CHAdeMO Association Welcomes EU Decision To Endorse CHAdeMO in Multistandard Chargers

APR 19 2014 BY MARK KANE 7

Combo 2 Plug

Combo 2 Plug

CHAdeMO and SAE Plugs Respectively (via GoAuto)

CHAdeMO and Combo 2 plugs

CHAdeMO Association recently happily responded on the final draft for the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure, in which the words “transitional period” disappeared for new CHAdeMO installations.

“The European Parliament has adopted today with overwhelming support the final draft for the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure1. CHAdeMO Association welcomes the decision by Europe to endorse the dual-standard approach to DC fast charging. By clearly recognizing “multistandard recharging” and protecting the interest of the first-mover EV drivers as well as Member States, EU has aligned the legislation with the present state of the market and left the door open for future evolutions.”

“The recital2 of this directive clearly advocates that existing EVs shall continue to be able to charge, and that the existing infrastructure remain in operation without retrofitting or any arbitrary “transitional period.” CHAdeMO appreciates this as a clear recognition of the over 1,000 CHAdeMO chargers currently in operation in Europe, servicing 36,000 users every day.”

EU still would like to have one standard for charging electrified vehicles – Type 2 for AC charging (both normal/slow up to 22 kW and fast like in Renault ZOE) and Combo 2 for DC. But now this matter is more clear.

Now, and for about three years into the future, everybody can install public charging points of whichever type they want. After three years, from the entry into force of this Directive, there still will be a possibility to install any charging point provided it has one Type 2 AC plug (for AC charging points) or one Combo 2 plug (for DC charging points). This mean that sole CHAdeMO will not be allowed, but CHAdeMO and Combo 2 will.

If the number of CHAdeMO-ready cars are high enough (compared to Combo 2-ready cars), operators probably will be installing multi standard chargers and both solutions will stay for a long time just like fuel distributors (gasoline/diesel), however differences between them will not be in fuel (both are electricity) but in the standard itself, which is due to the absence of an early agreement between carmakers or early regulation from EU.

“We believe that this political decision shall speed up the deployment of DC fast chargers in Europe, leading to an accelerated adoption of EVs. EU has taken an important step forward to achieving its goals to reduce the EU transport sector’s dependence on oil and curb its climate impact.”
Toshiyuki Shiga, the President of CHAdeMO Association, stated:
“Europe sends loud and clear a message to reassure EV drivers that they have made the right choice and that multi standard chargers are the answer to allow all EV drivers to charge at all stations.”
Fragment from the final draft for the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

Fragment from the final draft for the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

Fragment from the final draft for the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

Fragment from the final draft for the Directive on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure

Full text can be found here.

Categories: Charging


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7 Comments on "CHAdeMO Association Welcomes EU Decision To Endorse CHAdeMO in Multistandard Chargers"

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standardization is a good thing, especially if it has no patents to be bought, the question is whether the EU decision also underlies Tesla slow setup of superchargers in Europe?

Probably not. And now they have started in Europe so let’s hope that new superchargers will pop up everyday. =)

Also very good: AC Charging with to 43kw ist defined as a Fast Charging Method. Around 10.000 shipped ZOE have that as default. And Kangoo is planned to have that as well.
In Contrast CCS is not standard in VW and BMW i3 in Germany, it must be purchased seperately. And no one knows if 20% or 50% is the adoption rate of CCS in these cars.

In the end it will be something like a ABB Terra 53 Combo Station with 43kw AC, 50kw CCS and 50kw CHAdeMo, like Belgium is building them along their Autobahnen.

I expect 5 years until we see them, because no one wants to spend 100.000€ for such a station and infrastructure for charging just ONE car at a time. How do you want to make Profit with these combo stations ? I dont know, and stay with my slow 22kw AC where I have thousands of charging points NOW.

< 50kW DC fast chargers are a complete waste of money due to the high costs of the EVSE and installation.

10-20 kW AC charging is what should be pushed for mass deployment with 100+kW DC fast charging for long distance. If you are staying at a hotel, does it really matter that it is 20kW or 45kW? No. But at 8-15X the install cost, there is likely very few DCQC plugs installed. If you are at an amusement park, or theater, or so forth, it would be better to have 10x more plugs at 20kW than 1 plug at 45kW. At 45kW, it still isn't fast enough for a good long distance travel cadence. We need 100+kW for long distance travel.

As a result, 50kW DC fast charging makes no sense at all and is a complete waste of money. CCS or CHAdeMO doesn't matter, < 100kW DC fast charging is money flushed down the toilet. Part of the problem is installing EVSE's built for today's cars – but the EVSE and install costs have to be amortized over more than today's cars.

A wise decision. This will establish the precident that consumers do not have to fear for their purchase choice. It also does not punish Nissan for their bold early investment. It is much more costly to change your car purchase than a Betamax or HD player…

Nissan should have pushed for 20kW AC charging – 80 amp J1772 in the US, other local AC standards elsewhere. The entire 45kW CHAdeMO EVSE infrastructure is a complete waste. They would be better served to spend that money on retrofitting all Leafs with 20kW AC L2 charging for 60 mph charging. At 20kW, that is still fast enough to fill a Leaf @ work or at the local mall in 1.5 hours or less.

When Nissan comes out with a 50kWh battery pack with 100kW charging at 2C, then they can do 100 kW DCQC and that makes sense for DCQC. Until then, < 100 kW should be done at the local AC electricity standard for far lower cost.

Given that Combo2 is basically Type2 + 2 additional DC pins (and a 100% compatible extension to the handshaking protocol), it’s a shame the standard doesn’t insist on 43kW AC support on the Combo2 plug. After all, *in theory* only a small adaptor would be needed to plug a fully Type2 supporting Combo charger into a Type2 socket and then any Type2 EV could charge at whatever rate they supported, up to the existing 43kW standard – a separate Type2 plug wouldn’t be needed.