20 Years Of Electric Car History In Norway – Video

DEC 13 2015 BY MARK KANE 13

Norsk elbilforening

Norsk elbilforening

The history of electric cars in Norway dates back some 20 years.

Thanks to Norsk elbilforening, we can see what happened during the past two decades.

It all begins in the early era of Th!nk City and Buddy, and then moves onto the establishing of the Norwegian electric vehicle association, and accelerating sales with the introduction of series produced models like Mitsubishi i-MiEV, Nissan LEAF and others.

As of today, there are around 70,000 all-electric cars in Norway and probably nearly 10,000 plug-in hybrids.

To achieve the current 20-plus percent market share for EVs, a series of actions were taken:

  • Final exemption sales tax (01.01.1996)
  • Exemption annual tax (01.01.1996)
  • Exemption road toll (01.06.1997)
  • EL registration plates (01.01.1999)
  • Exemption municipal parking (01.19.1999)
  • Reduced company taxation (01.01.2000, expanded in 2005 and 2009)
  • Zero VAT on purchase (01/07/2001)
  • Access to bus lanes (01.06.2005)
  • Free EV access to highway ferries (01.01.2009)
  • Climate agreement securing tax excemptions until 01.01.2018 (11.06.2012)
  • Zero VAT on leasing EVs or battery packs (01.07.2015)
Norway... EVs everywhere

Norway… EVs everywhere

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13 Comments on "20 Years Of Electric Car History In Norway – Video"

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Why can’t the UK Germany etc be like Norway?

Because they have a car industry and won’t place a 100% tax on ICE-cars. Sadly…

The biggest advance in electric vehicles has been the Lithium batteries along with AC controllers both made into a great vehicle by AC Propulsion. That has been the key and will continue to be the best for years to come. ACP founded in 1992 by Alan Cocconi and Wally Rippel .

Its a collective effort so kudos to all the pioneers that have helped and are helping, and continue to do so, in the future.
It is interesting how most of the participants in the video refer to the dark times, and look at where we are now, theme.
Its always darkest before the dawn, and you gotta get in to get out. Crumb munchers and carpet crawlers…

Li-Ion batteries are probably the most important advance for EVs in the past 30 years.

But there are lots of technologies that have been important:
-AC motors that are efficient and don’t require rare earth metals.
-Smartphones so you can pre-warm or pre-cool cars, and so you can easily located the nearest charging station.
-Wi-Fi & cellular networks so you can do over-the-air updates.
-DC fast-chargers that allow people to get an 80% charge in 20 to 30 minutes.
-Battery management systems that optimize charging, discharging, thermal issues, state-of-charge estimations, etc.

Driving a Tesla watching what these people have done is amazing. Here in the Midwest driving an EV makes you look eccentric, the farthest most would venture is a hybrid.

I believe Norway is the home of several 1998-2000 era Ford Ranger EVs. There were always several Norwegians contributing to the Yahoo Ford Ranger EV group online (Ranger-EV@yahoogroups.com), and may still do, although our ranks are dwindling. I still have mine after 15 years and about 63,000 miles on the original NiMH battery pack. The range has dropped some, but with the help of the online group I have been able to keep it running gas-free all this time!

Cool, what’s your remaining range?

On a good day, I can get 45 miles, down from 65 when I first leased it. I average about 4,000 miles per year now, but it was my 25-mile round trip commute vehicle for about 11 years before I retired. It has a 1,000 lb. payload, which I abuse by going to the dump every few months. I hauled 1,500 lbs on one trip, but drove very slowly.

About time to switch to lithium then and double or more range.
These ERangers and E10’s are about the only way to get a factory EV.
Sell the pack to others to keep their run could pay for 50% or so of a lithium set from crashed Leaf, Volt.
Especially if you are running 350vdc or so.
Then it’ll be good for another 15+ yrs.

Nice Ray . . . those early Ford Rangers are proof that electric trucks can be done too. There is a lot of room under trucks where batteries can be installed. And putting the batteries down there helps reduce rollover risk.

I look forward to someone building a pick-up PHEV or even pure EV if they are brave enough. I think they will sell better than car makers think. Farmers & ranchers can throw up solar PV panels on their barns and thus eliminate the fuel costs for their trucks.

10-12 Ranger EVs still running in Norway, mine rounded 100 000 km the other day on original batteries. Range is 50-60 miles, using it for my 40 miles daily commute. Will keep it until Tesla present their pickup truck 🙂

Yep . . . a tip of the hat to the Th!nk City and the Buddy. Electric cars that were around when no one else dared make them.

And as we like to say in Silicon Valley, you can always recognize the Pioneers as they are the ones with the arrows in their backs.

Trivia: Sergey Brin, Google co-founder, drove an early Think City.