Review: Ford C-Max Energi

4 years ago by Jay Cole 16

2013 Ford C-Max Energi

We have been anticipating being able to review this car for a very long time.   Thankfully, the first C-Max Energis are finally being delivered.

This is also one of those rare occasions where we (the media) do not receive a test car to drive months ahead of a product launch, so in many areas you can head down to your local dealer and actually test drive one for yourself.

And while I will be pulling first impression duties for InsideEVs on the plug-in Ford, my colleague Lyle Dennis will be filing a short-term report as soon as he logs a few thousand miles in his own C-Max Energi.

The Specs

The Ford C-Max is powered by a combination of Ford’s 2.0L direct-injected four-cylinder engine, along with a permanent magnet AC synchronous electric motor that puts out 88kW/118 at 6,000 RPMs (117 lb.-ft./240Nm), which is powered by a 7.6-kWh lithium-ion battery pack. Total system power maxes out at 188 horsepower and 129 pound-feet of torque.

The front wheel drive plug-in’s top speed is 102 mph (which we did not test), with a total weight of 3,899, that portly figure is about 250lbs heavier than both the standard hybrid and the Chevrolet Volt.  The C-Max Energi also seats five with a MPGe of 108 City /92 HWY, and a all electric range (officially) of 21 miles.  Extended range fuel efficiency is rated by the EPA at a combined 43 MPG (44 city/41 highway).

This, And A Starting MSRP Under $30,000* Is The Ford C-Max Energi's Advantage Over Other Extended Range Plug-Ins

The Range, Performance

Generally one of the first things you want to establish is how the real world range holds up to the advertised specs.  Historically, just about all offerings come up a little short in this regard.

Unfortunately, it seems that those 21 EPA miles of driving electrically can be a little bit of challenge; in fact in many cases the C-Max didn’t want to even start there, with the dash insisting the car had 19 miles from launch.  In the end (and refreshingly) the dash estimattions were right on the money, as the Ford returned both 18 and 19 miles of range in seperate tests.  Driver heavy-footedness could also be at play here.

In electric mode (EV Now) and in the city, the car performs well, as it has 117lb of torque ready to go at all times (not dissimilar in performance to that of the Chevy Volt).  Where things get a little dicey is on the highway.  Ford claims a top electric speed of 85 mph, and while it is true that you can get the car up to speed, it is going to take you awhile if you want to avoid the gas engine.  (The speed-o-meter is reported to be about 3 mph optimistic, so your real world top speed is more like 82).

C-Max Energi's 17" Low Rolling Resistance Tires

Above 70mph (in EV Now mode-which forces the car to perform electrically), acceleration is not all that great, or the handling…perhaps due to the low-rolling resistance tires and 3,900lbs.

Simply put, if you are driving 75 mph and want to stay driving on just electricity, and you have to enter the oncoming traffic’s lane to pass, you are probably going to die.

However, it is not all bad news for those of us who occasionally like to drive a little spiritedly; out of the EV Now mode you will be receiving the full benefit of the 188 hp, and with it, more than acceptable highway performance is soon returned to the C-Max.

We should note, that like its competition, the Chevrolet Volt, the transmission in the C-Max Hybrid (CVT) looks to makes high speed driving not very fun.  Driving at 75mph+ nets you a fairly harsh (and consistent) engine noise, which the tach (if you can figure out how to turn it on) confirms to be an engine at close to 5,000 rpms.

The C-Max Energi has three driving modes:

EV: Auto
    The vehicle automatically takes advantage of plug-in charge.  When the charge is depleted, C-MAX Energi operates as a full hybrid.  Also, the powertrain computer automatically selects the appropriate blend of battery usage and engine usage based on demand and the state of battery charge.
EV: Now
   The vehicle operates in EV mode using plug-in power. The gasoline engine will not operate unless an override setting is selected.
EV: Later
   This setting saves plug-in power for later use, like transitioning from highway to lower-speed residential neighborhood use. C-MAX Energi operates in normal hybrid mode, using both gas engine and electric motor. Plug-in power is reserved until the driver switches to the EV: Now or EV: Auto setting.

Charging

While the battery is 7.6 kWh, you are going to draw about 8.1 kWh from the wall to full charge the car.  (Why are plug-in car makers not forced to report this number we will never know).

A full charge at  240v takes about 2:45, while 120v is closer to 7 hours. Because the battery is relatively small compared to fully electric cars, and half the size of the Volt’s, we feel that many owners can (and probably will) skip owning a Level 2 charger at home.

Ford C-Max Energi Dash - We Would Like To Trade In The Huge Leaf Pile For A Regular Tach

People Moving

Functionality is where the C-Max Energi really shines.  The car is simply the most practical extended range hybrid to get people around in, hands down.   Not even close.  There is a lot of space inside the car, which is not all that long at 174-inches.  The roofline is very tall, and the seating position is about as far away from compact passenger car as you can get.  Very upright seating positions.

Fighting The Competition

Ford's 7.6 kWh Lithium Battery Takes Up A Good Bulk Of The Cargo Area In The Rear

As far as we can tell, the C-Max hybrid is mainly doing battle with the Prius V, and the C-Max Energi is doing battle with the Chevrolet Volt

Compared to the Volt, the performance specs of the C-Max Energi are just not quite as good (with an estimated a 0-60 time of 9 seconds).

Our impression is that the Volt’s front seating area is a little more luxurious, with the C-Max getting the nod for “ease of use” on the dash instrumentation.

Although the EPA suggest the Volt gets 38 miles electrically and the C-Max Energi gets 21; we feel the C-Max Energi will only get about half the Volt’s real world range, as Chevy’s 38 miles are easily attainable.

However, the C-Max has 5 seats, and that is a biggie.  Although my own family only consists of 3 people, I can tell you that even for me the Volt’s rear passenger configuration has annoyed me on more than a few times attempting to utilize the area just for transporting everyday items that would not be an issue for a normal car.

So while we would not suggest three adults, or even two adults and a child attempt to use the back seat of the C-Max Energi for any length of time, the fact that they can in a pinch can not be undervalued.

In the back of the C-Max Energi, the large battery definitely intrudes as compared to the standard hybrid.   The rear cargo area floor, as is raised a good 8 to 10 inches.  Even still, Ford says the Energi has 19 cubic feet of luggage space.   Although looking at the dimensions its probably a good idea to not be planning on moving anything too ‘tall’ in the back.  With the rear seats down, total capacity expands to 43 cubic feet.

Conclusion

Did we mention that my colleague Lyle Dennis is trading  in his Volt for one?  We don’t think this will be an isolated occurrence either.  The C-Max Energi’s functionality (and five seats) can’t be denied.   And other than the 5-6 minutes you might spend attempting electric driving north of 70 mph, the performance is no slouch either.

What also can’t be denied is the cost.  It is the first extended range car to start at the magic number of $29,995 (including $795 delivery, but after a $3,750 federal credit), and $28,495 in California (thanks to the state’s CVRP program).  We expect big things, and big sales from the C-Max Energi, and it makes us anticipate the Ford Fusion Energi in January all the more.

 

 

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16 responses to "Review: Ford C-Max Energi"

  1. taser54 says:

    Where was this tested? Range reduction for the battery in cooler weather could also be a culprit. Unfortunately, I think the Energi may have a problem with range in hot weather too, given the decision to air-cool the battery.

    Any comments on sound when the engine kicks in?

    Also, looking at the Ford site, the engine is rates at 129 ft-lbs of torque while the electric motor is rated at 117 ft-lbs of torque. Is there no way to combine their power? Or is there some typo for total system power. I can’t imagine that with only 129 ft-lbs of torque and nearly 4,000lbs the ENERGI would be 0-60 in 9 seconds. A corolla with a engine rated at that torque and a manual transmission could do it, but it weighs 1300lbs lighter than the ENERGI.

    1. Jay Cole says:

      Here is all the specs on the C-Max Energi from Ford themselves, the combined power/sustained is 188hp:
      http://media.ford.com/images/10031/2013_CMAX_Specs.pdf

      Cooler weather could be at play for range…same goes for driving style.

      The battery management system is the same as the Focus Electric, except of course the manner by which the battery is cooled (liquid for FFE, air for C-Max Energi)

  2. GeorgeS says:

    Thx for the unbiased review.

    After reading this my only conclusion is that, If Chevy puts the Voltec power train in an MPV type body , they will have a superior product.

    1. Schmeltz says:

      I always hoped the Volt would be a larger car than it was brought out to be, like the size of a Malibu for instance, and comfortably seat 5. I still hold out hope the next generation Volt will remedy this complaint along with the perennial, “please lower the doggone price already!” complaint. Hopefully with this car in tandem with the Fusion Energi, GM can see what they got to do, and address these concerns in future.

    2. ClarksonCote says:

      I’m really hoping they have a surprise announcement on that at the NAIAS. Otherwise, Chevrolet will be losing the amazing lead in plug-ins that they had with the Volt.

  3. vdiv says:

    Volt == EREV
    C-MAX Energi == PHEV

    Sure the average user will not discern the difference, but it is there.

    Chevy, your turn!

    (hints, 50 mile AER, 30A & Fast DC charging, a 2.0L turbo Al-Mg block engine, no Mountain Mode)

    1. GeorgeS says:

      definitely would have to be the super luxury SS version. Sounds like an MPV with ELR power train. (except I don’t see a turbo in the ELR like Jay does).

      Hey Jay want to make a friendly bet on the ELR turbo issue???

  4. Brian says:

    “However, it is not all bad news for those of us who occasionally like to drive a little spiritedly; out of the EV Now mode (which forces the car to perform electrically) you will then be receiving the full benefit of the 188 hp, and with it, more than acceptable highway performance is soon returned to the C-Max.”

    Jay –
    It is my understanding that the C-Max has three modes: EV Now, EV Auto and EV Later. Am I correct in assuming this statement is using EV Now? EV Now is supposed to force you into EV only mode no matter how hard you slam on the accelerator. EV Auto should have brought the ICE into play in situations such as passing, even before the battery is depleted. Could you confirm which mode you were in?

    Also, did you measure your MPG in hybrid mode? The EPA rates the car at 43 combined. Is that realistic?

    1. Jay Cole says:

      Yes, I probably should have mentioned that in the article. Three modes are indeed in play.

      Forcing the EV mode in an attempt to hit 85 mph is probably not the best idea. We probably should have featured the modes a little better. Will add that (and the 3 modes) in now, (=

  5. Dave R says:

    Comments:

    “with a MPGe of 92 City / 108 HWY”
    You get those numbers backwards… 108 MPGe hwy would really be nice, though. 🙂 Unfortunately the large frontal area of the C-MAX prevents that.

    “Above 70mph, acceleration is not all that great, perhaps due to the low-rolling resistance tires and 3,900lbs.”
    I presume that this was in EV-only mode. Tires really have nothing to do with acceleration. The acceleration (or lack thereof in this case) at highway speeds has everything to do with the limited EV power the car has – 35 kW combined at highways speeds and 3,900 lbs to pull don’t leave you much excess torque to accelerate. One could always put the car into EV-auto or EV-later as Brian suggests as well if one needs the extra power on the highway and save the electrons for later.

    In my mind – the deal killer here is still the amount of space the larger battery pack takes away from storage space. Everything else about it seems to be very good. They really need to get the trunk floor flat on the hybrid and slight increase in height would be acceptable for the Energi. As it is the Energi’s battery appears to take up half the usable cargo space in the rear – very few people like to load up the car so that the view is restricted out the back window if at all possible for safety reasons.

    1. Jay Cole says:

      Yupe, sorry about the accidental flip-flop on the numbers, and the quote should have been “Above 70mph, acceleration is not all that great, or the handling…perhaps due to the low-rolling resistance tires and 3,900lbs”

      /fixed…thanks for the heads-up on the mistake

      1. Dave R says:

        Sweet! 🙂

  6. Anthony says:

    Great review Jay! I cant want to hear from Lyle’s ownership experience. IMO this is the closest to a Volt competitor we’ll have for a while.

  7. evnow says:

    My nearest Ford dealer has an Energi – but I’ve not had the time to go and take a look. Perhaps next week.

    But looking at the photos, looks like we will have to skip it. The trunc looks heavily compromised. I don’t think I can put a stroller and do any amount of shopping.

  8. Stuart22 says:

    Nice review, but it’s not really a competitor to the Volt, being more of a utility wagon while the Volt is a 4 passenger sedan, each attracting different tastes and desires.

    As to operation, the Volt appears to have it handily beat with its full 100mph electric capability, double the EV range, simpler and more direct operation — the three modes of the Energi seem to have more compromises when compared to each other (e.g. max economy but lousy performance), while the Volt’s two main driving modes (I’m not counting the Hold mode and Mountain mode) don’t have major sacrifices to consider.

    The attractive price makes the Energi a real contender however. Kudos to Ford for taking the plunge, game is ON!

  9. Nelson says:

    “Driving at 75mph+ nets you a fairly harsh (and consistent) engine noise, which the tach (if you can figure out how to turn it on) confirms to be an engine at close to 5,000 rpms.”

    That’s a deal breaker for me! My 2009 Malibu goes <3,000 rpms at 80mph.

    NPNS!
    Volt#671