EV Sales By Fast Charging Standards; The “Big 3” Converge
An interesting comparison of global plug-in vehicles sales by DC fast charging type – CHAdeMO, CCS Combo and Tesla Supercharging (excluding China’s GB/T) has been compiled by EV Sales Blog.
And as it turns out, the gap between the three types has shrunk in 2017. CHAdeMO still notes the highest sales, but Tesla and CCS-equipped cars are approaching fast.
Here we need to explain however that:
- CHAdeMO is worldwide standard (all the CHAdeMO-equipped cars are compatible with all the CHAdeMO chargers)
- CCS Combo – occurs in two versions (Combo 1 & Combo 2). The Combo 1 is used in North America, while Combo 2 is promoted in most of the rest of the world. The cars with Combo 1 are compatible only with chargers with Combo 1 plugs, and the same concerns Combo 2. In other worlds, those are similar, twin, but incompatibile standards.
- Tesla Superchargers – also occurs in two versions. First is proprietary for North America (and some other markets), while the second is based on the European Type 2 AC plug, but modified to handle 1-phase, 3-phase and DC charging. Cars and Superchargers in North America and most of the rest of the world are incompatible (at least until someone will not modify them). This is one of the problem when importing used Tesla from U.S. to Europe.
The results over the first nine months of the year:
- CHAdeMO – 92,045
- Tesla Supercharging – 73,227
- CCS – 67,606
- Chinese GBT – excluded from the comparison
As the CHAdeMO protocol relies mainly on the Nissan LEAF and the Mitsubishi Outlander PHEV, the CHAdeMO numbers mimic those two offerings sales; meaning that we will likely note a surge in those totals as the new 2018 LEAF arrives globally in January (today in Japan), and also the Outlander PHEV arrives (finally) in the US.
The CCS Combo standard, is ‘supported’ by the widest group of manufacturers, but so far the CCS numbers are lower than both CHAdeMO and Tesla standards – as none of those OEMs have yet really assisted in the actual build-out of the standard as Tesla and Nissan have; something that will be changing soon in the US (With VW’s dieselgate settlement) and in Europe this Fall with a new ~350 kW network (via 4 major OEMs)
Here is a graph showing cumulative result to date:
source: EV Sales Blog