“Anti-ICEing” Laws Go Into Effect for Oregon and Illinois

9 months ago by Lanny Hartmann 34

Not A Plug-In Buick Lucerne Getting A Ticket

Not A Plug-In Buick Lucerne Getting A Ticket (via Pluginsites.org/L. Hartmann)

Two new state laws to penalize people who block electric vehicle charging stations went into effect on New Years Day 2016.

Oregon – $250 Fine for ICEing an EV Charging Station

Oregon House Bill 2625 created a law effective January 1, 2016 that is punishable by a maximum fine of $250.

Be It Enacted by the People of the State of Oregon:
SECTION 1. (1) As used in this section, “alternative fuel vehicle” has the meaning given that term in ORS 469B.100, except that “alternative fuel vehicle” includes vehicles registered in any jurisdiction.
(2) A person commits the offense of unlawful parking in a space reserved for alternative fuel vehicle refueling if:
(a) The person parks a vehicle in any parking space that is on premises open to the public;
(b) The parking space is marked or signed as reserved for alternative fuel vehicle refueling; and
(c) The vehicle in the parking space is not engaged in the refueling process.
(3) The offense of unlawful parking in a space reserved for alternative fuel vehicle refueling is a Class D traffic violation.

Illinois – Up to $100 Fine and Towing

In Illinois, as of January 1, 2016 people who park non-electric vehicles in spots reserved for an electric vehicle charging station will be subject to a $75-$100 fine and may get towed.

Here is the text of the new Illinois law.

Sec. 11-1308. Unauthorized use of parking places reserved for electric vehicles.
(a) For the purposes of this Section: “Electric vehicle” means a battery-powered electric vehicle operated solely by electricity or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle that operates on electricity and gasoline and has a battery that can be recharged from an external source. “Electric vehicle charging station” means any facility or equipment that is used to charge a battery or other energy storage device of an electric vehicle.
(b) It shall be prohibited to park a non-electric vehicle in an electric vehicle charging station designated for use by electric vehicles, including an electric vehicle charging station on any private or public offstreet parking facility. A person may park only an electric vehicle in an electric vehicle charging station space designated for use by electric vehicles.
(c) Any person or local authority owning or operating any public or private offstreet parking facility may, after notifying the police or sheriff’s department, remove or cause to be removed to the nearest garage or other place of safety any non-electric vehicle parked within an electric vehicle charging station space designated for use by electric vehicles.
(d) It shall not be a defense to a charge under this Section that the sign or notice posted at the electric vehicle charging station or the designated parking space does not comply with applicable rules, regulations, or local ordinances, if a reasonable person would be made aware by the sign or notice on or near the parking space that the space is reserved for electric vehicles.
(e) Any person found guilty of violating the provisions of subsection (b) shall be fined $75 in addition to any costs or charges connected with the removal or storage of the non-electric vehicle; but municipalities by ordinance may impose a fine up to $100.

PlugInSites Legislation Reference Guide

PlugInSites has compiled a Legislation Reference Guide for lawmakers to use as a resource to consult when drafting bills concerning reserved parking spaces for plug-in electric vehicle charging stations.

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34 responses to "“Anti-ICEing” Laws Go Into Effect for Oregon and Illinois"

  1. Mister G says:

    NICE

    1. flmark says:

      Which now actually becomes the acronym for:
      No ICE

      1. wavelet says:

        (-:

      2. Foo says:

        https://i.ytimg.com/vi/RBO_In1I2xw/maxresdefault.jpg

        ***mod edit (auto)***
        image too large to auto-embed – max 800 pcx
        ***mode edit***

    2. SJC says:

      Google has the same problem, people leave their cars after the charge is done, they are required to move their cars.

      1. Nick says:

        I’m surprised Google doesn’t simply have an EVSE for every EV which needs a charge.

        Having expensive software engineers messing around with hunting for EVSEs doesn’t sound ideal.

        1. Foo says:

          Or a crew of valets who will move the cars for the employees.

    3. WAITING says:

      Towing should be an absolute for any ICE vehicle!! EV owner notification of full charge should be another absolute that the car sends a text to the owner or flat out calls the owner and says the car is charged. Charging stations should include a color light coding system that shows GREEN and RED. If RED is showing, law enforcement tows the EV for not removing the car after receiving a full charge. It has to work both ways.

  2. kdawg says:

    “The vehicle in the parking space is not engaged in the refueling process.”
    ———–
    So you better plug in your car people!

    1. vdiv says:

      It’s bad for plug sharing for better station utilization. Guess Oregon will have to use the fine money for more stations then 😉

    2. solaris says:

      So instead of parking their lifted diesel trucks in EV spots, just to spite us, they will now simply unplug the J1772 connector and watch us get fined (and yes, this happens a lot).

      At least some of the popular EVs can lock the J1772 connector, but how long before selfish EV drivers start using that as the excuse (oh someone must have unplugged me)?

      Not sure what the right solution is, but I’m surprised this hasn’t been an issue yet.

      Also, LEAF owners with the solar panel could claim that they are in process of refueling, even when not plugged in 😉

      I would love to see a website dedicated to getting more of these types of laws passed (e-mail templates, who to contact, etc.). I’ve contacted my local government, even explaining this could be another source of revenue, but most locations just don’t care.

      Last but not least, how is this going to work with wireless charging spots, once those become public?

      1. Orygun EV driver says:

        “The vehicle in the parking space is not engaged in the refueling process.”

        Could even be plugged in and get a fine. If you are finished charging (Or the EVSE fails/resets) and still plugged in, are you “engaged in the refueling process”?

        1. zzzzzzzzzz says:

          It is better law, as charging places get abused by EV drivers too, who don’t need any charging but just use them as premium parking spot and block others.

      2. Marshal G says:

        The tiny solar panel on a Leaf only trickle charges the 12V battery.

      3. tom911 says:

        You can always lock the charger to your cars charging port with a small padlock when charging in such locations.

        1. vdiv says:

          That was the case with the Yazaki J1772 plug however the new cheaper plastic plugs do not have a locking hole.

          Maybe carry and deploy some barbed wire around it instead 😉

          1. SJC says:

            Go for cordless inductive charging.

  3. kosee says:

    I read in the Dutch section of the teslamotorsclub forum that an ev parking spot that was needed by a guy was half-iced (as in the car was half parked in the ev spot) in Amsterdam. He called the police and they said they won’t do anything because it’s probably unintentional trying to park in a normal place. He called the police again and simply reported that a car was in the EV spot instead of being specific. The police sent a tow truck!

    I don’t care about the fines, but quick towing should be normal. The signs for ev parking spots are usually very clear (at least in Holland, I don’t know about the US). I think people that don’t read such signs are total idiots and deserve to be towed.

    I don’t even own a car at the moment and this is common sense to me.

    What I don’t understand is why the US government is just now placing these laws. Shouldn’t that have been thought out before placing the public chargers in the first place? Or is that Europe logic that doesn’t apply in the US?

    1. jelloslug says:

      Nothing happens in the US until there is money to be made.

      1. ffbj says:

        Umm. True. +1

      2. philip d says:

        Or until it affects the local legislators personally.

  4. Someone out there says:

    “or a plug-in hybrid electric vehicle that operates on electricity and gasoline”

    So the law does not apply to diesel hybrids then?

    1. LEAF_n_PiP says:

      Please point us to a Plug-in Hybrid Diesel vehicle that will be sold in the US.

      1. Stephen says:

        What about a future plug-in fuel cell vehicle?

  5. Rick says:

    I have mixed feelings about this issue. Since EVs are less than 1% of the fleet, I have a problem with any public parking being reserved for them (when parking is at a premium). It could be vacant much of the time, which is a waste of public resources. However, once the public investment in the charging facility is made, it becomes a waste of the charging facility if it is being blocked by a non charger, but only when an EV wants to use it. I guess I’ll have to be conflicted on this one.

    1. Adrian Russell-Falla says:

      ever heard of social policy, Rick?

      you know, the idea that our society can choose to motivate, legislate and regulate individual behavior in the larger interests of the whole society?

      the carbon emissions of gasoline & diesel vehicles are a very substantial factor in our headlong, accelerating trajectory toward imminent ecological catastrophe.

      which imperative reality was formally acknowledged last month in Paris by every. single. country. on. the. planet.

      we need to get rid of all of fossil-fueled vehicles ASAP.

      so, we need more policies to motivate people in that direction, not fewer.

      1. Old Dad says:

        You don’t speak in hyperbole much, do you chicken little?

    2. Michael says:

      You realize that what you said applies equally to CNG an LP vehicles. Of course, you would never park in front those pumps. People need to understand that these are fueling stations not parking spaces.

      However, I genuinely believe that they are ICED by accident not through malice. EV chargers are new and perhaps not familiar to many drivers. Who has time to read the dozens of signs we encounter daily? Maybe it’s mistaken for a 15 minute loading zone. Who knows?

      But I’m less tolerant when the ICED by an EV that isn’t charging. They should know better. (Unless they’ve been unplugged by some idiot for shits & giggles.)

  6. Most of the problens are due to incorrect signage or wording. They usually say someting about ‘EV Parking Only’ in their wording, but EV’s have no special need in parking. None at all! But, for Charging, the spot is akin to a Gas Pump for an ICE, and as such, so the signs should read ‘Reserved for Electric Vehicles while Charging Only.’ With a possible addition of ‘Maximum 3 Hours’ and ‘Vehicles may be Ticketed and/or Towed if in Violation.’

    Lack of signs is just as bad as wrong sign wording for inviting stations being blocked, even by non charging EV’s!

    The laws should be progressive: 1st time – Warning; second time – Ticket, minimum fine; third time – Ticket, maximum fine plus demerit points on the licence.

    I also think EVSE’s should or could, gave a camera in them with a proximity sensor and a timer. Car pulls up, picture of it is taken, if not pkugged in and charging within 2 to 4 minutes, photo is sent to central server, plate nunber is registered and local police are notified, ticket is issued with photo embedded.

    Instead of ‘Don’t mess with Texas’ it woukd be ‘Don’t mess with EV Charging Stations!’

    1. Foo says:

      The spots where I work say, “EV Charging Only”.

  7. Adrian Russell-Falla says:

    1. the standard signage in Oregon already reads “Parking for Electric Vehicles Only While Charging”—that same content you want.

    2a. basic literacy (the ability to read & comprehend textual signage) is already an implicit requirement of our driver licensing regulations.

    2b. it’s long-established that ignorance of the law is no defense for breaking it.

    2c. if you’re aware of any driving (or parking) offenses that stipulate a mere warning be the only penalty imposed for a “first” [detected!] offense, please list them; I can’t think of any, nor can I see any credible reason to make ICEing any different.

    law enforcement agents often have individual discretion about how they choose to deal with an infraction; but that’s an entirely different matter.

    3. the act of ICEing is intrinsically likely to adversely effect other road users; namely, the increasing number of people who are abandoning fossil-fueled vehicles in favor of all-electric vehicles—saving themselves money, reducing maintenance headaches, and making a major personal contribution to reducing our collective greenhouse gas emissions.

    (and yes; authoritative, recent data shows that EVs deliver over their lifespans significant regional and national GHG savings vs FF cars, given a comprehensive well-to-wheels accounting of the *entire* supply chain for manufacture, operation and end-of-life recycling, and given the current *actual* mix of FF & renewable power generation sources in use today.

    bottom line: compact EVs—e.g. Nissan Leaf, BMW i3, VW e-Golf, Kia Soul-e, Ford Focus e, etc—cut overall carbon emissions *in half*, vs. equivalent-sized FF cars, reaching break-even in about 8 months. the EV advantage will only improve, too, as electricity generation moves over to larger renewable fractions over time.)

    1. Thanks for the Oregon updates on – Point 1 – Signage! Literacy or Competency is assumed when getting a License, for sure, but The lazy or ‘Too Busy’ to read signs goes way beyond ICI’ing EVSE’s as I get ‘ICE’ed’ frequently in my own Apartment Parking Spot due to Mixed Commercial and Residential – and guests of Commercial Businesses not reading the signs clearly (and some of their staff, too!)

      As to 2c – Warnings – all I can say – is some time ago (~ 28 years or so) for a broken Headlight or Corner Light out that only needed a new bulb – I was given a ’48 hour warning’ that could become a ticket – if I chose not to show the repaired vehicle within the time frame at a local Police Precinct!

      In the case of my point – Was that When a ‘Warning’ is issued for ICE’ing an EVSE – the License Plate could/should be entered in an offender database for such infractions, even though they would not be Towed, or Fined, they would now have a Record, and while they might have honestly not understood the Message of the sign when they read it – thinking there aren’t any Electric Vehicles out there, or – the 1 or 2 they think there are – won’t be needing this spot while they are there – are going to get an opportunity for Education, especially if the ‘Warning’ Ticket – lets them know that their plate Number and Vehicle Ownership has been logged, and if they, or anyone using their vehicle, performs the same feat of ignorance again, specific stiffer penalties (as described in law and summarized on the ticket) will occur!

      If the Goal is to raise money – then by all means – skip this ‘Warning’ step; but – if the goal is to educate the offenders and stop them from repeating this action – I think my approach has some merit.

      It could even be compounded – For example – after receiving the warning ticket – if not removed from the offending spot within a time frame (from the time of the ‘Warning’ Ticket), a Further Ticket could then be issued, with the Fine as specified and set out in the Warning ticket (Also Specifying Further Actions such as Towing or Impounding). The interval could be – as short as one hour, or maybe as long as four hours, if such a plan was able to be adhered to by ticketing officers!

      On a funnier note – I once had my car towed, while unemployed, and tight for cash, so parked it behind some store! But – upon discovery of it being towed, and told (when I came back to the car – missing) by the store owner, where it had been taken – when I was at the tow yard, a Judge came in as his car was towed from a ‘Do Not Park’ place in front of a court house!! You would have enjoyed the scene he tried to put on – with the – ‘do you know who I am’ approach of arrogance! [Sorry Mister, you pay the charge and you get your car – same as me!] 🙂

  8. ModernMarvelFan says:

    Good laws!

    AS far as concerns of “sharing” go. Well, sharing doesn’t work well in mass market.

    No sharing!

    If you want to share, move your car when it is done!

  9. Eugenian says:

    Off with their heads!