap location currently being rolled out for the chinese Model S & X that can support both superchargers and china’s GB/T standard.
The flap is also correctly sized to accommodate a CCS socket in europe.

I would also note…

Model 3 flap with the size of the european CCS connector annotated:

And the instant the first Tesla charges from CCS I will happily concede it’s “Tesla-friendly”. Regrettably, this is still wishful thinking, though.

Imagine someone thinking about an electric car for the first time. This could start to answer some questions.

I’ve read the new Tesla model 3 doesn’t work with the CHAdeMO adapter we use on a model S or X. I don’t have my model 3 to try that and confirm it.

There also is no CCS adapter yet for a Tesla. Maybe that is coming but I’ve never seen or tried one.

I can confirm this. I am renting a Model 3 for a couple of days and I tried connecting a ChargePoint CHAdeMO adapter and the car said it was not supported. The ChargePoint kiosk generated an error 22. The same adapter worked on a Model S after I handed it over to the guy next to me.

Incorrect. CCS is not compatible with any Tesla yet produced.

Illegal in Michigan even though a main tube supplier for Model S and Model X is located in Michigan. Tesla has already won a victory in MO at Supreme Court level and this should serve as legal boost for other states. Free Enterprise!

The article mentions Tesla Superchargers and the European ultra-fast highway charging initiatives but it forgets to mention Electrify America’s planned ~300 location ultra-fast CCS/CHAdeMO network in the US which will add roughly 1,500 charging spaces over the next 3 years or so along major highways in around 40 states.

This is different and in addition to the 2,800 community charging stations in 17 cities that Electrify America is putting in and that were mentioned in the article.

Don’t hold your breath for Electrify America, their first roll out is supposed to be in California and:

“All site evaluation and selection work in California has been put on hold indefinitely. The first contracts to build more than 100 charging stations by the end of 2017 are on permanent hold. And all advertising buys and other education efforts have been cancelled.”

Please name the source for your quote?

“All site evaluation and selection work in California has been put on hold indefinitely…”

Nope, that’s accurate but out-of-date news.

Shortly after that, VW submitted a slight update to the California plan that added Fresno as a community charging city and a few minor tweaks and then California approved their plan submission around August of 2017 (about a 3 month delay from the original approval schedule). In the meantime, the separate non-California plan covering the rest of the country was approved on-time. I’m not sure why you think California was supposed to be rolled-out first — that has never been part of the plan.

Electrify America now has all their plans approved for the first 2.5 year cycle of the 10 year settlement and have fully funded the initial $500 million for it. They have signed contracts for the development of the community charging nationwide (as mentioned in the article here) and have a real estate consulting company busy finding and signing up exact locations for the ~300 ultra-fast charging stations.

There is now a newly published national map of those ~300 ultra-fast highway charging locations. You haven’t seen it here on InsideEVs yet. See it here:

Indeed you can not charge any Tesla on CCS as long as there is no dedicated CCS Tesla Adapter, which is something I have requested from Tesla Support several times already. We’ll just have wait and see what is going to happen. A firmware update for the CHAdeMO Tesla Adapter to support more than 50 kW would be welcome as well.

the article is more about the autoindustrie, they have to build an infrastructure to compeet or pay/lobby someone to do it.

If Telsa would not have paid out of there pocket (@ oh poor VW) the EVs would not be possible as blocked by all the big industry.

And tbh on a trip with 7kwh charging – you could go by bike and be quicker.

So well done Tesla to wake up the big once – If they pay for your infrastructure let them use it – at least in EU, the type 2 destination charger supposed to be working for all.

greatings from Germany

you should check the source – it’s on USAToday – but written by the oil guys is a USA TODAY content partner offering energy industry news and commentary. Its content is produced independently of USA TODAY.​​​​​​​

Too bad USA isn’t as smart as the EU, who never allowed Tesla to intentionally fragment the charging market with their own proprietary standard. And yet somehow Supercharger stations still exist in Europe!