Nissan Teams With ENEL To Transform Electric Cars Into Mobile Energy Source

1 year ago by Mark Kane 27

Nissan and ENEL team up to transform electric vehicles into mobile energy sources

Nissan and ENEL team up to transform electric vehicles into mobile energy sources

Nissan and ENEL team up to transform electric vehicles into mobile energy sources

Nissan LEAF using Enel V2G charger

Nissan announced a smart grid trial in Europe using electric cars and a Vehicle to Grid system together with its partner ENEL.

The goal is to create ‘energy hubs’ combining renewable energy and car battery as storage.

Hopefully this signals the beginning of Nissan V2G (vehicle to grid) systems for places not in Japan.

“Nissan will commence Smart Grid trials in partnership with multinational energy manufacturer and distributor, ENEL.

As part of the landmark partnership, Nissan and ENEL have committed to working together, to explore:

  • Introducing this revolutionary technology to the European market;
  • The extended use of ‘second life’ electric vehicles batteries for static applications;
  • Designing and evaluating potential affordable energy and mobility pack offers

Vehicle-to-Grid allows customers to take control of the type of energy they consume – avoiding peak tariffs and generating additional household income during peak times.

Using a special two-way charger and energy management system developed by Nissan in partnership with ENEL, LEAF owners can connect to charge at low-demand, cheap tariff periods, with an option to then use the electricity stored in the vehicle’s battery at home when costs are higher, or even feed back to the grid to generate additional household income.”

Consumers and businesses that join the trials with Nissan could count on receiving revenue when the car is plugged in. The trials will begin first in Denmark, Germany and the Netherlands, but we don’t see full details in the press release.

“Trials are already underway to test the viability of Grid Integrated Vehicles, the first time ever these systems are tested thus showing how electric vehicles can actively contribute to the development of the energy market.”

“The agreement with the ENEL Group will bring the first Grid Integrated Vehicles to countries where regulation allows sufficient value generation. Denmark will host the first set of trials with Germany, Netherlands and other northern European regions following suit. This endeavour is part of Enel’s and Nissan’s commitment to support the entire electric vehicle ecosystem, going way beyond the car itself and delivering new services to the power industry.”

“The Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) technology allows electric vehicles to be fully integrated into the electricity grid by also improving grid capability to handle renewable power and will make renewable sources even more diffused and affordable. V2G charging infrastructure and V2G-enabled electric vehicles give together EV owners and businesses with large EV fleets the opportunity to create mobile energy hubs integrating their vehicles with the grid. The system works by allowing Nissan LEAF owners to connect to charge at low-demand, cheap tariff periods, with an option to then use the electricity stored in the vehicle’s battery at home when costs are higher, or even feed back to the grid to generate additional  returns.

In France for example, where there are 38 million vehicles and where the current electricity generation capacity is 130 GW, a future where all vehicles on the road are EVs/PHEV, the grid integration of the vehicles could generate a virtual power plant of up to 380 GW (3 times the national generation capacity of France).

The agreement signed by Nissan and Enel also envisaged joint cooperation on other innovative solutions such as energy management services using 2nd life and new batteries and charging stations to electric taxi cooperatives.”

Paul Willcox, Nissan Europe Chairman commented:

“Nissan is the world leader in electric vehicles. We’ve being doing it longer than anyone else, we’ve sold more than anyone else and we’ve got plans for the future that are more credible than anyone else. Our pioneering partnership with ENEL is a perfect example of those plans, taking the car beyond a pure road vehicle, and using it to charge your home or office. It ultimately means that electric vehicles can now become a fully integrated part of our national electricity systems right across Europe.” He also added “A sustainable transportation future demands better connections between vehicles, utilities, renewable energy sources and buildings. This is why today’s announcement is so important – it’s the first step towards a truly integrated automotive energy eco-system.As the energy and automotive sectors converge, and as we look toward to an ever electric future, the opportunities for enhanced energy management have never been stronger. Vehicle-to-Grid technology represents a step closer to this vision and underscores Nissan’s commitment to the entire EV ecosystem – it goes way beyond driving.”

Ernesto Ciorra, Chief Innovation Officer at Enel stated:

“Enel is leading the power industry in developing and introducing a V2G charging infrastructure into the global market. We consider integration with electric vehicles a cornerstone of the future of the electric system, as they now have become far more than mobility solutions. Technologies like Vehicle to Grid have the potential to transform energy systems and we’re pleased to join forces with Nissan and move this vision forward. With increased pressure on the grid and an overreliance on fossil fuels, Vehicle-to-Grid implementation gives EV owners the ability to store and release green energy back into the grid. This is an extraordinary time for electric mobility. This alliance make it possible to connect the dots: together, Enel and Nissan have all that is needed to bring new services to customers as well as provide them with new ways to use their cars and get returns out of that.V2G is one of the innovations that can improve our life and make the world a better place for all people now and for the generations to come This is well in line with Enel’s Innovation ‘mantra’ looking at creating better  climate conditions in the world we live in.”

Nissan and ENEL team up to transform electric vehicles into mobile energy sources

Nissan and ENEL team up to transform electric vehicles into mobile energy sources

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27 responses to "Nissan Teams With ENEL To Transform Electric Cars Into Mobile Energy Source"

  1. David S. says:

    Is there a two-way charger like this available in North America?

    1. pjwood1 says:

      What’s bad from a “car guy” perspective is the attitude from EV infrastructure, that this is a shared community where, for the good of all, we should V2G the equipment we’ve taken care of. None of the links suggest users would be able to choose either discharge rate, or depth. Hopefully, advanced metering will allow that. The rest is economic, as cars represent more gigawatts of idle daytime storage.

      What’s sad is watching the Ohio news, this December, as they and other state commissions seek to raise rates, so they can make living mummies out of coal plants. Modeling V2G into peak planning would have helped stop it.
      http://www.forbes.com/sites/williampentland/2015/12/12/firstenergy-finagles-mother-of-all-boondoggles/

    2. jerryd says:

      yes by ACPropulsion which did V2G 17 yrs ago with Ford in their factory E-Ranger
      pickups they sold.
      As an AC controller can be used to make grid AC and/or using the same power section, as a fast charger.

  2. SparkEV says:

    Would people allow their battery to degrade more with V2G, especially with Leaf? Until there are batteries not affected by charge/discharge cycles, I don’t know how many will opt for V2G. I suppose if there’s really good battery warranty, it’s possible.

    1. Scott says:

      I agree, however, as there is significant value in this to the utilities, there needs to and would certainly be some economic incentive. Sure, there will be increased degredation, but maximizing the benefit of the resource still makes a lot of sense.

      The challenge will occur from the fact that the peak afternoon BEV demand occurs immediately after the peak grid demand.

  3. Alan says:

    I suppose if you were leasing a leaf for 3 years battery degradation would be less of an issue, especially if it were the 60kWh ?

    1. SparkEV says:

      Battery will still degrade during the lease period, so V2G is still not good. If you say 60kWh is big enough that they won’t notice range degradation, they could’ve gotten cheaper EV with smaller battery instead.

      1. Alan says:

        How much is the battery likely to degrade ?

        If you charged the battery to full and drained it everyday (not likely) this would still only amount to little over 1000 cycles during 3 years.

        I can’t imagine the newest batteries coming to market being affected to that extent ?

        I could be wrong of course !

  4. Carsten says:

    If you have V2G and your EV-battery gets below 80%, just have that as a standalone connected to the V2G and a 2nd plug for your car with a new battery.

  5. Carsten says:

    2 days of electricity from a 24/30kWh battery is for sure not here in the US with 1000kWh average monthly household use.

    1. ICEfree says:

      1000kWh/mo! Where is your data from? Our single family home, including my LEAF which is a large and not yet normal load, uses 350-650kWh/mo. We used 387kWh last month.

      1. BraveLilToaster says:

        I don’t think it’s *that* unusual actually. We used about 1300 kWh in November, and that’s only a little bit above the average for my neighbourhood (our hydro company keeps such detailed statistics because it helps you to determine if you’re using an unusual amount). Our biggest day in the past couple months has consumed 118 kWh, although there have been plenty of days where we’ve used less than half that.

        The trick is that power is so cheap here at $0.07970 /kWh (and that’s in CAD!), that electric heat and hot water is really common. Plus our EV, and clothes dryer of course.

        We also have the option of using a gas fireplace for an extra cheery feel, but we don’t really use that much in our house except as a supplement on really cold days.

        Now, that aside, in areas like Texas where cheap wind power has been coming online, there has been a push to use all that capacity at night, so electric heat, hot water, and an EV in the garage is a great way to do it.

        In a large grid application of renewables like solar and wind, our EVs could easily collect juice from peak solar times so that we can take it home to use it there in the evening. Then late at night the car could charge up the rest of the way for the morning commute, using the spare capacity from wind farms.

        To address the intermittency of these sources, I think that EVs, especially the ones coming up with much larger batteries (that everyone demands), would very likely have the capacity to fill in those gaps, when they’re all working together. That’s still kind of speculative, since at the moment we have neither the large number of EVs, nor the enormous wind and solar farms necessary to pull it off. But we’re moving toward that end.

      2. ModernMarvelFan says:

        “1000kWh/mo! Where is your data from? Our single family home, including my LEAF which is a large and not yet normal load, uses 350-650kWh/mo. We used 387kWh last month”

        EIA.gov?

        You must live like a hermit or have all gas appliance or you have a broken meter. One of my coworkers claim that his E bill is constant at $40/month for the last 5 years regardless of how much power he uses…

    2. DLuxelectric says:

      1000kwh/month!! Canadian average is 600kwh and even that is too high. Eventually V2G will work. EV manufacturers fully realize the life cycles (and other limitations) of their batteries. Battery technology is improving in leaps and bounds (thanks to EV’s and grid storage demands). More universal and/or modular battery designs, dramatically improved charge/discharge cycles, swappable packs, etc, will increase the flexibility of both the EV’s and the V2G system. exciting times.

      1. BraveLilToaster says:

        That Canadian average is likely because most Canadian homes have gas furnaces to make heat. In houses that use electric heat, consumption is way higher, but emissions are also way lower. Especially in the parts of Canada that use lots of renewables.

      2. Djoni says:

        600 kWh per month is for household in very mild climate and gas heating appliances, space and water.
        Up here in Québec where most household use resistive heating for space and water and with the cold climate.
        The average for home like mine around here are more like 1500 kWh per month.
        If you add an electric car it goes higher.
        I’m over 2000 kWh per month.
        Gladly, it’s 99% renewable hydro electricity.

      3. ModernMarvelFan says:

        “In 2014, the average annual electricity consumption for a U.S. residential utility customer was 10,932 kilowatthours (kWh), an average of 911 kWh per month. Louisiana had the highest annual consumption at 15,497 kWh per residential customer, and Hawaii had the lowest at 6,077 kWh per residential customer.”

        https://www.eia.gov/tools/faqs/faq.cfm?id=97&t=3

        So, just few click (10%) under 1000 kWh/month.

    3. Doug B says:

      Average in Colorado Springs is a little under 600kWh

  6. shane says:

    There are alot of notional benefits – but until someone starts figuring out how to compensate the BEV/PHEV owner for this “service”, so the owner can decide if it is worth it to them – it just sounds like motherhood & apple pie.

    1. finecadmin says:

      They have. Years ago, if not over a decade now.

    2. BraveLilToaster says:

      What, you mean like net metering?

  7. ModernMarvelFan says:

    I don’t get the business model.

    If it is a such a good deal for owners, then utilities can just do it themselves with fixed installation of batteries. If it isn’t good enough deal for owners, then why bother to do V2G?

    1. Brian F. says:

      Duel use as both storage and transportation. As a utility why invest in a battery system if you have customer investing in transportation that can act as your battery system. Don’t invest capital, just pay for a service.

  8. Phr3d says:

    My personal take, from local experience, is that V2G is like Many programs that a trustworthy electric utility has been offering since the 70’s.
    Some commenters seem to think that the utility would use up their battery, when, in my experience, the usage would be relatively small, and ever smaller as more vehicles were enlisted. The first comparison that comes to mind was ‘heat alert’ situations here, where for $40 paid to the customer, you gave the utility the right to turn off your AC when demand was too high. It affected us not at all (home office) and while not much money, we liked the let’s-not-build-a-demand-unit cost benefit. I see V2G the same way, and a possible godsend to Trustworthy electric companies and their customers in the future, in eliminating the need for new demand units entirely. 2nd life batteries also. Apologies, if needed, for my rosie-tint, but the future looks bright RE renewables and V2G and and.. I cannot imagine quibbling about a bux worth of electricity being stolen back if it eliminates new construction.

    @MM, IMO, Owned stationary batteries are not nearly as cost effective as ‘can I borrow some?’ method from a customer’s full-service batteries. Certainly 2nd life will help with the costs, but Land to store the batteries will always be an issue, whereas 1000 happy EVs offering up an on-demand kWh removes the storage issue. Like the heat alert, there will probably be a method to double to load benefit, as the power charging the EV will be turned off for that same duration.

  9. John F says:

    I really hope some V2G standard gets adopted to avoid the problem of every car manufacture (and every utility company) having a different V2G protocol. There needs to be some way the vehicle owner can reserve some battery capacity for necessary driving needs. There needs to be a way the utility can estimate how much vehicle battery capacity is available to meet load and grid stabilization needs. Will there be an energy credit or a monetary compensation for use of the vehicle’s battery?
    I think having one V2G standard will help ensure the maximum benefit is obtained with EVs.

  10. Brian F. says:

    Just this week I applied for my local school system to receive an electric school bus with V2G. If awarded the bus would be operated by the school system and while parked our local utility can manage the V2G charging. The pilot will look at using the V2G to manage customer demand, use in the frequency regulation market and as a building backup power supply.