BYD Delivers First of 27 US Built, Zero Emission Trucks

MAR 19 2017 BY MARK KANE 25

BYD Q1M Heavy-‐‐Duty Terminal Tractor that will be used in daily operations at the Daylight Transport facility in Fontana, Calif.

BYD has delivered its first US built, heavy-duty terminal tractor to the Daylight Transport facility in Fontana, California, as part of the largest U.S. order for electric trucks to date (27 units) in Southern California.

BYD Q1M Heavy-‐‐Duty Terminal Tractor that will be used in daily operations at the Daylight Transport facility in Fontana, Calif.

The Chinese company is currently expanding its assembly facility in Lancaster to handle growing demand for electric buses and trucks of all sizes.

The contract includes 23 class 8 and four class 5 vehicles for disadvantaged communities in Los Angeles and San Bernardino Counties.

As you can see in the above (top) photo, BYD is also providing electric forklift trucks.

“BYD today joined with the California Air Resources Board, San Bernardino Council of Governments and Daylight Transport to celebrate the arrival of the first of 27 zero-emission battery-electric yard and service trucks to be deployed in disadvantaged communities with some of the worst air quality in the nation including San Bernardino and Los Angeles Counties.

The project is funded in part by the State of California’s cap-and-trade program. BYD is playing a key-role in this groundbreaking project as the original equipment manufacturer providing the 27 battery-electric trucks, which includes 23 Class 8 yard trucks and four Class 5 service trucks.”

BYD Q1M Heavy-‐‐Duty Terminal Tractor that will be used in daily operations at the Daylight Transport facility in Fontana, Calif.

“The yard trucks are also known as utility tractor rigs, yard tractors, yard spotters, yard hostlers, yard mules, or yard goats, and are the most commonly-used, heavy duty vehicles for cargo handling in the freight industry.  Conventional yard trucks are powered by diesel engines that operate 24/7/365 at ports, railyards, and warehouses that are located within or adjacent to residential areas.  The service trucks are diesel-powered medium duty trucks that are used to service all of the cargo handling equipment at freight facilities, including yard trucks.  The battery-electric alternatives demonstrated in this project are 100% zero-emission and will provide meaningful emissions reductions that will benefit both public health and climate change.

Three yard trucks and a service truck will operate at Daylight Transport’s facility in the City of Fontana, with the remaining 23 trucks planned for operation at two BNSF Railway yards in San Bernardino and Los Angeles Counties. BNSF will take delivery of their BYD electric trucks in the coming months.”

Stella Li, president of BYD Motors said:

“With this project, California is proving to critics that clean air and job creation are not mutually exclusive. BYD is proud of its role in this project as the provider of 27 zero-emission, all-electric trucks that are coming from our manufacturing facility in the City of Lancaster, Los Angeles County. Our electric trucks are safe and reliable, and every purchase of a BYD electric truck in California helps support local job creation.”

Categories: BYD, Trucks


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25 Comments on "BYD Delivers First of 27 US Built, Zero Emission Trucks"

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And this is how BEVs can replace heavy diesel: pick off the low-hanging fruit and work up as the costs come down and capabilities increase.


*And* – don’t forget – government regulation and subsidies.

The “free market” (meaning, the inertial fossil-subsidizing status quo) will never do it on its own. Even if there’s a willing EV maker like BYD or Tesla, the commercial clients won’t shell out the extra up-front cost for the conversion.

Glad you put “free market” in quotes. There is no free market when it comes to many industries, including energy. I’m with Musk on this one; I’m all for getting rid of subsidies and let the market decide the course, but that means ALL subsidies for fossil fuel as well. That ain’t happening any time soon.

As for more regulations, I don’t think that’s the way. More regulations mean more stuff that little guys have hard time keeping up, while established big guys have easy time getting around. Better is to reduce them, but that ain’t happening either, so just keep it the same and let more EV companies spring up.

I’m pretty sure that these are new-build trucks, but in Southern California, that’s really a secondary concern. The ever-tightening regulations and community outcry against warehouses really make it appealing to obtain a product that allows them to remove much of those complaints. If a conversion is priced right, it will get plenty of business, especially since they also save a lot of money in fuel and maintenance. Also, I imagine that the falling price of batteries and economies of scale will quickly bring the cost of these trucks on par with the diesels that they’re replacing, at least in the new market.

It’s not ‘conversion’- it’s REPLACEMENT.

Trump says Climate Change is a hoax perpetuated by the Chinese to make manufacturing uneconomical for the US. When actually China is increasing it’s dominance by accelerating manufacturing in renewable energy technology.
Trump wants to turn back the clock 100 years when Coal was king.
I think he should use a pencil and paper for his correspondence rather than TWITTER for lack of appreciation for new technologies.

Trump is an idiot who spews statements that make no sense. It is a waste of time to spend anytime getting upset about the latest stupidity he utters.

I’d agree, except that he and his party have full control of the levers of power at the Federal level, and in the majority of the State level. He needs to be fought politically, not ignored. Ignoring him is how he got this far.

Recognize the likelihood for Rump stupidity and lies, then make sure good people don’t get hurt.

Mark Kane:

If they operate 24/7/365, when do they have time to recharge the batteries? How does that work?

I think they are still for a large part of their operating time, which allows them to plug in. But, I’m not really sure.

Altho I haven’t read much on this topic, it seems reasonable to assume that many or perhaps most freight yards don’t have a steady inflow and outflow of semi trailers needing to be moved; more likely it comes in fits and starts, with plenty of time in the lulls to charge the truck.

OK – so you guys don’t know either. I wasn’t looking for further guesses, but comments from people who knew facts.

It’s based on a thing called ‘common sense’. Get some.

Okay, tm, let’s look at this another way:

A BEV yard truck tractor will work well in freight yards where the incoming traffic comes in fits and starts. One good example would be at a busy port; when a container ship docks and is unloaded, then a lot of containers will need to be mounted on trailers and moved quickly. Afterward, most of the yard truck tractors will sit idle until the next container ship comes in.

In freight yards where the traffic is steady, in and out all day, then a BEV yard truck tractor makes much less sense.

One doesn’t have to be an expert in the subject to understand that there are places where it makes sense to use BEV yard truck tractors, and other places where it doesn’t. In fact, one only has to know that BEV yard truck tractors are already being used, to realize this must be so. As JIMFOX said, all it takes is the application of common sense.

Get it? Got it? Good.

And if one ship after the other arrives like in big harbour you never charge?

I wish Tesla would get moving on their truck line. Forget BYD. Forget Chinese. Buy american, buy Tesla

These trucks are manufactured in Lancaster, CA and BYD is currently expanding their factory there.


given a choice to buy a BYD truck made in California or a Tesla truck made in California, I choose Tesla. JMO.

There is plenty of room for both BYD and Tesla.

And more zero emission companies is better.

Glad to see BYD getting a toe in the door, but let’s remember that yard mule tractors are a tiny niche market, and one that’s already being served by at other companies selling BEVs of this type.

You can see just by glancing at the truck that it’s not intended to drive at high speeds; no streamlining at all is involved! While I applaud the movement of BEVs into any and all applications, we need to understand that this isn’t much of an advance toward a BEV semi tractor which is commercially viable for long-distance freight hauling.

Here’s one of BYD’s competitors:
“Pure Electric Terminal Truck” from Orange EV

Long haul BEV semis would be viable today with dynamic recharging. In fact, they’d have an insurmountable cost advantage.

Otherwise, be prepared to wait a few decades.

And a huge weight dissatvantage for cariing 2.000 kWh oft battery.

15 hours operation per charge, top speed 33mph, 240hp AC PM motor, 1 hr (min, full) charge at 200kW, 209kWh battery pack.

It doesn’t appear hugely far away from a viable BEV replacement for a (short haul) diesel semi.